Index by Date

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1854 1855 1856 1857 1858 1859
1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869

1870 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880 1881 1882

1842 – 1854
Childhood Memories
Learning French
Miss Crump
Miss Pearson
At Age Thirteen
Christmas 1855


15Aug1854, Uncle Billy Engaged – Hagley – Rev. Hon. William Henry Lyttelton to Emily Pepys
26Aug1854, Poor old Sultana – Hagley -We played cricket with the boys in the morning, read on the lawn, and walked with Aunt Coque in the afternoon. The little pigs grow and prosper.
28Aug1854, Cholera – Hagley – Cholera in Stourbridge, and the black flag hung over the worst places in London. Lord Joscelin died of it a few days ago.
31Aug1854, The school feast – Hagley -They dined very soon after, at the S.E. side of the house ; and eat no less than six rice, and six plum puddings, two legs of mutton, besides lots of beef, bread, and beer.
September, Age 13
01Sep1854,Wasps fight – Hagley -Granny reads the ” Rivals ” to us
06Sep1854,Cholera widow – Hagley – more than 1,000 ill, 200 fatal cases
12Sep1854, A ride – Hagley – 9 or 10 miles with Papa! and Charles
17Sep1854, Mr. Pipps – Hagley – A dog in church
02Nov1854, Rides with Uncle William – Hawarden – Meriel has taken wonderfully to that mode of exercise ; indeed who wouldn’t enjoy long rides over a country new to us, with Agnes, and sometimes Uncle William!!! or Henry
12Nov1854,Honeymoon at Althorp – Hawarden – Grand reception for Uncle Billy, three cheers for Papa and Mamma
Nov.1854, The Charge of the Light Brigade – Hawarden – 11th,12th,13th,14th. The slaughter was prodigious. The glorious fellows !
15Dec1854, Carn’t – Hagley – the little boys had come, so jolly for their holidays, talking of carn’t, harf, and clarss like anything. [FN: The older pronunciation, at any rate in those parts, was “can’t,” not “carn’t,” etc., and Lady Frederick used it, more or less, all her life.]



26Jan1855, Russell has resigned – Hagley – They expect the rest of the ministry will soon be picked out.
01May1855, The Queen’s Ball – London – A Children’s Ball. The Queen shakes her hand, dances with Prince Albert.
18May1855, Crimean Heroes – London – Grand ceremony, the giving of medals
22Jul1855, Mamma’s Birthday – London – The 22nd was my own, own, precious Mamma’s birthday, and on that day moreover was Meriel confirmed by Forbes, Bishop of Brechin, being of the age of fifteen, a month and five days
23Jul1855, A Seventh Son -London – Thank God, oh ! thank God ! to-day at 4 p.m. came into the world No. 11… He came a fortnight or so before he was expected, and is little and thin but prosperous, as is his Mamma, thank God!
September, Age 14
19Sep1855, Sebastopol Has Fallen – Hagley – Oh, what a wretch I am! If I haven’t forgotten to put in the grand news!! SEBASTOPOL HAS FALLEN!
29Sep1855, The New French Woman – Hagley – came the new French woman, more hugely fat than imagination can picture, or tongue describe
22Oct1855, Our Lessons – Hagley – Our lessons are now the very essence of regularity, but nevertheless the squabble, the chatter, the clatter, the laughing, the scolding, the crossness
08Nov1855, Bowdler’s Shakespeare – Hagley – don’t care for ” All’s Well that Ends Well,” and “Midsummer-Night’s Dream,” particularly not the former; uninteresting plot, rather coarse, no poetry, half prose
13Dec1855, Trash – Hagley – “Love’s Labour’s Lost” is trash. “Othello” very fine.
20Dec1855, Papa’s Lecture on Shakespeare – Hagley – Oh, it was so beautiful, and such quotations, and he read them so grandly too.
22Dec1855, An Enchanting House – St. Leonard’s – we are packed delightfully tight…reproduction of diary pages from “Victorian Girls” by Sheila Fletcher



26Feb1856, Macaulay’s Essay – St. Leonard’s – At 6 Johnnie read to Mamma, Mrs. Talbot, M. and I some of Macaulay’s Essay on Hallam, very interesting and well written, and fearfully enraging from its horrid roundhead views
17Mar1856, Debarred From Church – St. Leonard’s – due to sore-throat epidemic
21Apr1856, Rotton Row – London – I had the first ride I have ever had in London on our old friend Niger that we used to ride at Hawarden
24Apr1856, A Day in London – London – Breakfast, prayers, Sunday reading, preparation for Mme Greco, music-lesson with Madelle, reading, dancing from 12 to 4 past 2, dinner, Italian, Hume, drive, tea and cards
25Apr1856, A Royal Ball – London – frocks, carriages, dancing, introduced to the Queen
22Dec1855, An Enchanting House – M. acknowledges that when she saw us set off, she and Edward agreed that they would have liked to go. She is such an odd old creature, this is the last chance she could have had, for next year she will be too old
14May1856, Fanny Kemble– London – King Lear:variation and power of expression, every single character with a different voice and look, the most astonishing change in the voices of each man
23May1856, The Winter’s Tale– London – there were Mr. and Mrs. Kean, but it all seems to me so very vulgar, accent, gesture and all
29May1856, Her Majesty’s Birthday– London – in a traffic jam to see the illuminations on honour of the Peace
05Jun1856, Our New Governess – Hagley – a nice real comfortable English one, ladylike, pleasant-looking
19Jul1856, Matthew Arnold – Hagley – “I do not like you , Dr. Fell; The reason why, I cannot tell”
20Jul1856, Mr. Arnold Again – Hagley – Mr. Arnold did not kneel in church, because he had no hassock ; rather horrid for a strong man.
25Jul1856, George Becomes Spencer – Hagley – It is really most delightful, and a whole son taken off Papa’s hands, and so nice his son to have land there (New Zealand)
September, Age 15
01Sep1856, Start of Book 3 – I wonder whether when I end it I shall be able honestly to say that I have mounted Higher, come Nearer. Excelsior! My own motto.
15Sep1856, Mr. Milnes – Hagley – Mr. Milnes read aloud some beautiful poetry of his own. He is such an odd, nice, rough, ugly, good (apparently) man.
20Sep1856, New Game: Croquet – Hagley – we had some games of croquet, a nice Irish game introduced here by Miss Smith. I only won once
25Sep, 1856, A Nice Drive – Hagley – a nice drive into Clent in the afternoon to give some pudding to the boy Cowper : found him and his eyes nearly well.
17Dec1856, Plans for the Church – Hagley – the vestry and organ-room to adjoin the chancel, which is to be perfectly restored, with encaustic pave­ment, stained glass, seven steps, sedilia, and straight altar-rail
22Dec1856, We worked like Trojans – Hagley – The evergreens are dragged head and shoulders into the billiard-room, and we began business by measuring off the lengths of cord



01Jan1857, Eighteen Children – Hagley – The whole tribe of Gladstones poured into the house to-day, and we make up the goodly number of eighteen children under 17.
02Jan1857, Echoing With Children – Hagley – The dear old house is choked, overflowing, echoing with children. The meals are the fun.
04Jan1857, Whirlpool of Excitement – Hagley – Oh, the whirlpool of excitement we are fizzing in. The PLAY is to come off on the 7th. The actors are to be (I put them in ages) :
07Jan1857, A Last Grand Re­hearsal – Hagley – Behold! the excitement becomes dangerous and boundless. A last grand re­hearsal, and I feel secure of my part.
15Jan1857, Longfellow’s New Poem – Hagley – In the evening the great Monro (staying at the Rectory) lectured in the school on Longfellow, chiefly his new poem ” Hiawatha.”
07Feb1857, A New Baby – London – a detailed account of the events
26Feb1857, The House of Commons – London – Hearing Sir Bulwer Lytton in the House
27Feb1857, Baby’s Name : Duodecimus? – London – Baby’s name : Duodecimus, or Octavius, though appropriate, have been rejected. Papa dares to think of Frederic. My abomination.
08Mar1857, Christ Church, Oxford – Oxford – Johnny appeared, in his cap and gown to please me, for he says the men of Ch. Ch. are not wont to walk about in them, though every other college does.
25Mar1857, Eton – London – the flood of boys looked very striking, especially when they all stood up, with a sort of rushing sound
31Mar1857, Baby Baptized – London – He looked lovely in his robes, and Mamma’s wedding-veil
21Apr1857, Nevy and Spencer – Brighton – ..went back to Geddington ; niobissimus, poor, dear, old fellows.
23Apr1857, Convalescence at Brighton – Brighton – A short visit by Mrs. Talbot
27Apr1857, Boating – Brighton – in a long boat, with four oars, Charles, Albert, and two sailors
16May1857, Falconhurst, Kent – Falconhurst – a long description of the house and grounds
19May1857, Nests Found – Falconhurst – six eggs, one a cuckoo’s, which I rejoiced to purloin.
26May1857, Nests and Eggs – Falconhurst – “Lucy! Lucy! it’s alive, and we’ve put it back in the nest.”
27May1857, Boiled Eggs – Falconhurst – We boiled two eggs ourselves, to a nicety, and the elders came to look at us. Agnes has actually been to the Opera!
30May1857, Fishing – Falconhurst – behold! two or three little bobs of the float, a very great one, a dash of it towards the middle of the pond, a stiff tightening of the line
04Jun1857, Confirmation – Falconhurst – at Penshurst Church with many others by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Sumner
05Jun1857, Mr. Hunt – Falconhurst – Agnes and I went through the Communion Service with him
08Jun1857, Our Last Day – Falconhurst – I made Witherby show me at the last minute some nests and was only back in time for some goodbyes
19Jun1857, Mamma’s Drive – Hagley – a drive in the Robins’ carriage : a most acceptable loan, view our deficiency of vehicle
30Jun1857, The Brichtzka – Hagley – Our coach-horses! took Mamma out in the brichtzka for the first time
13Aug1857, The Soul-light On Her Face – Hagley – It is of no use — God has set His seal. She speaks about it, and the soul-light on her face makes her wonderful to look at
17Aug1857, Mamma Dies – Hagley – it’s all over, all left behind; the Everlasting Morning has dawned on the short weary night
September, Age 16
22Oct1857, Reading – Hawarden – We read “Waverley” in the evening
29Oct1857, A Fire – Hawarden – a long account of a church fire
05Nov1857, Beset With Dangers – Hawarden – a man keeps skulking about … All the clergy are sending for 6-barrelled revolvers
17Dec1857, A Visit From Lord John – Hagley – Lord John Manners came.
18Dec1857, Lord John – Hagley – Lord John gave Charles (his godson) a perfect little leather case
27Dec1857, Granny Summoned to Althorp – Hagley – A telegraph with most alarming accounts from Althorp summoning poor Granny.
29Dec1857, Uncle Fritz Dies – Hagley – And the short brightness of Althorp is clouded —sorrow has come upon them at the height of their happiness. Tallee and Althorp are lonely orphans, and the two little children are fatherless.



01Jan1858, A Prayer – Hagley – through life, in death; for neither life nor death can separate us from that unutterable Love which is in Christ Jesus
14Jan1858, The Siege of Lucknow – Hagley – We read Inglis’ account of the siege of Lucknow, which will be a great historical name, therefore I need not give details.
15Jan1858, Relief of Lucknow – Hagley – Sir C. Campbell brought out unhurt every one
29Jan1858, The Sepoys – Hagley – What diabolical cruelty! what villainy! Let’s go and do exactly the same!
02Feb1858, Peerage of 1854 – Hagley – sanguine hope of improving my knowledge of people’s families, titles, relations, and circumstances
03Mar1858, A Visit to Althorp – Althorp – bringing our own heavy sorrow into this changed and sorrowful house
10Mar1858, Played at Battledore – Hagley – at battledore and shuttlecock
13Mar1858, Deep Blue Distance – Hagley – snow disappearing ; my cold at a climax
13Mar1858, Deep Blue Distance – Hagley – Such a sermon of Uncle Billy’s
06May1858, Althorp is to Marry – London – to marry Miss Charlotte Seymour! who is good, lovely, darkish, not over tall, and everything delightful
09May1858, The Miss Fortescues – London – all alike : sallow, long-nosed, brown-eyed individuals
10May1858, Princess Royal – London – dear Princess Royal begged Lady Raglan to tell Granny how happy she was
13May1858, Bishop Cotton Consecrated – London – The service lasted 5 hours, for there was a somewhat tedious sermon
24May1858, Charles’ Innings – London – an hour and a half against the best bowler at Eton, and got 57 runs, and 13 later
26May1858, Charles’ Noble Play – London – mentioned in the Morning Post as some of the best ever seen!
29May1858, The Crystal Palace, Edmund Kean – London – We came in for the playing of the fountains…But I can’t abide the acting
01Jun1858, Selling the Rubens – London – The great Rubens out of the billiard-room came up to be valued
11Jun1858, Becoming Grown Up – London – for the first time I was bowed at to leave the room, and taken in by the Bishop!
23Jun1858, The Mayde of Alle Worke – Hagley – a mare for my riding, the boys’, and his own when necessary, and also for hunting
29Jun1858, The Filthy Thames – Hagley – Parliament sticks chloride of lime in its windows, and has stomach-aches nevertheless
04Jul1858, Teaching Bobby – Hagley – with some difficulty made him attentive and interested
20Jul1858, Ordering Dinner – Hagley – I ordered dinner for the very first time in my life. Oh dear!
30Jul1858, First Omnibus in New Zealand – Hagley – Heard of the first omnibus appearing with honours in New Zealand
05Aug1858, Out of the Schoolroom – Hagley – Oh, the deep sadness of the flying years!
11Aug1858, Mr. Girdlestone – Hagley – a pleasant evening, combining words, poets, concertina, whist, reading, and conversation.
18Aug1858, The Atlantic Telegraph – Hagley – The first message arrived in 36 minutes
20Aug1858, A Ride to Kinver Edge – Hagley – a stirring fresh breeze, all fragrant with heath, the horses enjoying it as much as we
28Aug1858, Arley Castle – Hagley – Arley was in our family, but was given away by naughty Tom (The 2nd Lord Lyttelton)
September, Age 17
12Sep1858, A Comet – Hagley – We saw a comet and a meteor
21Sep1858, Going Out On Visits – Hams – alone with poor Papa
22Sep1858, Behaving Properly – Hams – I am exhausted with behaving properly
24Sep1858, Orphan Home in Glostershire – Hams – If they turned out right-minded Christians but this they can hardly do, as Plymouth Brethren, poor things
25Sep1858, Back to Hagley – Hagley – Three cheers, we came home, having been much pleased and amused with our visit
27Sep1858, Quarrel About Confession – Hagley – lead clergymen to force their parishioners to unwilling confession
28Sep1858, The Baby – Hagley – he kisses his hand to wish good-bye, says please
30Sep1858, A Pleasant Dinner – Escrick – with a round game, in which for the first time in my life I played for money
01Oct1858, Lord Boyle – Escrick – we sat up till nearly 12 with a round game, whereat I won four shillings
02Oct1858, Mrs. Preston – Escrick – the most fascinating beauty I have ever seen
04Oct1858, A Drive and a Comet – Escrick – (Comet Donati) with its sweep of pale light, curving high upwards, like a great white plume, all one line of beauty
07Oct1858, A Pleasant Day – Escrick – two comic songs and the most capital jig performed by Lord Boyle
09Oct1858, Amazing Fun – Escrick – a jig by Lord Boyle, in a coat with one tail, tucked-up trousers
11Oct1858, We Came Home – Hagley – a most delightful visit giving me a very happy launch into the world
12Oct1858, New Cards for Whist – Hagley – a new pack of green-backed cards with a gold ivy pattern, I trust they are not intensely vulgar
18Oct1858, Mount Edgcumbe – Antony – the beauty was such that I had a wild impulse to fling myself down into its arms
20Oct1858, Most Delightful Day – Antony – all of us were wet ; it was great fun
21Oct1858, The Two Captains Rice – Antony – We both greatly like the two Captains Rice
22Oct1858, Fun in the Carriage – Antony – parodying Scott, and singing all the old songs we could rake up
24Oct1858, Aboard the Royal Albert – Antony – awestruck at the enormous size, depth, and complication of the ship
04Nov1858, Old Saxon Architecture – Lanhydrock – Tintagel, among the scanty ruins of the Castle, old beyond all date
10Nov1858, The Ionian Isles – Hagley – Gladstone going as Lord High Commissioner on some knotty point
01Dec1858, A Problem Visit – Hewell – Two young ladies Bridgeman have been frightfully burnt, is the visit still expected?
04Dec1858, Silence Was Appalling – Hagley – It might have seemed sublime ; but somehow ’twas only ridiculous
15Dec1858, Hunting – Hagley – came home looking mildewed with fog
30Dec1858, The Ball at Stourbridge – Hagley – The great event of our first ball



11Jan1859, Papa Lectures on New Zealand – Hagley – with proud thrills over its English-born goodness and prosperity
14Jan1859, Bishop of London – Hagley – his charge is everywhere reckoned admirable : temperate, wise, careful. Princess Royal’s confinement expected.
26Jan1859, We Shall Not Be Able To Come Out – Hagley – because of fear that Gladstone will stay indefinitely at Corfu
27Jan1859, There’s to be an Election – Hagley – Calthorpe, Liberal, against Pakington, Derbyite : goodness knows which is best
28Jan1859, Princess Royal Has a Son – Hagley – being of the mature age of 18, bless her
03Feb1859, Hounds at the Hunt – Hagley – they had a run over the place, which later fun, alas ! we missed
22Feb1859, Mr. Calthorpe wins – Hagley – by a majority of 320 odd
23Feb1859, Soft Weather – Hagley – through the sprouting wheat and up lovely hill and dale
25Feb1859, Parish Matters – Hagley – which are unusually exciting with illness
01Mar1859, Little Tiddly Lambs – Hagley – exactly the spring of books, which I used to quiz as never existing
04Mar1859, Drive to Obelisk Hill – Hagley – Great and high was the facetiousness of the party
17Mar1859, Trapes thro’ the Mud – Hagley – a 6 o’clock trapes thro’ the mud into the villages
29Mar1859, Ld. Derby Will Go Out – Hagley – and Radicals come in for good!!! Thunder!
02Apr1859, Exit Snow, Exit Frost – Hagley – adventurously took pudding and barley-water to the Pratt child
04Apr1859, In Full Leaf – Hagley – I hope we appreciate this beautiful early summer
06Apr1859, Summer, Spring, Winter – Hagley – all three seasons described
07Apr1859, Over Clent Hill – Hagley – Arthur asking all manner of questions about macadamized roads
16Apr1859, Grinding Despotism for France – Hagley – I finished Bourrienne’s “Napoleon”
29Apr1859, Adam Bede Bowdlered – Hagley – “Adam Bede” to be duly bowdlered for our young minds
30Apr1859, Bright Beats Acland – Hagley – has made a magnificent speech, the wretch
07May1859, First Drinking Fountain in London – Hagley – has been inaugurated
08May1859, Park Too Beautiful – Hagley – We went, 8 strong, excluding that most pintoed M., up Sparry’s and Obelisks Hill
11May1859, Unitarians and Dissenters – Hagley – C. Jem Wortley has been beaten for the W. Riding by 2,000: not a large majority. The Leeds people are wild with fervour at Dr. Hook; Unitarians and Dissenters speak enthusiastically of him.
13May1859, Irrevocableness of Sin – Hagley – “Adam Bede” is a heart-rending book
14May1859, Led Into Evil – Hagley – One of the village girls has been led into evil
18May1859, Journey to London – Hagley – a most smutty journey, for we travelled in the open britschka
23May1859, Party at the Admiralty – London – I believe it was a dull party, but we were much amused
24May1859, Another Ball – London – We danced much more than I expected : M. 6 times and me 4
25May1859, Henry V and London News – London – acting is “outré,” unnatural and vulgar, plus much gossip
26May1859, The Old Race of French Kings – London – introduced to the Duc d’Aumale, all the usual people, crazy Lord Crewe
28May1859, Opera at Covent Garden – London – There being no ballet, Papa let us go.
29May1859, A Gabbled Litany – London – Psalms helping to remember in London whirl
30May1859, The Exhibition – London – a host of glaring absurd Pre-Raphaelites
31May1859, Christy’s Minstrels – London – to a very low diversion, Christy’s Minstrels, full of excessively broad vulgar fun
03Jun1859, Lady Derby’s Ball – London – the dancing a fierce struggle with all-surrounding petticoat
04Jun1859, A Day at Eton – London – There is horrid drunkenness in the boats now
05Jun1859, A Thundery, Languid Day – London – Ain’t a bit tired
06Jun1859, A Pleasant Home Ball – London – carefully distinguished from a ball by its smallness, absence of champagne, and substitution of modest p.f. and harp for band
07Jun1859, The Opening of Parliament – London – in poured the Commons, jostling and talking like nothing on earth but a pack of schoolboys or herd of bullocks
09Jun1859, Interesting Man-Talk – London – many came to breakfast, and I heard much interesting man-talk
10Jun1859, Rehearsal of Handel Festival – London – a great unity of human voice
11Jun1859, Presented at Court – London – “I am so glad to see them: tell your Mother (Granny) how nice they looked.”
12Jun1859, Second Communion – Falconhurst – I knelt in the same place, and the last time so filled my memory
13Jun1859, A Concert – London – having “nothing to wear”, they alter some bonnets
15Jun1859, A Torrent of People – London – we amused ourselves looking at people
16Jun1859, Worth Coming to London – London – we dined, and came back for that momentous event, our first concert
18Jun1859, An Attenuated Baboon – London – a little breakfast, dined at Ld. Camden’s, many names mentioned
19Jun1859, It Felt Wicked – London – it felt wicked, and was a bore, to dress up and go smartish out to dinner on Sunday
20Jun1859, Pretty Enough – London – 8 mortal hours and a half have we been at Mme de Persigny’s ball, and sorrow a bit have I danced
21Jun1859, Swallow Dizzy – London – time to spare from accounts of our perpetual dissipations, to tell of much more interesting things – politics
24Jun1859, Those Old Times – London – Oh dear, the quantity one has to write !
26Jun1859, A Boring Sermon – London – to St. Martin’s and to Chapel Royal. Lady Ailesbury dropped her parasol from the gallery
28Jun1859, The King of France – London – I had ever so many chances of dancing, but only did 3 times
29Jun1859, Our First Queen’s Ball – London – We made our curtseys rather ill, such a slippery floor, and difficult to take the Queen’s hand
03Jul1859, Slovenly Service – London – service at the Abbey, where everything was got through in the most disgraceful slovenly manner
04Jul1859, Two Balls – London – For the first time, two balls ; duty first, and pleasure afterwards
06Jul1859, Wimbledon – London – Papa coming to see the place where he lived so much in his childhood
07Jul1859, The King’s Bottle-Holder – London – I thrilled at the Comte de Paris thro’ the door of the jimmy staircase as long as he was there
08Jul1859, Have Enjoyed This Ball More Than Any Other – London – a wonderful story of almost dancing with the Comte de Paris
09Jul1859, Dancing with the Comte de Paris – London – said the Lancers were beginning in another room, hooked me, and off we went! —oh, bliss!
11Jul1859, Big Ben – London – Big Ben began striking the hours in a deep melodious tone, with an endless echo.
29Jul1859, Home at Hagley – Hagley – we came safely home to the dear bright snug quietness of green summer Hagley
1860, Book V is Lost – was lost almost as soon as it was written
September, Age 18



1860, Book V is Lost – was lost almost as soon as it was written
A visit to Althorp to meet the new and beautiful Lady Charlotte Spencer. Mr. Leslie is painting her : but does he hope to do justice to her lovely expression, her dancing ingenuous eyes and indescribable winsomeness?
Her sister Meriel’s engagement to John Talbot, which took place on an expedition to the Crystal Palace, on May 26th, 1860.
Meriel’s marriage, which followed on July 19th at Westminster Abbey.
She walked ten miles to church and back through mud, up hill, with an immensely heavy poplin gown to hold up.
September, Age 19
December, Book VI begins
28Dec1860, Capital Sliding and Skating – Hawarden – when everyone tumbled over except Ld. Jermyn, Willy, Mr. Ryan and me



08Jan1861, Distress at Coventry – Hagley – a once well-to-do tradesman stole meat from a butcher’s
15Jan1861, Hard Times – Hagley – The poor people at the club and everywhere speak of the hard times
18Jan1861, A Cry of Distress – Hagley – London they say as bad as country
19Jan1861, Dreadful Oxford Free-thinking – Hagley – Some talk about the dreadful Oxford Free-thinking.
22Jan1861, Hungry Bedworth People – Hagley – kept alive by diligent care from day to day ; and, as far as one can see, nothing else before them.
28Jan1861, Messrs. Claughton and Pepys – Hagley – reading extracts from Crabbe and Spenser quite beautifully
01Feb1861, Hard Work at Coventry – Hagley – daily feeding and clothing amongst misery, cheating, and starvation goes on
07Feb1861, Alfred Turns Four – Hagley – his bright generous temper, his amazing winsomeness, his quickness and noble look
11Feb1861, Doncaster Church – Escrick – Dr. Vaughan: I greatly dislike his curious, silky, feminine voice.
13Feb1861, Distress at Bedworth – Hagley – the distress at Bedworth has broken out again awfully
24Feb1861, Tutor Seems Bitten with Horrible Essays – Hagley – Edward’s tutor Curgenven seems bitten with these horrible “Essays and Reviews”
02Mar1861, Russian Serfs to be Free Men – Hagley – To-morrow morning all the Russian serfs will be free men ! A grand thing.
16Mar1861, Stolid Country Poor – Hagley – some good coming of working amongst them. One hardly ever sees any results in stolid country poor
02Apr1861, Scampish – Brighton – I walked alone on the pier, which it suddenly struck me was scampish.
04Apr1861, An Escort – Brighton – having to walk back alone, I pretended to belong to two elderly ladies in succession
11Apr1861, A Dance With the King of France – London – Comte de Paris asked particularly after me and danced with me : stomach-ache of thrill!
14Apr1861, Fine Singing – Brighton – We all went to St. Paul’s in the morning, St. Mary’s in the afternoon
16Apr1861, St. Mary’s Home – Brighton – Everything beautifully arranged, clean, bright, and airy
23Apr1861, A First Rate Ball – London – A first-rate ball at Ly. Egerton of Tatton’s, where we both danced plentifully
24Apr1861, The New Budget – London – which I believe I ought to rage at, being a Conservative! Am I? I don’t quite know
29Apr1861, Dizzy Against the Budget – London – Uncle W. spoke quite admirably in defence of the Budget, and Dizzy admirably against it ; so I am left in the wood.
30Apr1861, Gladstone in Rollicking Spirits – London – Uncle W. in rollicking spirits over his Budget, and very kind to me.
02May1861, Painful Sotto Voce – London – Uncle W. was hoarse after another great speech, Atie. P. silent
07May1861, Scampishness – London – Poor Miss Coutts sat on thorns, not anticipating the scampishness, and a Bishop or two stalked out!
Recovering from typhoid fever
04Jun1861, Servant Problems – London – I was put into a regular tremble and heart-beatings
06JUN1861, Wheeler Eats Humble Pie – Sheen – at the last moment ate humble pie; and was received back into favour with dignified condescension
10JUN1861, Cavour Has Died – Sheen – a potation of port wine, besides quinine. And the nurse tells me they give wine or brandy in every fever
24JUN1861, Great London Fire – London – Tooley St. is ankle deep in hot tallow and the Thames itself blazing with masses of burning oil
29Jun1861, Visiting Mr. Phillimore – London – The 2 eldest girls have outgrown their looks but seem extremely intelligent and sharp
02Jul1861, Cricket and a Comet – London – A comet was visible. Meanwhile the great fire goes on
03Jul1861, Delightful Home Ball – London – my partners were beyond dowdyissimus
08Jul1861, Hamlet by Fechter – London – acting throughout being perfect, and an entirely new delight to me in these days of no good tragic actors
30Aug1861, Brown & Tomkins vs. Marquis & Viscount – Hagley – O if they were profligate Brown and Tomkins instead of profligate Marquis and Viscount, how loud wd be the horror and disdain of the world !
September, Age 20
18Sep1861, Thieving Maid – Hagley – has been thieving and is to be prosecuted, as an example to others and a warning to herself
19Sep1861, Taken Into Custody – Hagley – my spirits are low, thinking of her loneliness and disgrace to-night
20Sep1861, Hard Labour – Hagley – sentenced to 14 days’ prison and hard labour
28Sep1861, Worcester Gaol – Hagley – went to see wretched Henriette in Worcester gaol. Found her in strapping health and unchanged in manner
29Sep1861, Trial Before Me – Hagley – I think I have strong hope and trust about whatever may happen
02Oct1861, These Quiet Days – Hagley – I wish I could stay a little while longer among these quiet days —that this calm sort of pause in our life might last a little !
04Oct1861, Peerage Corrections – Hagley – I filled up the quiet day, which had, however, its worry and distress, over and above the strange sense of suspense just now
05Oct1861, Looking Forward – Hagley – I keep myself to a wonderful extent from looking forward
10Oct1861, Anxiety Taken Away – Hagley – All the suspense and anxiety of the last days is taken away and I feel proportionably light-hearted
20Nov1861, Rifle Shooting – Hagley – to see rifle shooting at 900 and 650 yards
29Nov1861, Yankees Stop the Trent – Hagley – Those precious Yankees have stopped a merchant ship of ours, the Trent
03Dec1861, War With America – Hagley – if the Govt. doesn’t apologise ; which it is far from likely it will do
18Dec1861, Prince Albert Has Died – the cloud over the days is ever before me, and it is such a great, solemn, and awful thing
19Dec1861, The Queen weeps for Albert The Queen threw herself on the Prince with one fervent kiss..
26Dec1861, There Will Be War the Queen is sadly shattered..
27Dec1861, Talk With Old Nevy – good accounts of the Queen.
30Dec1861, He taught me how to reign I hope I shall show that I can do it.
31Dec1861, Saddened Year is Past – Coventry famine. Then the death of the Duchess of Kent, the great fire, the deaths of Lord Herbert, Sir J. Graham, Cavour ; the Indian famine ; the death of Lady Canning, and finally of the Prince



02Jan1862, Still no answer from America – Hagley –
06Jan1862, Regal Duties Alone – Hagley – poor Queen has had to hold a Privy Council to-day; so soon to be obliged to take upon her the regal duties alone and unsupported!
07Jan1862, Little Arthur – Hagley – just struck 10, frank, sweet-tempered, full of fun and intelligence
09Jan1862, Peace with the Yankees – Hagley – they have given themselves a name for ever, I shd think, for insolence, bragging, and absurdity
10Jan1862, For Peace All Along – Hagley – the newspapers being nothing but mob brag and insolence
21Jan1862, Colliery Accident at Shields – Hagley – There is little hope for the poor colliers
23Jan1862, 200 Hartley Colliers Found Dead – Hagley – The Queen had sent a telegram, which said “her heart bled for them”
28Jan1862, Queen Writes to Shields – Hagley – most touching and beautiful in its tone of real sympathy, coming from a heart so broken
29Jan1862, House Party at Lord Denbigh’s – Newnham Paddox – swarms of people, all of whose names I shall perhaps pick up by the time we go
30Jan1862, A Paper Hunt – Newnham Paddox – Col. Feilding and I being hares, we baffled the hounds, Charming dancing in the evening
31Jan1862, First Fox Hunt – Newnham Paddox – really I think it was the most glorious exciting enjoyment I have ever had ; and that says a good deal
05Feb1862, Fox Hunting at Althorp – Althorp – enjoying the glorious start, and seeing many leaps, and more than one tumble
07Feb1862, Hair amazingly done up – Althorp – practised many experiments on my hair ending in turning me out amazingly done up, with it twined back over a rouleau on each side. They say powder days are coming back.
08Feb1862, Spencer’s Fairy Queen – Althorp – a particularly nice walk with Charlotte, and loved her more and more
10Feb1862, Melancholy partings – Althorp – the kind Prss. made me write them in her book. Shall I ever see her again, I wonder?
11Feb1862, Kidderminster Volunteer Ball – Hagley – Papa in uniform, a guard of honour (rifles) received us : rather blowing
12Feb1862, Tennyson on the Prince – Hagley – Tennyson has written some beautiful lines on the Prince
22Feb1862, Arthur a page – Hagley – Arthur is gazetted as Page to the Queen
01Apr1862, Odd party at dinner – Hagley – Uncle Stephen seems very well, has been making out a list of all the old churches he has seen in England : 250 in Kent alone!
07Apr1862, Monstrous Mechanism on the Sea – Hagley – horrible little iron battery of the Americans has been destroying a beautiful great man-of-war
19Apr1862, Easter Eve – Hagley – not miss one service since Lent began. Oh dear! what an Angel I ought to be!
21Apr1862, Choir Surplices – Hagley – The Vestry CONSENTED UNANIMOUSLY AND JOYFULLY TO THE CHOIR SURPLICES!!! Which is amazing
22Apr1862, Surpliced Future – Hagley – We went wild with excitement over the surpliced future.
03May1862, Surplices Arrive – Hagley – Arrived the Surplices! we went and gloated over them and the delightful cupboard wherein they are to hang
04May1862, Choir in Surplices – Hagley – The Choir appeared IN SURPLICES!!!!!!
08May1862, Lack of Young Men – Teddesley – more agreeable than young men generally, for the lack of whom host and hostess have been anxiously apologising to me.
10May1862, Gread London Exhibition – London – too monstrous outside, but striking inside
14May1862, One Was Amused – London – Dull concert at Ly. Harrington’s, I mean the music was dull : one was amused somehow
17May1862, Amusing Squash – London – Lady Palmerston, Ld. Shaftesbury, Ld. and Ly. Carnarvon, Oh dear! why do I begin going thro’ the names?
25May1862, In a Hansom – London – [FN: Long after this it was not considered quite “proper” for young ladies to go in hansoms.]
27May1862, John Talbot is Beaten for Kidderminster – London – beaten by 8; which 8 are said to have cost the Liberal side £2,000! Who was to stand against such gross bribery?
30May1862, House of Lords – London – Thought the Lords on the whole looked uninteresting old fogies: hardly any quite young man
04Jun1862, Kensington Museum – London – to the S. Kensington Museum and saw glorious things, that made one proud of one’s country
07Jun1862, Volume 7 of the Diary Begins – Cambridge – I have seen enough of sorrow to make every fresh beginning of things rather awful to me
08Jun1862, To Trinity With Papa – Cambridge – undergraduates, have been running tame most of the day
09Jun1862, Red Letter Day at Cambridge – Cambridge – and then! —to the Senate House to see the degrees conferred
10Jun1862, Three Days Rolled Into One – Cambridge – I must say that, after London experience, it was charming to be engaged to every dance in no time
13Jun1862, Wretched Blondin on the Tight Rope – London – It was marvellous: he hung himself head downwards by one leg! walked backwards briskly; stood on his head, made somersaults, etc.
14Jun1862, The Queen’s Duty to Her Subjects – London – The Duke said the Queen in a letter to him expressed her intention of never again taking part in court gaieties
20Jun1862, Lord Lansdowne – London – a bent and withered old man with a star on his brass-buttoned coat, his left arm, crippled with gout, in a sling, sat near me
21Jun1862, Fantastic Hair Dressing – London – the fantastic hair dressing which is come into fashion: odd rolls and curls; and it all seems to have a pyramidal tendency
23Jun1862, Charles Bowled Out – London – we were doomed to see Charles bowled out for a “duck” after a few overs. The first time it has happened
26Jun1862, A Full Day – London – a delightful clever bkfast…the ceremonies at the opening of the new House of Charity…came home to a concert…Then a pompous little dinner…lovely and successful ball
28Jun1862, Three Day Cricket Match – London – a splendid match between Gentlemen and Players has been going on at Kennington Oval for the last 3 days
01Jul1862, Powdered Hair – London – I saw one foreigner who actually had white powder in her hair!
04Jul1862, Scrubby Napoleon – London – the banners and fleurs-de-lis on the wall, filled one with a thrill of respect and compassion for the descendants of the hundred kings of France
08Jul1862, A Ball at Devonshire House – London – The ball has been the 1st thoroughly enjoyable: at Devonshire House; and we didn’t miss more than 3 or 4 dances
11Jul1862, Last London Day – London – wherewith Ends My London Gaieties. Have been to 14 balls, 15 parties, 5 dinners
12Jul1862, Deal Old Hagley – Hagley – Can’t but be so glad I haven’t married or anything upsetting! but have fallen back upon dear old Hagley’s loving arms.
19Jul1862, Canada Must Look Out – Hagley – Wonderful but probably false report that the whole northern army in America has capitulated. If so, Canada must look out!
21Jul1862, Federals Have Not Capitulated – Hagley – but are in the last extremity, their general (McClellan) bragging to the last, and lying most tremendously
22Jul1862, Butterer and Butteree – Hagley – After every individual had been both butterer and butteree, we set off to do the interesting things in the town
15Aug1862, A Tiff With The Grim One – Hagley – I had a terrific tiff with the Grim One. [FN: Her maid.]
19Aug1862, Shooting the Pea Rifle – Hagley – I never fail to hit the target (at 70 yds.), and grazed the bull’s-eye once
20Aug1862, No Bull’s Eye Today – Hagley – We shot with the rifle, which I do enjoy: no bull’s-eye to-day, however
25Aug1862, Tiny George – Hagley – goes staggering about, jabbering and laughing triumphantly, with one arm high above his head, just as if he was hoisting a sail
27Aug1862, A Perverted Game of Croquet – Hagley – dancing for abt an hr and 3/4 great fun, as there was only one valse, one galop, and one quadrille; the rest being double lancers, and one merry country dance
September, Age 21
07Sep1862, Happy Bright Sunday – Hagley – I could not but think the cloudy weather as we entered church, and the glorious sunshine as we came out
18Sep1862, Darling Tallee Spencer – Hagley – Darling Tallee makes a vacuum in my heart more than most people
18Sep1862, Papa has a tooth out – Hagley – Papa has had an enormous tooth out, under choloroform
20Sep1862, Prince of Wales engaged to Alexandra – Hagley – Delightful accounts of the amiability and attraction of Prss. Alexandra , of the P. of W’s. state of bliss
23Sep1862, Billiards – Hagley – Played a game of billiards with At. E.
24Sep1862, Charles bags 12 stags – Hagley – safe and sound, thank God, in a most splendid state of health and vigour, and having killed 12 stags, more than anybody else
25Sep1862, Horrid Knickerbockers – Hagley – Charles went out shooting, in horrid knickerbockers.
06Oct1862, Uninteresting Day – Hagley – I said my Prayers looking out into it, and it seemed to purify and exalt them
17Oct1862, First Visit to The Lakes – Windermere – There was a regular angry lurid sunset over the Old Man, breaking through the heavy clouds
22Oct1862, A glorious day of beauty – Coniston – And oh, the tinting lights, the towering peaks, and the deep valleys!
27Oct1862, Lord Brougham makes me shy – Brougham – certain Spaldings and Broughams, with sons and daughters, with the eldest of whom (drs) I cuddled amazingly after dinner !
29Oct1862, 10 years waiting for a living – Brougham – eldest Miss Brougham, poor thing, poured out to me all the griefs of her 9 years’ attachment and 1 year’s recognized engagement to their clergyman
30Oct1862, Lord Brougham seems altered – Brougham – he is silent and seems out of spirits and we see little of him. Papa thinks him altered
01Nov1862, The Cotton Famine – Hawarden – Nobody knows what dreadful misery the winter will bring, as there doesn’t seem a hope of improvement for months
05Nov1862, Shining upon the dear picture – Hawarden – The aftn sun has a beautiful trick of shining upon the dear picture in the dining-room, making it so lovely
06Nov1862, A little tired of balls – Hawarden – The ball was very pretty and first-rate ; but I have come to the melancholy conclusion that I have become a little tired of balls!
07Nov1862, Riot in Blackburn – Hawarden – and it was reduced to 3s. because he got one week’s work. The poor wife fainted 2ce in one morng from hunger
10Nov1862, Soup kitchen in Blackburn – Hawarden – for the papers say if the people are not fed now, before the great cold begins, it will kill them
14Nov1862, Half-starved constitutions – Hawarden – that they may lay in some stock of strength to resist the bitter weather and the almost inevitable fever
19Nov1862, Clothes for Lancashire – Hagley – found At. E. up to the ears in old and new clothes which have been sent for Lancashire
20Nov1862, First Meeting With Future Husband – Chatsworth – A notable day ; I came to Chatsworth chaperoned by At. Y. and Tallee, in default of Papa
21Nov1862, My form of shyness – Chatsworth – We walked in the grounds…Oh dear, I have an oppressed feeling, which is my form of shyness, I suppose.
22Nov1862, Exploring Chatsworth – Chatsworth – As usual the 3rd day makes a great step in pleasantness ; but be at my ease I cannot
23Nov1862, The church is something dreadful – Chatsworth – the care necessary to avoid falling foul of everyone’s eye, kicking everyone’s hat, and sitting upon everyone’s lap, was most oppressive
24Nov1862, Bidding a round of good-byes – Chatsworth – I have not often done a more blowing thing than marching into the breakfast-room this morng at 1/4 10 and bidding a round of good-byes to all the august guests there assembled!
24Nov1862, Returning to threadbare home – Hagley – (after Chatsworth) the house looks a little scrubby and threadbare!
26Nov1862, Papa whistles – Hagley – I heard Papa whistle (softly and half to himself) for the 1st time since ’57
27Nov1862, A fall from a horse – Hagley – To my astonishment and humiliation, off I fell, but, thank God, was only rather bruised, falling on my side and arm
28Nov1862, Ticket-of-leave men – Hagley – Garotting and ticket-of-leave men are great subjects ; they are rife enough to make even the principal London streets unsafe
30Nov1862, Kitchen feeds 1,000 daily – Hagley – they are collecting to give the poor people a Christmas dinner
03Dec1862, Uncle William, King of Greece – Hagley – The Greeks want to elect as their king either Prince Alfred or — Uncle William!
07Dec1862, Lancashire distress – Hagley – Uncle B. on the Lancash. distress, for which the collection was made ; viz. £1.
18Dec1862, One of the very best balls I ever was at – Hawarden – We began at 9½, and ended about 2½. My partners Ld. F. Cavendish, Mr. Astley, oh I cannot remember them, but I danced everything
21Dec1862, Lancashire distress widens – Hagley – more mills stop every week, the population is losing wages at the rate of £8,000,000 annually
23Dec1862, Papa’s lecture on poetry – Hagley – it was to me enjoyment only next to listening to mighty music, and I am in a realm of beauty and harmony



11Jan1863, A copy of the Prince’s speeches – Hagley – Granny has received from the Queen a copy, in white morocco, of the Prince’s speeches
12Jan1863, American War may possibly end – Hagley – There is a real steady increase of work in the N., thank God, and a notion that the American War may possibly end
10Feb1863, Pottering about Althorp – Althorp – We drove with 4 in hand to Weedon, thence with 4 posters to Wormleighton
10Mar1863, The Wedding of the Prince of Wales – London – A long account of the royal wedding
11Apr1863, The Valse – London – I have mastered the Scotch reel, and Charles has fairly learnt to valse
24Apr1863, New Hats – London – hats of the high-crowned fashion … suggestive of something between a bandit and a Tyrolese
27Apr1863, Princess’s wedding gifts – London – Most of the jewels have been taken away, and many things were in very bad taste
01May1863, May Day and King Lear – London – I had the immense treat of going to hear F. Kemble read “King Lear”
02May1863, The Prince of Wales Bows – London – we saw a young man riding in front of us, who proved to be the Prince of Wales
04May1863, A Speech by Uncle William – London – in defence of his extraordinary proposal of income-taxing charities
09May1863, Dining at the Gladstones – London – en famille ; while uncle and aunt dined at Marlborough House, and came away raving of the Princess of course !
10May1863, Four Sermons – London – Canon Stanley, Bishop of London, Mr. Kempe, and Uncle W.’s own, on the Ascension
13May1863, Alone in a Cab – London – I went alone in a cab, with nothing but a footman; a wonderfully select ball at Pam’s
16May1863, The Drawing Room – London – six hours vs. one hour (for entrée people) to curtsey to the Queen
17May1863, Dirty Gloves – London – cannot feel like a Christian in church, when I form part of that select circle of the nobility who sit in the Peeresses’ boudoir
26May1863, Smiling Loveliness – Hagley – the springtide of the trees, grass and garden gives a positive exhilaration to one’s feelings
02Jun1863, America and Heaven – London – Mr. Bourke said the American people were quite as hateful as books describe them
08Jun1863, A Page-of-Honour – London – with Papa to see Arthur in his Court costume for the levee
11Jun1863, Only Two Dances – London – a ball at Miss Coutts’s ; there was at first not a partner to be seen!
13Jun1863, America: North vs South – Cliveden – During dinner America was the topic : the Duke and Duchess are Northern ! in their sympathies
14Jun1863, Paradise and Heaven – Cliveden – When one lives in Paradise, how hard it must be to ascend in heart and mind to Heaven!
15Jun1863, Meeting Howard and Jowett – Oxford – These kind people have packed unheard-of numbers into their ingenious little house
16Jun1863, Cheers for the Prince – Oxford – the cheers ceased only for the whole mass of voices to join in “God save the Queen” with a mighty shout
17Jun1863, Sleeping on the Floor – Oxford – we got alternately on to the floor full length, tucked up in a chair, listened to the innumerable clocks, and went into a succession of giggles
18Jun1863, Shaking Hands with the Princess – London – to Dr. Stanley’s garden, to see the tent which the latter slept in in the East
19Jun1863, A Maid-of-Honour!!!!!!! – London – Ly. Augusta Bruce has written to Granny to ask whether, on a vacancy occurring, and the Queen being graciously pleased to offer it, there wd be any objection to my accepting the post of Maid-of-Honour!!!!!!!
20Jun1863, Maid-of-honourums – London – I breakfasted in G. St., and we talked a good deal Maid-of-honourums
21Jun1863, A Confirmatory Letter – London – Maid-of-honourums : a confirmatory letter came from Ly. Augusta
22Jun1863, So Know All Men – London – bringing with them the Queen’s official offer of the post to me, through the Duchess of Wellington, Mistress of the Robes
24Jun1863, The Beau Monde Responds – London – added to what greets me everywhere in the beau monde, make me feel very much as if I were going to be married
25Jun1863, Stage Stories from Charles Kean – London – Said nobody would guess what an inclination to laugh comes over actors at the most awful moments
26Jun1863, The Guards’ Ball – London – the great thing of the season : the Guards’ ball, in what was the English picture-gallery of the Exhibition
02Jul1863, A Northern Yankee – London – I shd have preferred being disgusted with the latter ; but truth compels me to say that he was agreeable
04Jul1863, May Has Scarlet Fever – London – Her throat is bad, but the telegraph this afternoon said it was a favourable case
07Jul1863, A Dance with Fred Cavendish – London – an exceedingly beautiful ball at Stafford House. We walked home .. and I, like a convict, marched in the middle, thus guarded
08Jul1863, Jenny Lind – London – I suppose her high notes are a little gone, but the matchless expression and heart-feeling can never go out of her voice
09Jul1863, Charles Fechter – London – To breakfast came the Comte de Paris and no less a man than Fechter, who was very agreeable
12Jul1863, Last London Sunday – London – It refreshes one to see people whom one only connects with diamonds and wreaths—in church
14Jul1863, A Good Recherché Ball – London – young men played at leap-frog, there was croquet, a country dance, and valsing, asked to dance by Frederic Cavendish
16Jul1863, Last Clever Breakfast – London – wound up my gaieties: 17 balls, 8 parties, 9 dinner parties, 8 private concerts, besides breakfasts of different sorts
25Jul1863, Willow Leaves on the Sun – Falconhurst – a model of the face of the sun, which he has just discovered to be covered promiscuously by willow-leafshaped things
30Jul1863, Boy Thrown from Horse – Hawarden – A horse ran away with a boy of 16, Atie. P. flew off to nurse him
01Aug1863, Arrow Into the Blue – Hawarden – I got an arrow into the blue at 60 yards, shooting with Uncle Henry’s prize bow, weight 55
03Aug1863, Energetic Duty – Hawarden – Papa very busy… If that isn’t energetic doing of duty, I shd like to know what is
05Aug8163, Visiting the Thrown Boy – Hawarden – Walked with Ats P. and C. and the 2 Marks to see the poor thrown boy at Mancot : he seems recovering
24Aug1863, Volume 8 of the Diary Begins – Hagley – teaching the little brothers, Prescott with Arthur, Tasso with Nevy, “Childe Harold” with Albert, Yonge with Bob
26Aug1863, Warrant of Appointment – Hagley – I received my warrant of appointment, for which superfluity I am to pay £25
27Aug1863, Riding the Hunter – Hagley – I then rode on the hunter, with Lavinia and Bob, and had the satisfaction of keeping on in spite of a very lively kick
29Aug1863, Wordsworth’s Tour in Italy – Hagley – Have finished Wordsworth’s tour in Italy, its view of the Church of Rome, the crying need of its reformation
September, Age 22
05Sep1863, Hereford Cathedral – Hagley – beautiful deep mouldings, and many details, as the early Decorated 2-light windows 50 feet high, the lovely tiling, and the splendid screen
08Sep1863, Summoned to Windsor – Hagley – to Windsor on the 10th to be in waiting till the 14th. Having been told Xmas was the earliest date possible, this interesting communication finds me without “a thing to my back !
09Sep1863, A Bewitching Linsey – Hagley – falling in love with a bewitching linsey, bought it against winter for 33s. ; 12 yds
10Sep1863, First Day as Maid-of-Honour – Windsor – after it was over, I shd have liked nothing better than rushing off somewhere and having a good cry
11Sep1863, Poor Peggies – Windsor – Oh dear, I shall sympathize for the rest of my life with poor peggies [FN: I.e. maidservants.] launched at their first place !
12Sep1863, Beginning to Like Court Life – Windsor – The sentries presented arms to Ly. Ely and me ! misled by the Queen’s little dog, who was with us, and who doubtless took all the honour to himself
13Sep1863, Going to Chapel Bonnetless – Windsor – it is startling to one’s feelings to go to a Sunday service in a chapel bonnetless, as the household have to do here
14Sep1863, My First Waiting Ends – Hagley – And so it is over ! I almost feel as if I had spent a fortnight here
16Sep1863, Sedate Pleasures – Hagley – they enjoy things as grown-up people do, to whom life has a little outgrown its freshness
18Sep1863, Sankoo – Hagley – Took a partridge to Mrs. Stringer, who held up her hands in speechless bliss before bursting into gratitude
19Sep1863, Reading Shakespeare – Hagley – Began “Henry VIII” with Arthur who likes both poetry in general and Shakespeare in particular
26Sep1863, Mobs and Riots – Hagley – recollecting something about the Chartist riots in ’48 ; especially how we were sent into the Green Park as likely to be a quiet place
01Oct1863, Guizot’s Charles I – Hagley – although I do now see, very unwillingly, the faults of the Royal martyr
13Oct1863, Step-carpetums and ball-chairums – Hagley – preparing for Charles’ 21st birthday: Paperums, perron-awning-ums, step-carpetums, ball-chairums, stableums
15Oct1863, Getting Ready – Hagley – The billiard-room was transformed into an elegant Louis XV “salon,” with the drawing-room furniture, china, etc.
19Oct1863, More Preparations – Hagley – The gallery floor begins to assume a lovely light toffee hue, by dint of rubbing
23Oct1863, A walk with Aunt Yaddy – Hagley – I walked with At. Y. We were audience to two splendid triumphal arches in the avenue
26Oct1863, Mrs. Gladstone in Mama’s Room – Hagley – Atie. Pussy is in the dear room, never used till now since the night when Mamma rested there in her arms
27Oct1863, Charles Turns 21 – Hagley – The monster dinner of 38 people came off at six : we had to sit round the room at a horseshoe table
28Oct1863, More Celebrations – Hagley – The labourers’ dinner, 250 men, all went to the park for games, the poor women’s tea, Fire balloons and red and blue lights came off at night
29Oct1863, A Gentlemen’s Dinner – Hagley – highly successful and delightful dinner at Halesowen, to which went all the gentlemen
30Oct1863, The Tenants’ Dinner – Hagley – 50 tenants dined at the Arms, Charles wisely took the facetious line
01Nov1863, Mad Hypotheses – Hagley – the following singular remark: “If my mother had been a boy, and if I had been a boy, I shd have been Lord Lyttelton!”
02Nov1863, A Dinnery Given by the Gentry – Hagley – A dinner was given to Papa and Ch. by the gentry, which was as successful as everything else
03Nov1863, The Servants’ Ball – Hagley – A splendid servants’ ball, to which came Stourbridge tradespeople and Hagley farmers, ended our week’s doings
07Nov1863, Sounds Distsurb Unprotected Females – Hagley – A footman upstairs was sought for in vain, so the 1st-mentioned trio of witches prowled down the wooden stairs
16Nov1863, Godley’s Letters From America – Hagley – I am reading Mr. Godley’s letters to Mr. Adderley with gt interest
21Nov1863, Billiards – Hagley – At. E. turned up at 1 for an inauguration game of billiards on the newly cloth’d table in the hall
25Nov1863, The Homeless Poor – Hagley – Papers talk about the homeless poor, but nothing effectual is ever done : a poor man died of sheer starvation the other day
28Nov1863, Spring – Hagley – Newmany has brought me a bunch of big fragrant violets ; the pear blossoms (misguided creatures) are coming out
30Nov1863, A Weary Evening – Witley – A weary evening consisting of an hr and ¼’s waiting, then a long-drawn-out silent dinner
30Nov1863, A Weary Evening – Railway Hotel, Derby – A very interesting story: we got to Derby at 7.40 instead of 6.20. No Papa ! And there we sat till past 10
04Dec1863, An Argument with Ld. Frederic – Chatsworth – At dinner I got into an argument with Ld. Frederic Cavendish on the Church, which excited and interested me
05Dec1863, Viewing Hardwicke – Chatsworth – we spent 2 hours going over the wonderful old house
07Dec1863, Leaving Chatsworth – Hawarden – I left beautiful Chatsworth and all its nice kind people, at 9½.
08Dec1863, A Visit from Ld. Frederic – Hawarden – Drove in the rain for an hour with Mrs. and Emily Mildmay and Agnes. Ld. Frederic came. Pleasant evening of whist.
09Dec1863, A Capital Little Dance – Hawarden – many names, a capital little dance, have been discussing Church questions with Ld. F., and the end not justifying the means with Mr. Tollemache, in re charity balls and bazaars.
10Dec1863, A Most Delightful Ball – Hawarden – The most delightful ball I have ever had, beginning before 10, and ending after three
14Dec1863, Something of a Dream – Hagley – This day 2 years ago the Prince Consort died. A Times leading article takes the opportunity to give the poor Queen another of its numerous lectures
16Dec1863, Spade Makers Strike – Hagley – Did district, where I found distress, owing to a strike among the spade makers. Sum-total I have collected there in the yr, mostly monthly pennies, 18s. 11½d.
23Dec1863, Swallows Seen – Hagley – Lovely and soft. A man writes word to the Times that he has seen swallows.
26Dec1863, Hallelujah Chorus – Hagley – I do believe one’s joy in listening to the Hallelujah Chorus brings one nearer to Heaven than any other joy which is not directly religious.
31Dec1863, Looking Forward with Awe – Hagley – There is much in my heart to make me thoughtful, and to give me a sort of awe, in looking forward



06Jan1864, Dreading a Second Waiting – Hagley – I dread Osborne very much—indeed I am altogether awed in looking forward
07Jan1864, Meriel’s Third Baby – Hampton Court – going up to the baby’s room, and having my 1st sight of her, hearing my old darling’s voice calling me and finding her on her sofa in her pretty room, all warm and snug in the firelight
08Jan1864, Shopping for the Second Waiting – Hampton Court – That kindest of people, At. Yaddy, took me up to London this morning (darling Va with us), and under her auspices I have bought…
09Jan1864, Second Waiting Begins – Osborne – The dinner was certainly sepulchral, but the evening much helped by Prss. Louise showing Miss Bowater and me her photographs, and laughing and talking gaily
10Jan1864, Missed Second Service – Osborne – we all attended the whole service at Whippingham…Nobody went to church again, so I missed the 2nd service for the 1st time since I recovered from the fever
11Jan1864, Pitying the Royals – Osborne – I cd not help pitying all these Royal people who are never allowed to go out of their own domain… raving of country-house visiting. “I should like it!” said the Prss., half hesitatingly. “Ah, that is one thing we are deprived of.”
13Jan1864, Queen Causes General Acceleration – Osborne – the Queen returned from Windsor, and what Granny says Miss Skerritt used to call a “general acceleration” seemed to me at once to be observable
14Jan1864, Die Or Go Out of Her Mind – Osborne – “One of two things must happen to my sister : I know her. She must either die of this, or go out of her mind.”
16Jan1864, Parkhurst Women Convicts – Osborne – the poor women convicts found out it was the Queen and numbers fell on their knees begging for mercy and pardon, so as quite to upset those who heard them, and the Queen said she was sure, if one had managed to fall down at her feet, she must have forgiven her
17Jan1864, Dining With the Queen – Osborne – the upshot was that the Household went to church on its own account, Ly. Ch. and I being diddled out of half the service by the Queen’s keeping us to go with her for the latter half. And she did not go.
20Jan1864, Dining With the Queen Again, So Sad – Osborne – but it has put before my very eyes something of the sorrow which hitherto I cd only picture to myself ; and this did go deep into my heart.
25Jan1864, Stanley’s Farewell Sermon – London – I read Stanley’s farewell sermon at Oxford (Ch. Ch.). It grieved and shocked me, in spite of great eloquence, earnestness, and feeling
29Jan1864, Dinner at Ld. Russell’s With Dickens – London – We dined at Ld. Russell’s, which was very pleasant. There were there Dickens & Landseer ; neither very pleasant to look at, though one saw wit and genius in Dickens’ odd eyes. Ld. Amberley took me in
01Feb1864, Many Die in Chili – Hagley – The papers are full of the most horrible calamity ever heard of : the burning of 2,000 people, chiefly women and children, wedged together in a great church at Chili
05Feb1864, Parliament Opens Without the Queen – Hagley – One can’t blame the Queen for shrinking from doing it this one year more : even with the Prince by her side, her nervousness used to be nearly overpowering
11Feb1864, Reading The Birthday – Hagley – I put some broth into a can, and told Alfred I shd like him and Newmany to take it into the village.
25Feb1864, A Decision by the Privy Council – Hagley – a mere legal acquittal of men whose opinions the Church has disavowed and protested against as strongly as she is capable of doing
26Feb1864, Made Southerners of Us All – Hagley – A Southern American called Harrington gave a very interesting lecture on the secession and its causes, and made Southerners of us all
02Mar1864, Miss Merlet is Dismissed – Hagley – letter of dismissal to Miss Merlet whose “rapports” between us and the girls are very objectionable, and whose tone of mind and conversation is flippant and sarcastic
03Mar1864, A Relief – Hagley – Miss M. got the letter, we presume ; but she gave no sign of surprise, indignation, or wounded feeling, and was particularly affable at luncheon
07Mar1864, Unutterable Things – Hagley – Miss M. looks unutterable things, but says nothing.
09Mar1864, Jowett’s Greek Professorship – Hagley – vote to raise his salary… furious clergy, frightened by the Privy Council judgment…throws his whole heart into his professorship and is now only paid £40
12Mar1864, Promise of Spring – Hagley – Lovely sunny fresh day, full of the sweet promise of spring
13Mar1864, Good Shooting – Hagley – Did myself good by going out shooting with Charles, the dogs, and the little boys
17Mar1864, A Small Congregation – Hagley – I sat on the octagon bench after church, thoroughly enjoying the dawn of spring. Cong. 1.
18Mar1864, Mrs. Gladstone Very Busy – London – Atie. P. has undertaken to visit a hospital in S. George’s in the E., besides 3 other things. And how is she to do that, and all her own innumerable kind deeds
19Mar1864, Sibyl Grant’s Wedding – London – I being in waiting, failing 2 absent ones, stood on the steps of the Throne, just behind the fat backs of the Dss. of Cambridge and Prss. Mary
04Apr1864, Three Pummelled – Hagley – fell off a horse…expect to feel well pummelled to-morrow. Perhaps, had I been 3 pummelled at the time I shd have stuck on! but I won’t stoop to that
06Apr1864, Dinner and a Party – London – Got here only just in time to scramble into a pink silk gown for a dinner and party
07Apr1864, The Queen’s Peculiar Desolation – London – The Saturday Review the other day had a disagreeable sort of threatening article about the Queen’s maintaining her retirement
08Apr1864, Garibaldi and Red Shirts – London – For Garibaldi is in England, which fact makes everyone stand on their heads ; and I suppose all young ladies will shortly appear in red shirts, which, to my disgust, have come into fashion
09Apr1864, Viewing Herbert’s Painting with Lord F. – London – Atie. P. went with Ld. F. and me to see a fine fresco of Moses showing the Tables of the Law, which Herbert is painting in one of the chambers of the Houses of Parliament
11Apr1864, Garibaldi Arrives – London – it is grand to feel and see the perfect trust that may be placed in the mighty free action of Englishmen and their sympathy with what is high-minded and disinterested
12Apr1864, Luncheon with Garibaldi – London – So I saw the great man close ; and was immensely struck by his simple dignity of manner during the trying process of being introduced to different people
13Apr1864, A Memorable Evening – London – Stafford House, to meet Garibaldi : We went there in the evening. And it was to be a never-to-be-forgotten evening to me.
14Apr1864, Foolish and Bewildered – London – I seem frightened, in spite of the strange happiness. God make it right for me! God guide me in my decision! I am so foolish and bewildered.
15Apr1864, I Am in a New Life – Windsor – At bedtime the dear kind little Duchess took me to her room, and kissed me, and said how good he was. 0 that I may deserve it all!
16Apr1864, My Brothers Visit Windsor – Windsor – I longed to tell them something of my wonderful secret ; but I could only hug them very much.
17Apr1864, Fears Melt Away – Windsor – To-day my doubts and fears (which have been many) began to melt away.
18Apr1864, Luxuries of Royal Travelling – Windsor – I confess I enjoyed considerably the luxuries of Royal travelling and Royal places at the concert.
20Apr1864, Third Waiting Ends – London – Garibaldi dinner and party here. The Duke of Devonshire, Ly. Louisa, Lord Frederic, and Ld. Edward were here. Such a happy evening.
21Apr1864, We Are Engaged – London – We are engaged, and my doubts and fears have been all absorbed in the wonderful happiness and peace.
22Apr1864, Telling Mamma About It – London – I wore the locket to-night, hanging it to darling Mamma’s little pearl chain. It felt to me as if I was telling her about it.
23Apr1864, Deepest Feeling of Happiness – London – He gave me the deepest feeling of happiness I have yet felt, in saying he should like to go with Papa and me to the Holy Communion to-morrow.
24Apr1864, Visiting the Duke – London – we went to Devonshire House, where even the being taken to the Duke’s study didn’t much frighten me
25Apr1864, First Letter to Fred – Osborne – The Queen was as kind as possible to me: saying as she kissed me, “I must congratulate you, but I must scold you a little too!”
26Apr1864, First Letter From Him – Osborne – I received my first letter from him: such a dear one! grave and simple, like himself. It makes it all very real to me. What paper is it written upon but a Privy Council Office sheet, reminding me of the Garibaldi entry day?
29Apr1864, Fourth Waiting Continues – Osborne – The Queen asked if F. wd come and see me at Windsor: I had no notion it wd be allowed: O how nice it wd be!
02May1864, Springtide in My Heart – Osborne – A day with a great hole in it, for there came no letter from F., owing no doubt to the tiresome Sunday post.
03May1864, A Model Love Letter – Osborne – Among my congratulations this morning came, to my great astonishment, a love-lorn farewell in verse from a poor little man called P., who I had no notion cared about me ! I laughed till I nearly cried over it, and couldn’t resist sending it to Fred, as a model for his further letters.
04May1864, A Golden Day – Osborne – Ld. Granville brought Fred (who is his private secretary: have I ever said so?) with him.
05May1864, Sweet Converse – Osborne – F. came to breakfast ; Life felt a little flat after he had vanished.
07May1864, Poor Princess Helena – Osborne – I am much distressed about poor Prss. Helena who is cruelly overworked, the Queen having no notion how her mind and body are strained, and indeed having no one to take her place.
08May1864, No Chaperon, Heathenish – Osborne – this was all my church-going, for there was no getting a chaperon in the aftn rain
09May1864, I Like Royal Travelling Excedingly! – Windsor – I left Osborne with all the “serrement de Coeur” that such a good-bye to a place full of associations can give. I daresay I shall never see it again.
10May1864, Shoppums Finds Lockets for the Bridesmaids – Windsor – Talked trousseau-ums and saw my wedding presents (wonderful sound!).
11May1864, The Queen’s Second Court – London – peering about for me in vain for a long time. But at last I caught his eye; and it was so very pleasant to see his dear face light up when that happened!
12May1864, My Last Regal Journey – Windsor – F. and I went to be photographed together by Mr. Window. I fear we shall look like fools.
12May1864, My Last Regal Journey – Windsor – F. and I went to be photographed together by Mr. Window. I fear we shall look like fools.
13May1864, Good-byes are Sad Matters – Windsor – the Queen sent for me to say good-bye… She kissed me again and again, saying she thought and felt the more for me because I had no mother.
14May1864, Back Home at Hagley – Hagley – I can’t write much to-night : all feels strange and altered to me, and my heart is rather heavy.
15May1864, Peace and Brightness – Hagley – We received the Holy Communion together in my own dear church. Afterwards sat on octagon bench; quite silent, but how happy!
16May1864, Ride to Kinver Edge – Hagley – We came to the hurdle whereat I tumbled off, and F. wouldn’t let me try again, which indeed I rather “funked.”
18May1864, His Funny Inability – Hagley – Fred read aloud to me, with fervour and feeling enough to counteract the slight disadvantage of his funny inability to pronounce either “r” or “th,”
20May1864, I Did District for the Last Time – Hagley – But I can’t write about this last day at home. The last time I shall sleep in this little room!
22May1864, He Has Music In Him – Hagley – played him some hymn tunes, which he liked enough to show me he has music in him. [FN: A romantic delusion! (added later).]
24May1864, Luncheon at Devonshire House – London – took me to luncheon at Devonshire House, which I was glad of in spite of being rather shy, as it got me over some more first steps of acquaintance.
26May1864, Did a Shy Thing – London – Did a shy thing in the evening : dined all by myself at Devn. House, meeting only the Duke, Ly. Louisa, F., and Ld. Edward. They were kind and nice
27May1864, Bewilderment – London – At times the bewilderment of all the unknown new clothes, and the vague state of mind I get into as to where they will all go to, and what new place I myself am going to,
30May1864, Riding the Donkey-cart – London – some hitch in fly-orders resulted in a necessity for some couple or other to go to the station in the donkey-cart! It was decided that F. and I were the least likely to mind
05Jun1864, Gifts from Papa – London – On the transverse, my new name, which I can’t yet write ; then : “From her loving Father, June 7th, 1864. In Memory and in Hope.”
07Jun1864, Our Wedding Day – Chiswick – Our wedding day. I cannot write about it. I can only look backwards with loving regret, and forward with bright but trembling hope.
09Jun1864, My Pretty New Name – Chiswick – I have received my first letters with my pretty new name, from Atie. P., M., Agnes, and At. C. We have begun “Westward Ho!”
10Jun1864, Spouting Literature – Chiswick – We sat out, spouted “In Memoriam” ; and he, to me, Canning’s “Letter from Lord Russell to Lord Cavendish,” which was after F.’s own heart, with its liberty and patriotism-ums.
11Jun1864, Smashing the Ice – Bolton – drove back to London. We went first to Devonshire House, where we saw the Duke, Lou and Eddy (I may as well smash the ice at once !)
13Jun1864, A Summer Saunter – Bolton – After luncheon we set off to go to Simon’s Seat, I riding a fat dun pony, F. walking. Can it be me I am writing about?
14Jun1864, Honeymoon Books – Bolton – We have at last tackled to at some books F. chose for the honeymoon : rather an odd trio ! Carlyle’s “Fr. Revolution,” Butler’s “Analogy,” and “Westward Ho!”
17Jun1864, His American Life – Bolton – F. told me about his American life, and how he killed 2 buffaloes, which made me proud of him!
18Jun1864, Off in an Open Fly and Pair – Bolton – We set off in an open fly and pair soon after 10½, and drove up the valley past Borden and Grass Wood, to Elmsey Crag, and then to Gordale.
21Jun1864, And So Ends Our Honeymoon – Bolton – When all my own people had gone, and I found myself left in this big house with Cavendishes, I underwent my first actual feeling of home-sickness.
23Jun1864, Ice in June – A Princely Idea – Brussels – for dinner we two had soup, fish, beef, cutlets, chicken, salad, ice!!!! Steps must be taken to cut down these princely ideas.
24Jun1864, Honeymoon Part 2 Continues – Cologne – I am great audience to the wonderful, clear, bright atmosphere, and all the manners and customs. We have bought two cases of eau-de-Cologne, which I trust will turn out the genuine thing.
26Jun1864, Dissolution Anxiety – Mayence – Looking into another church, we found service going on in German, and the crowded congregation responding loudly in Litany fashion ; a thing I did not know was usual in R. C. services, at which the cong. generally only assists.
29Jun1864, To Earth With a Bump – Rigi – We came upstairs after the table d’hôte, and laughed till we ached at some charming snobs who sat opposite to us at dinner. So cold, we sat in cloaks.
30Jun1864, A Day in the Mountains – Rigi – it was very lovely to see the giant peaks brightening one after the other, and those in the W. catching the faint pink reflection
01Jul1864, Travel Plans Get Complicated – Engelberg – maid unfit to move until Monday, vote of want of confidence isn’t to come off till Monday, seemed impossible to get away from Lucerne so as to fit in a church-going place for Sunday.
02Jul1864, Through Alpine Snow – Meyringen – such deep patches of snow that I walked the rest of the way. We were often up to our knees, ascending considerably all the time, and I am not a little proud of my first great mountain-climb.
05Jul1864, No More Maidlessness – Thun – Then by fly and steamboat through Interlaken to Thun, where it was a little refreshing after 4 days’ maidlessness, makeshifts, and packing for oneself, to find Holffmann and Morgan
07Jul1864, Walked, Ridden, Driven, and Railwayd – Martigny – Here we walked up a moderately high, but nearly perpendicular hill, and enjoyed a sight of Lake Leman and some noble mountain-tops ; then had dinner, and went on by railway to Martigny
09Jul1864, Bits of Coleridge – Chamounix – Spouted to Fred some bits of Coleridge’s “Hymn in the Vale of Chamounix,” which he liked.
10Jul1864, No Dissolution! – Chamounix – Behold ! a telegram from the Duke, with the news that there will be no dissolution, Government having a majority of 18. This evening F. has spouted to me Layard’s admirable defence of Ld. Russell’s policy
20Jul1864, A Fairy-land Dream – Stresa – The palace and terraces, the glorious tropic flowers and trees, and the all-surrounding loveliness of the view from the island, was like a Fairy-land dream
29Jul1864, Back to Devonshire House – London – Devonshire House is a little wonderful to arrive at! Greatly we appreciated cream, chops that were mutton, toast, brown bread!
30Jul1864, Return to Hagley – Hagley – We arrived about 7, and were greeted by a village reception, as M. was. Cheers, flags, and triumphal arches and an address read by Stephens. It all went deep into me
05Aug1864, Learning Glynnese Glossary – Hagley – I had a capital ride with Lavinia and Bob. Butler, Carlyle, and Glynnese Glossary [FN: For which see Appendix A..] with Fred!
08Aug1864, Home to Fred’s Home – Holker – holding my hand, said, “My friends, I thank you for yr hearty welcome of my wife home to Holker.” How they cheered!
09Aug1864, A Day Without Fred – Holker – She took me about the house, and I made acquaintance with Fred’s old room, her sitting-room, the Duke’s, etc., and looked at the pictures of them all done when they were children
12Aug1864, First Day’s Grouse Shooting – Bolton – receiving with Lou a visit from the Robinsons, she and I drove in the pony-carriage to Brass Castle and had luncheon with the shooters, prostrate grouse at our feet
19Aug1864, The Fat World and a Pamphlet by Banting – Bolton – All the fat world are dieting themselves with wonderful thinning effect after a plan recommended in a pamphlet by Mr. Banting, whose name is already shining in the firmament of fame.
28Aug1864, A Book by Newman – Bolton – reading the evening 2nd Lesson and Psalms, and a little “Christian Year.” Before luncheon I read him Tennyson’s new poem, “Enoch Arden,” which we both liked extremely : I think I shd put it next to “Guinevere.”
31Aug1864, The Poor People Were Charming – Bolton – The poor people we saw were charming… I announced that I cd not bake oatcake. “Ay, ye’re nobbut a young wife.”
September, Age 23
07Sep1864, My Past, My Present, and My Future – Holker – how little I can tell or conjecture how much I may be altered, and how much may have happened, before the end !
10Sep1864, Refinements of Whist – Holker – Whist in the evening : I am getting some gleams of light about its refinements, to my satisfaction.
12Sep1864, A Lovely Ride – Holker – F. and I, Lou and Eddy, had a lovely ride “round by Bigland,” whence the view over the Lake mountains was beautiful
13Sep1864, Jarring Civilities in a Church – Holker – it was jarring, to say the least of it, to have prayers, civilities, sermon, blessing “God save the Queen,” a speech from the incumbent, vociferous cheers and laughter from the crowd, in the church
21Sep1864, Former Beaux Engaged – Holker – F. and I have had much fun over this state of things ; for both the swains have formerly a little made up to me, and Ly. Stanley tried hard to hook Fred for one or other of the damsels!
21Sep1864, To Furness Abbey – Holker – Thence, after a sumptuous luncheon, to lionize the iron and steel works (the latter F. is concerned with), the new dock, etc., of Barrow
02Oct1864, A Day of Much Happiness – Holker – Had happy Sunday reading and talking together ; showed my Fred a beautiful prayer by Jeremy Taylor for married people to say for each other.
04Oct1864, Ducal Circumstances – Hardwick – Fred and I came here alone, under the ducal circumstances of a special train, twenty-two servants, 6 horse-boxes, and two carriages.
05Oct1864, A Good Deal of Reading – Hardwick – We did a good deal of reading: Butler on Personal Identity, Mill “On Liberty”, a little bit of Carlyle
08Oct1864, A Long Tour – Hardwick – I saw at last what I have always imagined as an ideal forest, enormous trees with room to spread wide their arms, and their trunks not smothered in brushwood, but springing from a carpet of bracken
09Oct1864, Overwhelmed and Aghast – Hardwick – on the terrible subject of Future Punishment, …which is just now discussd even in newspapers, many questioning the Eternity of punishment.
12Oct1864, A Game of Breathless Interest – Hardwick – I was beaten once at croquet, after which a game of breathless interest, closely contested, ended in my favour.
13Oct1864, Return to Devonshire House – London – I think Devonshire House will always bring back to me my rather awful visits to it before our marriage.
14Oct1864, Sniffing After Houses – London – We had a solemn interview with Mr. Currey, an excellent fat factotum of the Duke’s, who has been sniffing after houses
15Oct1864, Above and Below the Mark – London – The melancholy result is the condemnation of both houses, Curzon Street as not being up to the mark, C. H. T. as being above it.
19Oct1864, Selling at a Bazaar – Hardwick – I did what I little thought to do again at all—least of all as a sham charity — helped to sell at a bazaar.
21Oct1864, A Visit from Meriel and a Ball – Hardwick – What should we go to, the Duke, Lou, F., and I, but a ball at Chesterfield! I rather hoped not to dance, but no such thing
26Oct1864, Return to Chatsworth – Chatsworth – I needn’t describe my curious feelings on coming to this stately place as my Fred’s wife.
27Oct1864, Fred Goes to London – Chatsworth – My first separation from my Fred, who went up to London (with the Duke and John) for 1 night for a Furness railway meeting.
28Oct1864, Fred Returns Home – Chatsworth – Capped verses after dinner, almost up to the time that, hearing certain sounds, I peeped out of the tea-room, and saw my Fred marching up the hall, about 10¼.
29Oct1864, A Catalogue of Pictures – Chatsworth – We began discussing a wonderful catalogue of the pictures which I am to undertake.
04Nov1864, Sir Joseph Paxton Dined – Chatsworth – a walk with all the womankind, Beatrice looks very ill, Sir Joseph and Lady Paxton dined.
08Nov1864, An Excellent Lecture – Chatsworth – Instead of Butler, Fred finished to me a very thoughtful, earnest, and, I think, excellent lecture by the Bishop of London
10Nov1864, Came Down Plump After Running – Chatsworth – I thought proper to have a run down one of the gravel walks, and catching my foot in my crinoline, came down plump, and broke both my knees!
16Nov1864, Fred Away Again – Chatsworth – My Fred went away for three nights, and though I know that isn’t really endless, yet it feels like a great separation
17Nov1864, Time Crawls – Chatsworth – The time crawls ; to that degree that I dated a letter the 18th to-day, thinking 2 nights must have passed !
19Nov1864, Sunshine Has Come Back – Chatsworth – My sunshine has come back to me ! Freddy turnd up about 1½, a little glad, I do believe, to see me again
01Dec1864, A Visit from Sutherlands – Chatsworth – The Duke and Duchess of Sutherland and a pug came. I cuddled rather with Lady Blanche, who is very nice.
02Dec1864, The House is Ours – Chatsworth – The C. H. T. house is ours !
04Dec1864, A Year Ago – Chatsworth – This day last year Papa and I arrived at Chatsworth, and I had my memorable Church argument with “Ld. Frederick Cavendish” at dinner !
09Dec1864, Another Lovely Morning – Chatsworth – Some of us went to the kennels, where are a bewildering number of violent black dogs.
13Dec1864, Decorating the House – London – Thence to our splendid mansion, No. 21 Carlton House Terrace, where we met my old Meriel and Mrs. Talbot, and Trollope, the builder-and-furnisher’s man.
15Dec1864, A Reproach to the Queen – Hagley – One of the Times’ peculiarly ill-judged lectures to the Queen, which might have been spared her, considering the many little ways in which this year she has lessened her retirement.
16Dec1864, Future Bishop Talbot – Hagley – a nice walk with Edward Talbot, who strikes one immensely with his thoughtful, powerful mind, coupled with such heartfelt, earnest reverence and deep feeling. I think he must turn out great.
20Dec1864, The Story of Lefevre – Hagley – Mr. Brookfield spouted in the barn ” The Merchant of Venice ” and the story of Lefevre with great success.
22Dec1864, A Begging Errand – Hagley – I wrote to Cavendish!!! on a small begging errand of Mrs. Otley’s. Played billiards with Aunt E. and beat her.
25Dec1864, Cavendish Answers – Hagley – Cavendish answered my letter, to my infinite pride and satisfaction.
26Dec1864, We Kept Christmas – Hagley – We kept Christmas in the technical sense ; viz., general holyday and monster dinner of all the creatures—counting Fred, we make up the dozen



02Jan1865, The Pope’s Encyclical – Holker – The Pope has put forth an Encyclical letter denouncing and condemning all possible inquiry and thought, to a degree that it is supposed will make all intelligent Roman Catholics stand aghast.
16Jan1865, Hare Hunting – Holker – F. went hare hunting on foot : a most Holkerish proceeding !
19Jan1865, Dear Old Bodies – Holker – Lou gave to 3 old ladies a charming shawl apiece, which she has crocheted.
23Jan1865, Conscience Clause – Holker – which is to provide that if it is desired by the parents, they may be excluded from the religious teaching. I am in a wood about it, Papa being con, Freddy pro.
27Jan1865, Skating with Great Enjoyment – Holker – Unable to stand looking at the skating any longer without feeling of envy, I put on the articles, and staggered and floundered about with great enjoyment
28Jan1865, Advanced to the Stage of Clumsy – Holker – Ice the order of the day again. I advanced to the stage of clumsy, spasmodic self-propelling, diversified by tumbles, and supported by a stick.
30Jan1865, Kingsley’s The Water Babies – Holker – read to them the beginning to Kingsley’s mad book “The Water Babies” : the only comprehensible part ; the rest being an entangled jumble of allegory, fairy-tale, and natural history—very dream-like and crazy.
03Feb1865, Reading Hume and Lingard – Holker – read the memoir of Hume to-day : it was flesh-creepy to discern the soullessness and irreligion of the man, and his ghastly cheerfulness and indifference up to his dying moment.
17Feb1865, We Dined at Lord Russell’s – London – We dined at Lord Russell’s ; it amused me immensely to go to dinner with Fred ! It was pleasant. Met several people
19Feb1865, Hearing Mr. F.D. Maurice Preach – London – We went to hear the famous Mr. Maurice, If one had not known of his startling, peculiar opinions, I think one would have seen nothing in his sermon but what any Christian might agree with.
20Feb1865, Furniture Shopping – London – Also we showed off the house to the Duke who was much pleased with it. F. and I dined very pleasantly at Ld. Granville’s,
24Feb1865, From Euston Square to Hyde Park in 17 Minutes – Latimer – Went headlong in a hansom to Euston Square from Hyde Park Corner in 17 minutes ; and here we are, in a very pretty house, with Gladstones…
25Feb1865, The Bishop Held a Confirmation – Latimer – I can’t say I ever saw, till to-day, a Confirmation really impressively and strikingly done. But the Bishop of Oxford has always excelled in this respect
27Feb1865, Ladies’ Diocesan Association Inaugural Meeting – London – I hope to undertake small things ; one is to be what they call a “supplemental lady” for the Parochial Mission Women Institution
05Mar1865, At a Play with the Wales’s – London – A little “doment” with a French play at Ld. Granville’s, who had got the Wales’s: the Prince astonishingly fat, the Princess looking lovely, tho’ she is to be confined this summer.
08Mar1865, More Work with Parochial Mission – London – to St. Anne’s, Limehouse, where we attended one of the “Mothers’ Meetings” of the Parochial Mission there ; and I was introduced to Miss Lilby, the Lady Superintendent who is to have me to apply to
10Mar1865, St. Anne’s Mission and Diamonds on My Head – London – Mr. Rousel mentioned a terrible case of a struggling curate, so poor at best that he could not have a fire in his house, or eat meat, for days together ; and now with his large family in the scarlet fever
11Mar1865, North and Sourth Discussion – London – Major Anson and Fred had a furious N. and S. [FN: I.e. North and South : the American War.] discussion ; F. got the best of it !
12Mar1865, To the Sick Ward – London – The look of the ward certainly takes away all romantic notions of ministration ; everything most uncomely and meagre, and some of the poor old folk repulsive enough
13Mar1865, North and South Against Us – London – there is a notion that the American War must shortly end (the South being exhausted, and having just lost Charleston and Wilmington) and that then both parties will unite against us.
14Mar1865, The Duke Calls Me Lucy – London – (N.B. The Duke called me Lucy yesterday to my face for the first time!)
16Mar1865, Cavendish Up on His Facts – London – To the House, where after an hour and a quarter of dreadful dulness I heard Cavendish speak on Army Estimates.
17Mar1865, Lady Manageress Pounces on Countess Spencer – London – I went to London House, with a brigade of Associated Ladies. Charlotte Spencer came for the first time and was immediately pounced upon
20Mar1865, Bishop Gray and Bishop Colenso – London – most bewildering facts : viz. that the colonial Bishops (except in Crown Colonies) are not in legal possession of their sees, the Queen having arbitrarily granted them patents
21Mar1865, No Ball: Fred Gloveless – London – ordering the prettiest, most comfortable brougham in the world…We discovered that a ball was to follow but shrunk off, I being in velvet, and F. gloveless!
23Mar1865, Joyful Hope Withheld – London – Sibyl Ryder is expecting a baby : I trust she will get well through it, but she used to be very delicate. That wonderful, joyful hope has hitherto been withheld from me
26Mar1865, Selecting a Parish Church – London – We went to St. Martin’s in the morning … we have decided, it being our future parish church, to take sittings in it for ourselves and servants.
29Mar1865, Gladstone Supports Dillwyn on Irish Church – London – My very faith in the Church makes me sure that its continuance is in no need of being insured by being forced down the exasperated throats of Romanists numbering 7/10ths of the population.
30Mar1865, Odiousness of the Pew System – London – We went and did the deed of taking seats for ourselves and servants at St. Martin’s ; and were considerably disgusted by the drive-a-good-bargain fashion in which the official did it
05Apr1865, Doing a Stakenbridge – Hagley – Actually did my poor Stakenbridge after luncheon …. People very nice and dear and cordial at the sight of me.
10Apr1865, Travelling to Lismore – Hagley – The descent to Lismore seemed to me marvellously beautiful and like a fairy-tale
15Apr1865, Five Shillings a Week – Lismore – Horrid accounts of the poverty of the people : some families live on five shillings a week.
17Apr1865, American War to be Ended – Lismore – Richmond has just been taken by the Federals, and the war is supposed to be ended. Lady Herbert to the Church of Rome.
20Apr1865, Wonderfully Few Casualties – Lismore – Divers neighbours dined, including old Dr. Fogarty, the R. C. priest, who spat on the carpet.
21Apr1865, I am Still Happier Now – Lismore – I spent a good deal of time thinking over my last 21st of April : F. coming to the clever breakfast, but not sitting by me, and looking a little white and odd
22Apr1865, We All Rowed, Even the Duke – Lismore – We all rowed at one time or another… Household cares are beginning with us : Ross and some of the servants are in the mansion
24Apr1865, Delighted With the Girls Reading – Lismore – Nearly all the female inhabitants of Botany turned out in front of their houses, and fervently blessed Lou as we passed.
25Apr1865, Making Talk and Receiving Butter – Lismore – It was wonderfully good of the Duke to undergo what of all things he hates most : a long series of making talk, and receiving butter of the most fulsome description
26Apr1865, President Lincoln is Murdered – Chester – Were shocked and aghast beyond measure, Fred especially, at the terrible news of the murder of President Lincoln, placarded in the streets.
01May1865, Commons and Lords Discuss the Murder – London – heard Sir George Grey move, and Dizzy second, both in very good, suitable speeches, a resolution of sympathy with the United States.
03May1865, An Old Prosaic Couple – London – called on Mrs. Milbank, who is to be my Prime Minister in the getting up of the horrid Yorkshire quadrille…F. shrunk off early to his Cosmopolitan club ! Shows me we are getting a humdrum old prosaic couple.
04May1865, Reform Bill and Pre-Raphaeliteism – London – Mr. Lowe made me agree with him, which is sad, as wicked Radical Fred is all for the £6 franchise. But if Uncle William, as is expected, makes a good rattling speech on the other side, I shall probably go comfortably round.
05May1865, The Bishop’s Children – London – his little children are so brought up in the midst of work for the poor, that one of the tiny girls was heard saying : “When I am six, I shall have a ward to visit !”
08May1865, Our Own New Home – London – One of the great days of our life : the day of taking possession of our own new home.
09May1865, Family Prayers – London – Our first family prayers ; all the servants attending. My Fred read a beautiful prayer of his own. We chose the 3rd Col. and the 2 first verses of the 4th to read
10May1865, Underservants Minus Crinoline – London – I am triumphant at starting the underservants minus crinoline during their work! Did shopping for the drawing-rooms with Lou
12May1865, Constance Kent Confesses – London – The papers are pretty full of Constance Kent’s confession of the Road murder…a girl of sixteen stifling, stabbing and cutting the throat of her little half-brother of 4
16May1865, Potations of Sal-volatile – London – My cold still makes a haggard object of me, the more because I have grown thin. I took divers potations of sal-volatile, which is a new remedy.
17May1865, Maid Troubles – London – The kitchen-maid turns out sick and incapable ; the upperhousemaid pert, fine, and lazy. Woe is me !
18May1865, Princess Helena Holds a Drawing-room – London – I went in gorgeous array of white lace (my wdding lace) and white moiré train, with my beautiful diamond tiara on my head, and felt every inch a married woman.
19May1865, Walking Unchaperoned – London – I went to St. James’ at 11 ; enjoy the privilege of walking unchaperoned in the morning. Visits, visits in the afternoon : I don’t see when they will end. Everybody out.
20May1865, Dined at Lord Wharncliffe’s – London – a short account of ten events
21May1865, Sunday Shopping – London – Workhouse… One poor dying woman entreated me to send her a few biscuits, the only thing she could fancy eating; so I did a little Sunday shopping for the 1st time in my life.
22May1865, Charles and Willy Might Stand – London – Dear old Charles dined with us : a proposal has been made to put him up for the county against Messrs. Knight and Lygon,
23May1865, Proportional Representation Just a Dream – London – All the political talk nowadays is of extended franchise ; and F. is rather full of an astonishing brand-new plan of Hare’s [FN: The original scheme of Proportional Representation.]…Uncle W. thought his plan somewhat of a dream.
24May1865, Sunday Jackets but Rather Bored – London – Queen’s birthday… The girls came to luncheon with us, and with me to Waterloo House for Sunday jackets like old times !
27May1865, An Amusing Party with the Palmerston’s – London – Wound up with Lady Pam’s [FN: Lady Palmerston.] ; an amusing party ; Lord P. looked very old and stiff and shaky.
28May1865, Servants go to Church – London – St. Martin’s, where I had the pleasure of seeing 4 of our servants file into their pew.
29May1865, A Visit to Stafford House – London – What should happen this very night but a proposal ! Lord Henry Scott [FN: Afterwards 1st Lord Montagu.] to Cissy Wortley . He has loved her for 10 years
30May1865, Eddy and Emma Engaged – London – He squeezed my hands, and said, “Do you think (fink) I shall make a good husband? and that we shall be as happy as you are?”
31May1865, A Visit to Sir J. Paxton – London – His little house under the shadow of his great Palace was lovely with verandah and garden : and married daughters with him.
01Jun1865, Transatlantic Cable – London – 1,800 miles of which are coiled up on board the Great Eastern … I have brought home a bit of the electric cord ; it is about the thickness of my middle finger, and consists of 7 copper wires enclosed in 5 layers of gutta-percha.
02Jun1865, We Shut Them Up Together – Chatsworth – We went to Lady Caroline’s and told Eddy and Emmy to come to luncheon with us….We shut them up together in the empty drawing-room, where I think they were tolerably happy.
03Jun1865, Chatsworth in June – Chatsworth – This place in autumn, beautiful as I thought it in 3 successive Novembers, gave me no notion of what it would be in June.
06Jun1865, Eddy Visits the Queen – Chatsworth – Eddy came, looking very bright and dear: says the Queen and Princess Helena have been very kind and cordial; but the poor Queen says, as soon as anyone thoroughly suits and pleases her, she marries!
08Jun1865, Family at Hawarden – Hawarden – It is a year and a half since my last memorable visit here… There is a halo round the recollection, as round so many others ! I believe I haven’t slept in this house since 1854, when I was 13 ; and everyone was full of the Crimean War.
12Jun1865, Flowers for the Workhouse Bodies – London – We picked a good load of daisies and clover for my poor old workhouse bodies ; and I bore off besides a lovely nosegay of other flowers.
13Jun1865, Fields Cleared of Hay – London – Hotter again. We saw field after field cleared of hay on our journey up. Lord Richard came to breakfast, and brought us lovely pinks and roses from Chislehurst.
14Jun1865, Busy Day in London – London – Lou and Adéle d’Henin came to luncheon ; the Gladstone girls, Granny, Julia Robartes, and the Arthur Ellisons called, and all were great audience.
15Jun1865, Wrong Hour for Service – London – Went to All Saints’ at the wrong hour for service, but remained there for quite 20 minutes, which was very nice.
16Jun1865, Another Fall from a Horse – London – I was on Revolver, and the ill-behaved old fellow chose to come flop down on his knees at the end of a foolish gambol, rolled on his side, and deposited me on the ground. It is my 3rd tumble
17Jun1865, Visiting Lord Richard – Chislehurst – At ½ past 4 we set off for Chislehurst which it interests me to see. Uncle Richard and his dog Maida (descended from Sir W. Scott’s) received us very kindly.
18Jun1865, No Afternoon Sermon – Chislehurst – Grey and rather chilly all day. But we had a very pleasant, pretty afternoon walk to Lord Sydney’s fine park. The church close by Lord Richard’s garden
19Jun1865, Getting Mourning Clothes – London – Drove about getting mourning (4th since my marriage) for a great-uncle-in-law, Lord Charles Fitzroy.
20Jun1865, Our First Real Dinner – London – I fussed and fidgeted a good deal all day under the anticipation of our First Real Dinner Party ; arranged flowers, mused over the bill of fare, contemplated the table, displayed china, likewise did books..
21Jun1865, Encountered Great Swells – London – We drove about paying some of the monster bills incident to setting up house. We much fear the total of the furnishing, including linen, crockery, and kitchen apparatus, will be quite £3,000.
22Jun1865, Alice Arbuthnot Killed by Lightening – London – Lord Granville, who had been expected, wrote to say that he had that moment heard of the death of his niece Alice Arbuthnot — killed by lightning ; at Interlachen, as they were coming home from their wedding tour.
23Jun1865, Granny Reads a Picture Book – London – To St. St., where Great-Granny was entertaining with a picture-book little George and Mary. Dined there, and chaperoned Aunt C. afterwards to Ly. Windsor’s.
24Jun1865, Be Civil to the Constituents – London – He especially flattered me by strongly advising that I should go with my Fred into the Division during the autumn that we might be civil to the constituents. I wrote the necessary troll to F. instantly
26Jun1865, Two Letters – London – Two letters from my Fred gladdened my eyes, and brightened up the day. He wrote the 1st before 7½ on Saturday morning, hoping it might reach me that evening ; 0 so dear of him.
28Jun1865, Althorp Pays Uncle Spencer’s Debts – London – one doesn’t know how she has the heart to go out ; for Uncle Spencer has had one of his turf smashes, and though kind, good Althorp has paid, he is to go abroad for an indefinite time
29Jun1865, Electionums – London – Gladstones were there ; really what with N.W. Riding, E. Sussex, Oxford, Chester, and Malmesbury, I may be said indeed to have the electionums.
30Jun1865, “Israel in Egypt” at the Crystal Palace – London – had the great treat of hearing the “Israel in Egypt” (that is, about 3/4ths of it, being late) at the Crystal Palace.
01Jul1865, Nevy Returns to Hagley – London – I came back at 5½ to say good-bye to Nevy, who went to Hagley. He has been most delightful and companionable, what with his fun, his cleverness, his pleasant, good tone, and his love of music, which has resulted in the mansion echoing with all sorts, parts, and fragments of song and anthem.
02Jul1865, At Church with a Roman Catholic – London – All Saints, where I sat by a poor woman, who said she was a Roman Catholic, and that “you Puseyites are almost the same as Catholics” ; to which I demurred.
04Jul1865, Duke of Newcastle and His Miserable Daughter – London – Also saw dear Miss Dennett, now a little old lady, with traces in her worn face of the wretched life she must have had, striving to make peace between the poor Duke of Newcastle in his fatal anger and mismanagement, and his miserable daughter,
05Jul1865, First Catch Your Hare – London – Had the accountums in the morning ; find we have spent £121 (inclusive of a good many small extras) on housekeeping since we set up. This I must cut down !
07Jul1865, A Good Drawing in Punch – London – There has been an exceedingly good drawing in Punch of “Mamma Russell and Mamma Gladstone” (the statesmen, in bonnets) teaching their respective babies to walk, alluding to Lord Amberley and Willy standing for Leeds and Chester.
09Jul1865, Very Honeylunar – Bolton – We sat much in the dear little stone court before the house ; also on the terrace ; and walked to the Strid. Very honeylunar ! Read Goulburn, Keble, Thomas à Kempis ; all 3 with my Fred.
12Jul1865, Mill and Hughes Return – Bolton – F. is over the moon at divers Liberals having been returned in London ; especially Mill the philosopher and Hughes the author of “Tom Brown.” Mill’s return notable from his having refused either to solicit votes or to spend a farthing himself. .
13Jul1865, Up to the Ears in Electionums – Headingley – poor Lord Amberley being beaten rather hollow, Alas ! alas ! poor old John is beaten hollow at Malmesbury. Willy has come in for Chester, which I am glad of.
14Jul1865, Polling for Oxford – Headingley – The Oxford polling has begun ; Uncle W. a little below Hardy, but only a few hundred votes are yet polled. It is frightfully close. My poor Fred had the speechums a little.
15Jul1865, Fred is Elected, Lou is Engaged – Headingley – First, my Fred’s election (unopposed) as one of the members for the new N. division of the W. Riding…But all this is eclipsed by the news that greeted us here. Captain Egerton has written to the Duke asking to be allowed to ask Lou to marry him
16Jul1865, The Duke Invites the Captain – Chatsworth – I came down first to breakfast, and, the Duke arriving next, I had the courage to speak of the great news, and to say something of what the loss to him must be.
17Jul1865, This Horrible Interloper – Chatsworth – Captain Egerton turning up this afternoon and spending an incomprehensibly long time with Lou in the stately garden. Oh, dear me ! I could fancy the statues looking out of spirits at the sight of this horrible interloper! but it is all right and good and happy.
18Jul1865, Uncle William Not Returned – Chatsworth – I build Castles in the air of Uncle W. Prime Minister, with Cavendish Secretary of War, Freddy Chancellor of the Exchequer, and Eddy Home Secretary [FN: This bold prophecy was nearly fulfilled.
19Jul1865, On Terms of Great Intimacy – Chatsworth – We three drove to Eyam, tucking a big R.N. Captain into the little dicky of the p. carriage beside Lou; the said man and I are already on terms of great intimacy and mutual quizzing.
20July1865, No-poperyums – Chatsworth – The Royal Navy went away, Lou driving him to the station ; a very improper proceeding….Late in the evening came Cavendish, with hopeful accounts of U. Wm.’s S. Lancashire prospects.
22Jul1865, Constance Kent Pled Guilty – Chatsworth – Constance Kent has pled Guilty, and been condemned to death, but will, I believe, certainly not be hung.
23Jul1865, Sir Lacaita Reads “Cinque Maggio” – Chatsworth – I made Sir James [FN: Sir James Lacaita who was Librarian at Chatsworth. The “Cinque Maggio” is, of course, the famous poem of Manzoni on the death of Napoleon.] read us the “Cinque Maggio,”
27Jul1865, Back Home to Hagley – Hagley – The Duke, Lou, and Frank arrived by the same train as we did. Oh, how entirely mad and inside-out I felt ! half receiving them at Hagley, and half being a guest like them
28Jul1865, Idle But Moving Thoughts – Hagley – moving thoughts cross one from time to time, of how it would please and interest darling Mamma to come down to us again for a little while, just to see the changes; which, thank God, have been mostly such happy ones.
02Aug1865, Happy Expectation – London – Went to bed pretty tired, with the happy expectation of seeing my Fred turn up about 4 a.m.
03Aug1865, Eddy and Emma are Married – London – Which he did. Dear Eddy and Emma’s wedding-day
08Aug1865, No Longer Terrified of the Duke – Holker – I think the Duke is a little fond of me now, and at all events I have ceased to be terrified at him! I am sure it is a break to him when F. and I turn up.
10Aug1865, Investing in Haematite – Holker – Would that I could see any prospect of mastering either railwayums or Haematiteums enough to be properly interested !
15Aug1865, Reading ‘Policial Economy’ and ‘Arabia’ – Bolton – Womankind drove in 2 vehicles, and walked, to the Strid, the Valley of Desolation, and round by Barden. The waterfall was at its best, foaming and leaping down : the bottled-porter colour exactly !
16Aug1865, Unpolished Ways Preferred to Semi-Gentility – Bolton – paid visits to 10 cottages : the folk at Halton most pleasant, attractive people, their nice unpolished ways a good deal more to my taste than Worcestersh. propriety and semi-gentility.
19Aug1865, The Great Crook Rise Day – Bolton – The sport was glorious, and the total the biggest ever known here : viz. 2502 brace. Fred’s was the 3rd best bag : 37½ brace. We did not dine till 9.
20Aug1865, Cake in our Pockets – Bolton – Drove to call on Mrs. Holmes and Mrs. Benson, the latter of whom treated us to gooseberry wine and sponge cake. We disposed of most of the cake into our pockets surreptitiously.
25Aug1865, More Birds Killed – Bolton – It was Crook Rise again to-day, and still more birds were killed : about 508. F. the 2nd biggest bag : 68.
28Aug1865, Cattle Epidemic, Nevy at Sea – Bolton – The Duke had to go to a Skipton meeting, with a view to taking steps about the frightful new cattle epidemic which is spreading over the country.
30Aug1865, Bleak Stories in the News – Bolton – fearful cholera ravages, Constance Kent, a trade of killing babies, breaking one of its bones daily, a man has killed his wife
September, Age 24
03Sep1865, Eastern Church Communion – Bolton – Some of the Eastern Church have lately admitted English Churchmen to Communion : a blessed thing. No Holy Communion here to-day, alas !
04Sep1865, More News on the Atlantic Cable – Bolton – Have I ever mentioned what was amiss with the Atlantic cable? It broke in mid-Atlantic, from fraying against a part of the machinery, while being hauled in to mend a fault
05Sep1865, My Old Birthday – Bolton – I am not quite ½ way to 30 from 20, which proves that I am not so old as might be. And being married has in some ways made me feel younger
07Sep1865, Cavendish Sees Our Room – Holker – I poked up Cavendish, and we took him to see our dear little room after tea ; he had not seen it before. Was struck. We had a pleasant brotherly little dinner.
08Sep1865, Lord Granville Engaged, Rather Awful – Holker – We heard of a very interesting marriage : Lord Granville to a pretty Scotch Miss Campbell, only 17 and just out. 33 years between them ! rather awful.
09Sep1865, Dismay Over Lord Granville’s Marriage – Holker – There is some dismay over Lord Granville’s marriage : such frightful disparity of years : the poor little body will be in all human probability a widow before she is 40 ; they say she is full of fun and high spirits.
12Sep1865, Lord Russell’s Book a Bore – Holker – We had 2 pulls at discarded Lord Russell [FN: That is, a book of his.] who is rather a bore.
19Sep1865, Lou’s Trousseau Arrives – Holker – Lou’s trousseau has arrived, and causes great excitement : she showed off to us a specially charming plush gown, in colour very like a mouse-coloured Scotch bullock.
23Sep1865, Lou’s Wedding Gifts – Holker – Presents of the kind that sink deepest into one’s heart came in : a beautiful quaint little gold tea-service and a silver tray from Keighley and other places, an ivory Prayer Book from the Flookburgh school, and a diamond and ruby necklace from Chatsworth!
24Sep1865, We Were a Vast Army – Holker – Our big numbers divided themselves between Cartmel and Flookburgh (for Lou’s wedding)
25Sep1865, Honour to the Grim Last Evening – Holker – Emma and I appeared in all our diamonds, to show the Duke, and to do honour to this grim last evening.
26Sep1865, Lou and Frank are Married – Holker – I can’t go into all the details of the cheers, the crowds, and the triumphant arches : everything meant the same : true, loving enthusiasm. It was a pretty compliment to Frank, the sticking up in the arches divers little ships, full rig
28Sep1865, Letters from Lou – Holker – His letter was full of tenderness for her, and of happiness. F. made me take it to the Duke in his room : the 1st time I have gone to him there !
29Sep1865, New Bessemer Process of Making Steel – Holker – went to Barrow and saw the new Bessemer process of making steel…The town is spreading out and springing up vigorously, and gathers population tolerably fast. The great docks making strides.
02Oct1865, Sixteen Flookburghers – Holker – I went with Mr. Rigg to about 16 Flookburghers ; liked many of them. Old Geoffrey Thompson, who is over 90, said he could remember the time of Sir William Lowther, but I fear it is a delusion
06Oct1865, Regal Style – Hardwick – We came to Hardwick, in the same regal style as last year : special train, swarms of horses, dogs, carriages, and servants, and barouche and four to meet us at Chesterfield.
08Oct1865, A Prayer for the Cattle-Plague – Hardwick – A prayer was used by authority, for deliverance from the cattle-plague, and from the threatened cholera. God grant it !
09Oct1865, Blessings and Sunshine are Outpoured – Hardwick – A little before 6 took place the exciting arrival of Frank and Lou from Chatsworth. Two little arches greeted them, and they were dragged up to the house door, and famously cheered.
12Oct1865, Palgrave and Pusey – Hardwick – I am reading with immense interest a book by Dr. Pusey, just out, written to Keble in answer to an attack of Manning’s
15Oct1865, A Peal in Honour of Lou – Hardwick – They sang a wedding hymn and rang a peal in honour of Lou. A yellow dog appeared in the pew, and would make himself agreeable, the more he was requested to withdraw.
16Oct1865, A Visit to Castle Howard – Castle Howard – Castle Howard of which I have heard so much especially since Lord Carlisle’s death… His life seems to have been one of those that gilds all the lives among which it is cast, as Mamma’s and Aunt Lavinia’s did.
17Oct1865, She Dresses Madly, Unbecrinolined – Castle Howard – Rosalind is only 20 : she is an original little person, and half attracts and half repels one with her ways and words ; she dresses madly in odd-coloured gowns with long trains, which cling around her unbecrinolined.
19Oct1865, Lord Palmerston Has Died – Castle Howard – He would have been 81 to-morrow ; and it is wonderful to think of a man’s dying in office who was born before the fall of the old French monarchy, and was in office before Uncle William was born.
21Oct1865, A Walk to the Pheasantry – Castle Howard – Directly after luncheon I went to the station on the car, and brought back my Fred, and my sunshine of sunshine with him.
22Oct1865, Unsatisfactory Church Arrangements – Castle Howard – We went in the morning to an awful little apartment which calls itself Coneysthorpe Chapel, and which certainly adds another to my list of unsatisfactory church arrangements at great places.
23Oct1865, A Visit to Lord Houghton’s – Fryston – We left beautiful Castle Howard, and came here, to Lord Houghton’s, in time for luncheon. Drove with Ly. H. afterwards… I made great friends of the 3 children, Anicia, Florence, and Robin
24Oct1865, Old Accounts of Wellington’s Death – Fryston – I looked through the newspaper accounts of the Duke of Wellington’s funeral…so clearly remember Papa … to tell us of the Duke’s death, and Mamma writing to us about the funeral
31Oct1865, Snap-dragon and Salt – Chatsworth – Lord Cawdor, his daughters told me, is so colour-blind that they have to hide the red sealing-wax when they are in mourning for fear of his using it; and he sees no difference between people’s ordinary complexion and that which snap-dragon and salt gives them!
10Nov1865, Lord Boyle and Heart Ache – Chatsworth – Poor Lord Boyle poured out to me some of his terrible trials, and made my heart ache. His home miserable, from the unkindness and extravagance of his parents—himself with no occupation, and with the light of his eyes gone.
15Nov1865, Trevelyan’s ‘Cawnpore’ – Chatsworth – I can remember, even in the midst of our own great grief in the autumn of 1857, the frightful heart-rending news from India, and specially the massacre of women and children : the outcries for vengeance, and the day of humiliation.
16Nov1865, Meriel Expecting No. 5 – Chatsworth – She looks very well, though, alas ! No. 5 hopes to arrive next June. It is a sad trial to the poor old thing, who would stop very willingly at 4 ; and would have been satisfied to have no children at all, which is all but inconceivable to me.
22Nov1865, Dudley Marries Moncrieffe – Chatsworth – Yesterday Lord Dudley married Miss Georgina Moncrieffe, a beautiful girl under 20. Charles was best man ! but must have looked more like the bridegroom.
25Nov1865, My Wisest Advice – Chatsworth – Freddy Howard has much touched my heart by an outpour of his fervent attachment to a Miss Horrocks…I gave him my wisest advice : specially to wait till he was two-and-twenty before considering himself of a certain age.
27Nov1865, Lord Houghton Spouts His Poetry – Chatsworth – Lord Houghton spouted 2 of his bits of poetry, but ill. “Long ago” is lovely.
28Nov1865, Lacaita Delights with ‘Cinque Maggio’ – Chatsworth – Sir James Lacaita delighted many of us with a spout of Tasso, but especially with the glorious “Cinque Maggio.”
30Nov1865, Fred’s Birthday – Chatsworth – My darling Fred 29 to-day : it seems a little old to me, alack ! I gave him a pair of muffatees, which have cost me gigantic efforts ! God grant us our heart’s desire, if it is His Will, to make a new sunshine over Fred’s next birthday.
02Dec1865, Too Much of a Massacre – Chatsworth – I went with Claud and Fr. Howd. to see the cover shooting which was too much of a massacre to be quite pleasing.
03Dec1865, A Dear Happy Day – Chatsworth – My Sundays have not the delight they used to have in beautiful services, but this makes me the more appreciate the feeling of refreshment and renewal, when it comes ; for it must be straight from Heaven, I hope.
04Dec1865, Poodle Byng’s 81st Birthday Dinner – Chatsworth – He remembers dancing at Devinshire House 72 years ago, when the late Duke was 3 or 4 years old. He was born long before the great Fr. Revolution was even thought of.
07Dec1865, A Meeting at Idle – Esholt – We came here (the Fairbairns) for a Mechanics’ Institute meeting at Idle—a big, overgrown, manufacturing village, with 9,000 people in it, but no particular streets. I was much delighted with the warmth and heartiness of the audience, all apparently working folk.
09Dec1865, The Jamaica Massacre – Hawarden – The Jamaica massacre, in which it seems 2,000 blacks have been killed to revenge the deaths of 18 whites, was much talked of.
15Dec1865, General Mourning for the King of the Belgians – Hawarden – The King of the Belgians is dead, and there is a general mourning for 10 days. The Queen will nevertheless appear at the opening of Parliament, but will not read the Speech…. A great thing it is, however.
19Dec1865, The Little Boys Arrive – Hagley – Later arrived the 3 little boys, escorted by Newmany, looking famously well ; Bob with a good conduct prize, Edward with one for classics : jolly little Alfred with nothing but his own charms.
29Dec1865, Xmas Charities – Holker – I took Lou’s place in giving away Xmas charities of sheeting, blankets, flannel, etc., to divers poor folk, under the excellent Mrs. Birkett’s eye.
31Dec1865, Nice Little Boys – Holker – I had a class (before morning church) at the school, of nice little boys, 2 or 3 very intelligent



01Jan1866, One Thing Wanting to Us – Holker – God grant us another year of peaceful happiness, if it be His Will, and the one thing wanting to us. Emma has that precious hope for which I long sadly.
02Jan1866, The Downfall of Slavery – Holker – the great event of 1865: the American war ending with the downfall of Slavery. Of course there is awful perplexity and misery connected with the coloured people ; but one may trust that God, Who has worked one miracle for them, will make a way for bringing good and blessing upon their future.
04Jan1866, Deserve to be Destroyed – Holker – Fearful accounts in the Times of the state of London houses for the poor. If something is not done, the country will deserve to be destroyed.
05Jan1866, Reading “Kenilworth” – Holker – I began dear “Kenilworth” for the 2nd time, the 1st being at St. Leonard’s in the happy spring of 1856.
06Jan1866, Cattle Plague – Holker – The cattle-plague is fearful, more than 7,600 attacked a week, by the last return. Many places are forbidding all transfer of cattle.
11Jan1866, Goschen and Peel Promoted – Holker – There is good deal of talk about Mr. Goschen being made something of the Duchy of Lancaster, unbeknown to Lord Russell’s colleagues, and not having had time to do much to deserve it. Sir R. Peel over the moon at having been made K.C.B.
12Jan1866, Finished “Kenilworth” – Holker – Yesterday I finished “Kenilworth,” which excited and interested me fully as much as when I was 14 ; perhaps more, as it has haunted me at night.
18Jan1866, Eddy and Emma visit – Holker – Eddy and Emma came from London, having done a good spell of Sussex civilities. Emma very well and prosperous. Her baby is expected early in August. Oh, how I hope it may be a good omen for Lou and me!
14Jan1866, A Tiff With Morgan – Holker – My day much overclouded by a tiff with Morgan, serious enough to entail upon her a talking-to from Fred and a threat of giving her warning
17Jan1866, All Expecting, Ah Dear Me – Holker – sent me some letters that passed between certain French big-wigs and the then Ld. Stanhope in 1792…Ly. Henry Scott, Ly. Granville, and Ly. Dudley are all said to be expecting babies. Ah, dear me !
25Jan1866, Never Ending Shooting is a Tax – Holker – The never-ending, still-beginning shooting, which becomes a serious tax to pay for the necessity of ducal preserves. I hooked on to Lou, and we did a selection of poor folk
26Jan1866, Flookburgh Remains – Holker – After luncheon, Flookburgh remains, viz. dear doting Betty Moore, late washerwoman, and dreadfully dirty Agnes Haddath, bedridden.
27Jan1866, A Charming Ride – Holker – began “The Heart of Midlothian” to the girls. Had a charming ride on Punchy with Lavinia on Empress and Georgina on Ossa
29Jan1866, A Merry Servants’ Ball – Holker – A most merry, successful servants’ ball came off in the corridor downstairs…For the 1st time in my life, indulged in polkas and other whisks, with Frank and Eddy,
01Feb1866, The Great Man Gives Fred a Speech – London – We went across the way, and F. had a sit with Uncle Wm. who gave him the heads of the Queen’s Speech ; which are ticklish enough to handle, what with Fenianism, Jamaica, Cattle-plague, and Reform Bill. Would it were all triumphantly over !
05Feb1866, Arnt Suverland is ill – London – They are all uneasy about the Dow. Duchess of Sutherland’s [FN: Wife of the 2nd Duke : sister of Lord Frederick’s mother.] health. Instead of the unwieldy title I might perhaps adopt Freddy’s “Arnt Suverland.
06Feb1866, The Queen Opens Parliament – London – A notable red-letter day. The dear Queen opened Parliament in person for the first time since her widowhood ; going in great state, drawn by 8 cream-colours, all her other carriages with 6 horses ; a large escort attending her.
07Feb1866, Cavendish to the War Office – London – Cavendish got a mysterious scrap from Ld. Granville yesterday or the day before, containing the words : “Of course I congratulate you.” Not being aware that he was going to be married, the Markiss was puzzled…
10Feb1866, Religion-that-will-suit-all-creeds – London – The plain justice of giving dissenters (whose tax-paying goes to support the school) the option of withdrawing their children from the religious instruction of a Church school, while they profit by the secular, in the few cases where it is impossible for them to have a school of their own, seems undeniable.
12Feb1866, Ambassador Charles Adams – London – We had luncheon at the Speaker’s, meeting the Adams (American Minister) and Dr. Vaughan. Mrs. Adams tickled me by saying “va-ga-ries” and “de-co-rous.”
13Feb1866, The Lower Class and the Upper Class – London – successful “mission tea-party” was held, I poured out for one table. Had to go off directly after tea: but as it was, in spite of getting home by superhuman exertions in 35 minutes, I arrived after 8, with His Grace the Duke of Devonshire, the Secretary of War, the Lord-Lieutenant of Worcestershire, and Mr. Charles Howard, M.P., to entertain at dinner. I was a little jeered. But would not have missed the tea-party.
16Feb1866, Cattle Plague Rages – London – Cattle-plague rages in the House : a very stringent Bill is being passed, forbidding all movement of cattle along railways, and ordering the immediate slaughter of all diseased beasts. plausible remedy up just now, discovered by a Mr. Worms ; a mixture of onions and asafoetida
18Feb1866, Cockney Damsels – London – I was a good deal taken off my legs by the coolness and talkativeness of my pale-faced cockney damsels who were very ready to put me in the right way. The row was great, and my numbers unmanageable, so I did not make a satisfactory start.
22Feb1866, Funds for Princess Helena – London – I got smuggled into the House, and heard Uncle Wm. speak upon the Queen’s messages about granting money to Princess Helena on her marriage, and to Prince Alfred on his coming-of-age.
22Feb1866, Funds for Princess Helena – London – London House. I have undertaken to go once a fortnight to St. George’s-in-the-East workhouse.
27Feb1866, Refreshed by One’s Comforts – London – I hope it is not wrongly selfish to feel refreshed by one’s comforts and pleasant refined things after going a little into the depths. One knows the poor people do not crave for these things, and one has been trying to cheer them; still, it feels selfish.
02Mar1866, Glimpses of the Deep, Wide Misery – London – but it is terrible to know that I only see glimpses of the deep, wide misery all round us, and can hardly do any good.
03Mar1866, A Party During Lent – London – Had to go, as an inevitable civility, to a party at Lady de Grey’s as we had refused 3 other invitations of hers. I had the Lentums, and didn’t like it at all !
06Mar1866, Bride: Measles, Groom: Gout – London – We dined at Ld. Granville’s; his little wife is a most winsome, pretty creature, with a bright sunshiny manner, and I should think plenty of character. It isn’t proper for a bride to have the measles, and a bridegroom the gout! but it has been their case.
07Mar1866, Meeting Lowe and Carlyle – London – We dined at Mr. Bob Lowe’s, which was very pleasant. He is immensely clever, agreeable, and humorous, but rubbed me up the wrong way…introduced to Carlyle who launched into a broad Scotch troll on Reform to F.
13Mar1866, To Marlborough House – London – F. shirked Marlborough House ball in the coolest way, not to miss the debate; but I went, and curtseyed to the Princess of Wales and Princess Helena: the latter looks as happy as a queen.
15Mar1866, Ly. Augusta and Dean Stanley – London – no couple in the world were so unlike as Dean Stanley and his wife. She, big, vigorous-looking, very dark and ugly and coarse-featured (but with a nice good face all the same) ; he, wonderfully shrunk, small and squinny, with little sharply-cut features and light complexion. They are devoted to each other.
19Mar1866, Fast-day for Cattle Plague – London – the House had actually divided upon Uncle Wm.’s motion that the committee and petition business should be put off till 2 to-morrow, viewing it is the fast-day for the cattle-plague in this diocese.
20Mar1866, Distributed Peppermints – London – I did St. Martin’s workhouse in the morning, S. George’s with Mrs. Spiers in the afternoon. Read 2 P.M. [FN: I.e. Parochial Mission.] stories to some women at work with great success. Distributed peppermints.
Lady Day, 1866, Warmer Out Than In – Holker – The very walk to the poor little hideous chapel along the muddy road was pleasant !
26Mar1866, A Lonely Day – Holker – I went through breakfast and luncheon tête-à-tête with my Papa-in-law in a state of great trepidation ; and feel sure he wished me at the bottom of the Baltic.
26Mar1866, A Lonely Day – Holker – Went to see Mrs. Pollard, also Mrs. Mackreth the woodman’s wife, and Mrs. Telfer the huntsman’s ; Aggy Hastings, Hannah Hewitson, John Brookes, and Mrs. Wilson in the cottages near Mr. Drewry’s ; and Jenny Wilman at the lodge. All very cordial and nice to me.
02Apr1866, Dreading the Duke – Holker – My Fred away all day, doing a monster Reform Meeting at Leeds, Got very successfully through my tête-à-tête meals with my Papa-in-law, which I dreaded considerably.
06Apr1866, Best Novel: “Sylvia’s Lovers” – Holker – Finished “Sylvia’s Lovers” in floods of tears ! and think it one of the best novels I ever read ; but a cruel one ; a thing it is really bad for one to have a heartache over.
09Apr1866, Left Dear Holker – London – I went out at 12, picked daisies in the garden, and a lot more primroses in Watham : Fred rode on the sands, where he said it was beautiful. Left dear Holker, which made me sad at heart, at 2. Got home about 10½.
12Apr1866, Speeches at the House – London – Cavendish spoke after dinner : his 1st speech not upon Armyums: he hesitated a good deal, and seemed nervous : no wonder, for the Opposition chose to hoot and howl and roar with laughter in a way rather peculiar to after-dinner occasions and thoroughly disgraceful.
13Apr1866, J.S. Mill and the Claims of the People – London – This is my never-to-be-forgotten day… the immense luck of hearing the famous Mr. J. S. Mill make a most perfect speech…The Opposition held their tongues as if bewitched ! He followed Sir Bulwer Lytton, who made a slashing, clever speech.
14Apr1866, To the Crystal Palace with Meriel – London – I drove with the John Talbots to the Crystal Palace ; that is, alone with M. there, and with all coming home. It was very nice. We squabbled over politics a little.
16Apr1866, Terrified Toryism – London – Having been poked up by a sneering article in the Spectator upon the “Xtian Year,” I wrote a little rejoinder; but F. and the Mesds. Talbot, tho’ they think it rather good, think I had better not send it! I went in lonely dignity to Ly. Taunton’s ball ; Sir Walter Farquhar poured terrified Toryism into my ear.
17Apr1866, Charles a Horrid Old Tory Still – London – Charles dined with us ; he is immensely interested in the political crisis, and seems to weigh all sides ; but I fear he is a horrid old Tory still : he don’t commit himself much.
18Apr1866, Whigs and Tories Inter-marry? – London – Who should come to luncheon but Ld. Grosvenor? He told us his boy Belgrave (14 or 15 years old) asked him, “Do Whigs and Tories ever inter-marry?”
19Apr1866, The Longleys at Lambeth – London – I drove with old M. to Campden Hill, and to call on the Longleys at glorious old Lambeth which I never saw before.
28Apr1866, Speeches on the Reform Bill – London – Fred came to bed at ¼ to 5 in the morning, announcing a majority of 5 for the 2nd reading. One didn’t expect more. It is impossible, I suppose, for the poor Bill to survive Committee and pass the Lords.
12May1866, Lou Lives on the Victory – H.M.S. Victory – We had the fun of coming with the D. to see Lou and Frank on board their harbour ship—the old original Victory, with the brass plate marking where Nelson fell; but not much of the actual old ship left. She has never made a voyage since Trafalgar.
15May1866, Lord Overstone Against All Charities – London – We dined at the Loyd Lindsays. I sat next Ld. Overstone, who put me into a rage by crowing over his sagacity in snubbing begging-letters. He is choked up with money, and has a monomania against all charities.
16May1866, Milman, Fawcett, Ecce Homo – London – The poor Westminster bank where all Meriel’s kitchen money and other charities bank, has shut up like the others….We dined at Ld. Taunton’s, meeting Dean Milman and Mr. Fawcett.
20May1866, Heart Happiness – Hagley – After church we sat for a little on the octagon bench as we did then ; the same glorious springtime; the same heart-happiness, and yet a very different one. We walked with Papa through the park and up Clent Hill.
21May1866, Blue With Hyacinths – Hagley – We walked to Wychberry wood, which was blue with hyacinths, up to the obelisk and home by the Birmingham approach. All the place is decked out in every shade of green, and is radiant.
27May1866, Remembering 1st Communion – Chatsworth – my 1st Communion… grieve to think how fresh and pure and strong my feelings were then to what they are now, on the greatest things. The happiness of my married life is such an absorbing happiness ! I fear it binds me round more closely than it ought ; it is difficult in heart and mind to ascend, when I have such great treasure on earth.
31May1866, Treason in the Liberal Camp – London – The Conservatives have been and gone and done it to-day ! for they have been supporting a proposal for an educational franchise versus the modest Government rental one for no other conceivable purpose than to defeat Government
03Jun1866, Read Some Old Letters – Chislehurst – I read some of the old letters to F. He says it is curious to be hearing about his mother from his wife ; I do like that.
05Jun1866, Rather Bored at the Ball – Chislehurst – to hear Mr. Brookfield read “Hamlet,” which he did very well, especially the comedy parts. Queen’s Ball, where we were rather bored ; Ld. Sefton was there with his bride-elect, and Ld. Brecknock with his ; neither very pretty
11Jun1866, The Bakers of Africa – London – I went to Ly. Amberly’s, and saw the famous Bakers who have been in the depths of Africa.
12Jun1866, Prince Alfred Very Short – London – Ball at Lady Blantyre’s. Prince Alfred (who has just been created Duke of Edinburgh—a funny title) was there, looking somewhat handsome, but very short.
14Jun1866, That Person… Bright!! – London – Dined with the Amberleys, meeting only one person, and that person . . . Bright!! (Oh that one could become a Boswell now and then!)
19Jun1866, The Fate of the Bill – London – Government beaten last night by 11 ; and I have really felt unhappy all day at the fate of the poor Bill which is like a child dying of the chickenpox after it has got through measles, scarlet-fever, and whooping-cough.
22Jun1866, The Queen is to Blame – London – The Queen is seriously to blame for staying at Balmoral till Monday ; nothing can be settled without her presence, and rumours run wild : resignation, dissolution, and a vote of confidence being all on the cards.
25Jun1866, Universal Complaint – London – The poor Queen’s terrible fault in remaining (or indeed being) at Balmoral has given rise to universal complaint, and much foul-mouthed gossip. She is travelling up to-night.
26Jun1866, The Liberal Ministry Has Resigned – London – The Liberal Ministry has resigned ; and now we shall see what sort of hash the Tories will make of things. Their Adullamite majority will give them more terror and trouble than it is worth, or very possibly won’t work with them at all.
27Jun1866, Uncle W. and Auntie P. are Cheered – London – We had a great excitement, hearing a continuous roar of cheers, beginning at Trafalgar Square, where a meeting has been going on, culminating in front of No. 11, where a good crowd collected to cheer Uncle W.,
29Jun1866, The Times Makes A Rumpus – London – The Times makes a rumpus about the cheers and groans of “the mob” and Auntie P. coming out to them on the balcony the other night.
30Jun1866, Never Go There Again – London – I took Agnes to a party at Ly. Derby’s, and fervently resolved never to go there again, such were the stick-in-the-mud arrangements of the comings and goings.
01Jul1866, Fred Visits the Paupers – London – I took Fred to see the poor old paupers, to their great delight.
02Jul1866, Prince of Wales Knocked Over – London – A runaway man and horse, we heard, came full tilt against the Prince of Wales, who was riding with the Princess and the Queen of the Belgians, and knocked him clean over, horse and all.
04Jul1866, Big Party at D. House – London – Big party at D. House: I chaperoned Mary Wortley and Charlotte Farquhar! We dined there; Cavendish pretended to weep over his fall: I am very cross at it ; for he was doing his duty famously, as all sides say more or less.
05Jul1866, Some Civilities for the King of the Belgians – London – to M. Van de Weyer’s, wishing to set some civilities on foot for the King of the Belgians, who has come for Pss. Helena’s marriage, and is not only quartered at an hotel, which is the poor Queen’s way now, but left without even a Royal carriage.
06Jul1866, On Board the Victory – H.M.S. VICTORY – The 4 a.m. gun is a startling event, and made me jump. We went with Frank early to see the Block machinery, which delighted me
08Jul1866, Equally Bad For All – H.M.S. VICTORY – The Service on board would be as nice and hearty as possible, if the Chaplain was not terribly dull
09Jul1866, Lansdowne Dies Suddenly – London – Ld. Lansdowne died suddenly the other day, being seized one night with a stroke while playing at cards, at White’s : she was sent for, and getting home and finding him speechless, in her agony tore off her necklace,
12Jul1866, Picnicky Little Business – London – Ld. Russell appeared, much hidden by an enormous white beaver hat : he looked extremely placid and light-hearted, and cracked some little jokes. I believe he has got over the defeat now.
15Jul1866, Meriel Talbot, A Stalwart Child – London – the christening of darling “Meriel Lucy Talbot,” Fred gave her a fine Bible and Prayer Book in one, which, if she is a stalwart child, she may be able to lift in 10 years’ time.
16Jul1866, A Regular At Home Going On – London – I went to luncheon at the Houghtons, and to my horror found a regular At Home going on, and had to plunge into French to make myself agreeable to a Portuguese Comte and Comtesse and Prince Borghese.
17Jul1866, The Annual Bore – London – To the House, where the annual bore about Ballot was up, followed by Mill standing up for women-suffrage.
20Jul1866, Lou is Perching ! – London – We dined at D. House, and went thence with Lou (who is perching!), Emma! (very spirited of her), and Cavendish (F. and Eddy hansoming) in barouche to Chiswick
21Jul1866, Reading “Sir Charles Gradison” – The Coppice – Sir R. [FN: Sir Robert Phillimore, whose house The Coppice was.], to please me, spouted after dinner the beginning of “Sir Charles Gradison” ; I was amused with it beyond measure. Unless the book is the grossest exaggeration, what a state of society it was 100 years ago !
23Jul1866, We Might As Well Be French – London – The “populace,” poor souls, having been goaded all the summer for not making any demonstration in favour of Reform, wished to hold a big meeting in Hyde Park to-day to express such an opinion. In a most un-English fashion the meeting was forbidden, the gates of the park shut at 5, and all the police had to come out to guard them. There was not the smallest pretext for believing there would have been any riot ; but naturally this tyranny produced one among the roughs
26Jul1866, Hyde Park Riots – London – All London talks about the Hyde Park riots ; and I am put into a violent rage by people’s unfairness… but the present occasion was one of all others for granting the people’s wish as a favour.
28Jul1866, Transatlantic Telegraph – London – The greatest of pacific events has come to a triumphant conclusion. After 2 failures last year and in ’58, the Transatlantic telegraph cable has been successfully laid, and had its shore end landed in America yesterday
31Jul1866, Slate Quarries – London – We all 3 went to the slate quarries…The factotum Mr. Eddy made all the quarrying details quite clear to me. I could have wished he had not been pleased to call me Lady Fred!!
01Jul1866, Fred Visits the Paupers – London – I took Fred to see the poor old paupers, to their great delight.
02Jul1866, Prince of Wales Knocked Over – London – A runaway man and horse, we heard, came full tilt against the Prince of Wales, who was riding with the Princess and the Queen of the Belgians, and knocked him clean over, horse and all.
04Jul1866, Big Party at D. House – London – Big party at D. House: I chaperoned Mary Wortley and Charlotte Farquhar! We dined there; Cavendish pretended to weep over his fall: I am very cross at it ; for he was doing his duty famously, as all sides say more or less.
05Jul1866, Some Civilities for the King of the Belgians – London – to M. Van de Weyer’s, wishing to set some civilities on foot for the King of the Belgians, who has come for Pss. Helena’s marriage, and is not only quartered at an hotel, which is the poor Queen’s way now, but left without even a Royal carriage.
06Jul1866, On Board the Victory – H.M.S. VICTORY – The 4 a.m. gun is a startling event, and made me jump. We went with Frank early to see the Block machinery, which delighted me
08Jul1866, Equally Bad For All – H.M.S. VICTORY – The Service on board would be as nice and hearty as possible, if the Chaplain was not terribly dull
09Jul1866, Lansdowne Dies Suddenly – London – Ld. Lansdowne died suddenly the other day, being seized one night with a stroke while playing at cards, at White’s : she was sent for, and getting home and finding him speechless, in her agony tore off her necklace,
12Jul1866, Picnicky Little Business – London – Ld. Russell appeared, much hidden by an enormous white beaver hat : he looked extremely placid and light-hearted, and cracked some little jokes. I believe he has got over the defeat now.
15Jul1866, Meriel Talbot, A Stalwart Child – London – the christening of darling “Meriel Lucy Talbot,” Fred gave her a fine Bible and Prayer Book in one, which, if she is a stalwart child, she may be able to lift in 10 years’ time.
16Jul1866, A Regular At Home Going On – London – I went to luncheon at the Houghtons, and to my horror found a regular At Home going on, and had to plunge into French to make myself agreeable to a Portuguese Comte and Comtesse and Prince Borghese.
17Jul1866, The Annual Bore – London – To the House, where the annual bore about Ballot was up, followed by Mill standing up for women-suffrage.
20Jul1866, Lou is Perching ! – London – We dined at D. House, and went thence with Lou (who is perching!), Emma! (very spirited of her), and Cavendish (F. and Eddy hansoming) in barouche to Chiswick
21Jul1866, Reading “Sir Charles Gradison” – The Coppice – Sir R. [FN: Sir Robert Phillimore, whose house The Coppice was.], to please me, spouted after dinner the beginning of “Sir Charles Gradison” ; I was amused with it beyond measure. Unless the book is the grossest exaggeration, what a state of society it was 100 years ago !
23Jul1866, We Might As Well Be French – London – The “populace,” poor souls, having been goaded all the summer for not making any demonstration in favour of Reform, wished to hold a big meeting in Hyde Park to-day to express such an opinion. In a most un-English fashion the meeting was forbidden, the gates of the park shut at 5, and all the police had to come out to guard them. There was not the smallest pretext for believing there would have been any riot ; but naturally this tyranny produced one among the roughs
26Jul1866, Hyde Park Riots – London – All London talks about the Hyde Park riots ; and I am put into a violent rage by people’s unfairness… but the present occasion was one of all others for granting the people’s wish as a favour.
28Jul1866, Transatlantic Telegraph – London – The greatest of pacific events has come to a triumphant conclusion. After 2 failures last year and in ’58, the Transatlantic telegraph cable has been successfully laid, and had its shore end landed in America yesterday
31Jul1866, Slate Quarries – London – We all 3 went to the slate quarries…The factotum Mr. Eddy made all the quarrying details quite clear to me. I could have wished he had not been pleased to call me Lady Fred!!
09Aug1866, York Topsy-Turvy for T.R.H. – Escrick – Fifty-four people dined and it was very well done. T.R.H. each talked to me afterwards : the Princess looks lovely, but thin and tired ; I do think we trot her about too much
10Aug1866, At York For the Show – Escrick – The hunters jumping a hurdle very good fun. Lord Zetland (who is here) escorted Miss Foljambe and me to York and back in his clarence. He is smitten with Carry, and wants his nephew Mr. Dundas (also here) to make up to her.
20Aug1866, Swarms of Grouse Killed – Bolton – saw two drives. The swarms of grouse killed become a perplexity in the disposing of them : 400 brace to-day.
September, Age 25
11Sep1866, £1 Per Word – Holker – The 2 Atlantic telegraphs are now in perfect order. They charge £1 a word for messages, and yet they pay enormously.
28Sep1866, Yeoman Fred – Holker – One of my black days, my Fred going off to do yeomanry at Lancaster for a week. Such a long day as it felt !
Michaelmas Day, 1866, Visiting the Locals – Holker – he can come to-morrow. 0 dear ! My tête-à-tête dinner was rather awful. I did a good deal of text. Visited Sarah Carter and Alice Haddatty…
05Oct1866, He’s Coming Home – Hardwick – At last, at last, the day is come ! But he won’t be here till past 1 at night ; leaving Lancaster this morning, going to a public dinner at Knaresborough, and riding from Chesterfield.
06Oct1866, Arrived Safely – Hardwick – My own Fred arrived safely before 1 o’clock; and I had such happy bits of talk and felt my heart satisfied! He and Eddy rode with the hounds (it was only pottering after cubs) and afterwards shot
12Oct1866, Moliere – Hardwick – I am enjoying some Moliere.
14Oct1866, Cession of Venetia to France – Hardwick – a story of Card. Antonelli and the Pope about the cession of Venetia to France
06Nov1866, Agonistes into Greek – Chatsworth – I am copying the text of Samson Agonistes for Papa who has translated it into Greek.
07Nov1866, Maid Troubles – Chatsworth – I am worried by my new maid turning out dreadfully huffy with the Duke’s household, and unmanageable when I tell her to show my gowns to other people. She is going. It perplexes me sadly how all I say and do, though it is not without prayer, seems to fail utterly with one maid after another.
15Nov1866, Indoor Tennis-Battledore – Chatsworth – Rained nearly all day. Womankind staid at home, and some of us had three furious games of tennis-battledore in the banqueting room.
18Nov1866, Thirty Walk to Church – Chatsworth – Alas it poured and blew so… Cleared later and we all walked, 30 of us! Chapel service at 6.
19Nov1866, Admired by Mr. Bright – Chatsworth – Bright, on the strength of our meeting, announced to Mr. Trevelyan that he admired me much, and contrasted me favourably with Mrs. Lowe, a compliment that doesn’t turn one’s head.
23Nov1866, Discussing Lavinia, Lady Spencer – Chatsworth – with old Tallee.. We walked, she and I and Lou, and talked, amongst other things, of the lady who was grandmother to Tallee, great-great-aunt to Lou, and great-grandmother to me
24Nov1866, Byegone Stories of Chatsworth – Chatsworth – I sat by Sir Augustus Clifford at dinner, and, tho’ he seems to be an empty-headed old gentleman, he entertained me much by his byegone stories of old Chatsworth and Althorp days.
26Nov1866, Engagements – Chatsworth – Poor squinny dwarfish little Lord Milton is desperately in love with Lady Mary, daughter of Lady Ormonde, who won’t have him.
29Nov1866, Gov. Eyre, Ritualists, One Church – Chatsworth – The papers go on fighting over Gov. Eyre, whom one party is going to try for murder, which I can’t think right, as he was a high-minded man, wishing to act for the best, and carried away by the panic around him ; and the other party getting up a Defence Fund, and defending him thro’ thick and thin, which is a shame and disgrace to English people, who would not bear the wholesale vengeance if it had been upon whites, but cannot see the harm of unlimited killing and flogging when negroes are in question
03Dec1866, I Do Hope and Hope – Chatsworth – She is really only just beginning to regain spring and liveliness, but I can almost envy her, for knowing what it is to be a mother
04Dec1866, Duchess of Manchester, Too Beautiful – Chatsworth – I am shivering all over with a miserable scene with my maid who squabbles with all the servants. The Duke and Duchess of Manchester came.
08Dec1866, Queen Unveils a Statue – Chatsworth – The Queen has sent Wolverhampton into an ecstasy by going there herself in full state, open carriage and all, to unveil a statue of the Prince Consort. It is the first time (in England) since his death, that she has taken such public part on a festive occasion.
10Dec1866, Valsing at the Servants’ Ball – Chatsworth – A delightful servants’ ball came off in the Banqueting-room. I valsed. [FN: As a girl she had not been allowed to valse.]
11Dec1866, Lady Fortescue Dies – Chatsworth – A terribly sad thing has happend : the death of Lady Fortescue in her confinement, leaving 13 children, the eldest only 18. It takes me back to ’57, and awakes in me afresh the sense of what a piteous thing it is—so many orphaned.
12Dec1866, A New Maid – Chatsworth – To my inexpressible relief and comfort, my odious little maid went off, and gentle, pleasant-looking, quiet little Mrs. Parry came, who will probably turn out a Felon, but is meanwhile very soothing.
13Dec1866, Lady Dorothy Nevill – Ossington – Mr. and Ly. Dorothy Nevill came : she is a quaint, piquant, clever little woman, like a funny old picture.
14Dec1866, Galloping on a Glorious Horse – Ossington – Delightful mild day. Spent most of it galloping on a glorious horse, with F. and the Speaker, amid the wide glades and grand trees of Welbeck and Thoresby.
16Dec1866, Made One a Ritualist by Rebound – Ossington – Dank. Church an 80-year-old meeting-house, too dreadful, and the clergyman’s attire, which was simply that of a particularly dirty chorister, made one a ritualist by force of rebound!
19Dec1866, Thoughts on Confession – Hickleton – Dr. Pusey is waging a war in The Times upon Private Confession and Absolution, which he advocates most strongly, tho’ not condemning those who differ from him.
20Dec1866, Some Mourning Things – Hickleton – Ly. Halifax and I drove to Doncaster, where I got some mourning things for old Lady Chesham who has just died.
S. John’s Day, 1866, Reading and Writing – Holker – We read Hooker, and began a little Shakespeare (“King John”). I wrote to the Eddies, to Florence. Heard from Aunt Emy.



S. John’s Day, 1866, Reading and Writing – Holker – We read Hooker, and began a little Shakespeare (“King John”). I wrote to the Eddies, to Florence. Heard from Aunt Emy.
15Jan1867, Female Suffrage: Odious – Holker – The subject of female suffrage (odious and ridiculous notion as it is) is actually beginning to be spoken of without laughter, and as if it was an open question.
17Jan1867, Discontent with Keble – Holker – A great discontent has arisen (in which I share) at an alteration having been determined on in the next edition of the “Xtian Year,” because of an expressed wish of Keble’s, which however he never lived to carry out.
20Jan1867, Thames Population Unemployed – Holker – The distress in London is terrible ; all the Thames population being badly off for work, owing to the losses of the employers of dock-labourers last year in the Bank failures.
22Jan1867, Lady Herbert’s Impressions of Spain – Holker – A poor postman near Compton Place was found frozen to death in his cart holding the reins, when the horse stopped at the post-office. chiefly filled with eulogies upon the state of religion there, which I suppose is about the most degraded in Christendom, Romanism having overlaid nearly all pure Catholicism.
27Jan1867, Bread Riots – Holker – Afternoon school. There is terrible distress in London. . . . There have been actually bread-riots in the E.; bakers’ and butchers’ shops rifled : the Poor Law as usual at a dead-lock.
30Jan1867, A Plot Among the Whigs – Holker – There are dismal indications of a plot among the Whigs against Uncle William’s leadership of the Opposition, and some have dragged up Cavendish’s name to take his place. He has heard nothing of it directly
02Feb1867, Landseer’s Lions – Holker – Landseer’s lions are actually mounted on the pedestals of the Nelson monument.
07Feb1867, Tea wth the Stanleys – London – Entertained at 5 o’clock tea Agnes, Ly. Augusta Stanley, and her little Dean, who got through an alarming amount of bread and butter. Later, had the honour of a visit from Cavendish who stopped till Freddy came home.
12Feb1867, Uncle W. Much Disgusted – London – Uncle W. looks blooming after his holyday. He is as much disgusted and bothered by the course of the Government as it’s possible to be : He has the profoundest faithlessness in Dizzy
15Feb1867, Maid Parry is Expecting – London – To my bewilderment and dismay last night, my poor maid Parry, who is married, announced in a tremulous voice, that, when she had been with me only a few days, she suddenly and unexpectedly discovered that she was several months gone with a luckless baby! My head span, but I hope to manage a stop-gap, and take the poor thing back.
16Feb1867, Macleod and Canterbury – London – We went to Lady Augusta Stanley’s, and were introduced to Dr. Macleod, the editor of Good Words, whose Liberalism and penchant for painted windows has affronted certain stiff kirk-people
20Feb1867, Poor People’s Dinner – London – Yesterday and to-day I have been to preside at a poor people’s dinner just set going in this parish : went afterwards, with a little dot of a girl who had dined, to the district school in Bedfordbury
21Feb1867, Visiting the Very Poor – London – At the poor dinner was a pretty, bright-eyed little pussy-girl of five, whose remains of dinner I carried home for her, for fear she should come to grief with the plate. She showed me the way, trotting fearlessly along down a squalid street and court, up to the top of a wretched house.
02Mar1867, John Parry and German Reed – London – I went with Grauntcoquitty, Meriel, and Mrs. Robartes (very childish of such old matrons and maids!) to see John Parry and German Reed. Laughed till I was exhausted !
03Mar1867, School and Workhouse – London – School and workhouse. The old bodies made a great joke of F.’s bringing me to the door of the workhouse.
06Mar1867, Sermon by Dr. Pusey – London – I hardly understand the text in the same way. I think it means that if only we have built upon the One Foundation, the imperfections of our works will be forgiven, the fire will cleanse them, and only what is good and true will remain. But I don’t know.
10Mar1867, Obstreperous Ragamuffins – London – School, where I was driven nearly wild by 8 obstreperous ragamuffin boys.
16Mar1867, A Visit to Chiswick – London – Emma and I drove to Chiswick. I can never go there (especially without a load of people) without our golden days all coming back upon me. The Duchess was visiting Lady Blantyre, and we waited an hour for her.
17Mar1867, Withering, Shivering Blast – London – Withering, shivering blast, drying up one’s miserable throat and making one like a nutmeg-grater inside and out. Also a keen frost. I never could feel, with Dr. Watts, the pleasure of reflecting upon the “starving wretches,” in contrast with my comfortable self on a night like this.
18Mar1867, Household Suffrage – London – a marvellous scheme called “duality of votes,” which Uncle W., who followed in a more vehement, bitter onslaught than I have ever heard him make, called “a gigantic engine of fraud.”
23Mar1867, Dined at the Argylls’ – London – Dined at the Argylls’, meeting a rugged, clever old Scotch Lord Colonsay… I made acquaintance with (several names)
24Mar1867, Sermon by Magee – London – Went off in a hansom to St. Paul’s Cathedral, inside which neither of us had ever been : grand and stately it is, but crying out for splendid rich decoration. Thousands of people. Magee , Dean of Cork, preached a glorious, eloquent sermon
27Mar1867, Labourers on Strike – London – The engine-drivers on the Brighton line and elsewhere, and the wretched starved Buckinghamshire labourers, are on strike ; the latter only demanding 12s. a week.
01Apr1867, Mrs. Scott-Siddons Reads Shakespeare – London – A young Mrs. Scott-Siddons, about 20 years old, and great-grand-daughter to the great Mrs. Siddons, recited some Shakespeare and Tennyson at the Hanover Square rooms. She is beautiful, and sometimes like the famous pictures of the Tragic Muse ; her voice lovely ; soft, but clear and ringing
03Apr1867, A Very Busy Day – London – A very busy day. At 10½ I paid a flying visit to the workhouse. Soon after 11 went with Auntie P. and Mrs. Hampton shopping for the Convalescent Home…
04Apr1867, The Duke Home from Ireland – London – The Duke dined with us ; he got home to-day from Ireland, where he has received a very hearty and loyal deputation of tenantry
05Apr1867, Uncle Wm. on Suffrage – London – It is refreshing to hear that the good country Tories are enraged with Dizzy, and don’t take kindly to their new war-cry of Household Suffrage.
06Apr1867, A Fine Dinner – London – We dined at the Cardwells’, meeting Ly. Waterford, no longer young, whose looks grievously disappointed me, till she rose up and walked across the room — a very Queen!
10Apr1867, Countess Carlisle’s Children – London – Went to see Rosalind, who is still very weak ; her little Mary [FN: Now Lady Mary Murray, wife of Professor Gilbert Murray.] the prettiest darling ; the baby an ugly fellow, but very thriving.
12Apr1867, Breakup of the Liberal Party – London – The downfall and breakup of the Liberal party is the miserable event of to-day… But it is a heart-break. We came home hardly knowing what we were about.
13Apr1867, The Last of the Whigs – London – We went to No. 11. She told us she had never seen him so knocked down : that he could hardly speak when he got home. I am not such a blue political woman as might seem to be the case ! but it is proper to put down what one can of a time like this.
20Apr1867, Easter at Hagley – Hagley – This peaceful day is always a little spoilt here by the necessity of working pretty hard at decorations.
29Apr1867, Cavendish Donates – Lonodon – I had the intense break of an answer from Cavendish to a begging letter of mine, sending me a cheque for £100 ; £50 donation to the C. H., £25 annual to P.M.W. [FN: I.e. Parochial Mission Women.], £25 for me to dispose of. Wrote him an intoxicated thank you.
04May1867, Paxton’s Chatsworth – Lonodon – Emma came in the morning, with lovely Chatsworth flowers, and went to the workhouse with me. She saw an old man who had been a smart gardener, and knew all the flowers’ Latin names, and said “Oh, Paxton’s place!” when she mentioned Chatsworth.
10May1867, Mr. Fawcett’s Little Bride – Lonodon – Visited Mr. Fawcett’s little bride [FN: Dame Millicent Fawcett.], her pretty fresh face rather a waste for a blind man!
17May1867, Out Visiting and a Ball – Lonodon – Drove down to Clapton and Snaresbrook in Mrs. Loyd Lindsay’s carriage. First to the cholera orphanage at Clapton. We went upstairs, and a door being opened, out tumbled a swarm of tiny 5 and 3 and 2 year-old boys, as fresh and clean as pinks, all with outstretched arms to be taken up and hugged
27May1867, Royal Babies – Lonodon – A little Teck princess, and a Dudley son-and-heir are just born ; the latter a good deal the biggest event of the two [FN: So perhaps it seemed at the time. But the “little Teck princess” is now Queen of England (1927).]
28May1867, Very Mad Did I Feel – Lonodon – Emma and I went together alone to Lady Vane’s ball ; and very mad did I feel when I found myself dancing, vis-à-vis to Emma, with young Mr. Cecil Parker.
29May1867, Three Great Orators – Lonodon – Small tea-party at Auntie P.’s. Dinner there, meeting the Bp. of Oxford, Dean Stanley and Ly. Augusta, the Spencers, Mrs. Norton, Mr. Glyn, Ld. Cowper and — Bright!!! Notable to have the 3 greatest English orators present
04Jun1867, Reynolds and Gainsboroughs – Lonodon – M., Granny, and I went in M.’s open carriage to the Exhibition ; we did little but the Sir Joshua Reynolds and Gainsboroughs, but spent a good while there, Granny as fresh and pleased over it as possible, and recognising many rolling-collared, swathed-necked, tight-coated, knee-breeched people from her own recollection of them.
16Jun1867, No Celebration at Baslow – Chatsworth – The anniversary of my first Communion. Alas! there was no Celebration at Baslow. God help me to be more full of faith and earnestness, as I was then!
18Jun1867, Lecky and Rationalism – London – Dined at Mr. Phillips’s, meeting Professor Tyndall, a very agreeable Scotch enthusiastic man of science, and Mr. Lecky, author of what I have an intuitive feeling is a shallow tho’ clever book on “The Progress of Rationalism”
19Jun1867, Luncheon with the Hon. and Rev. Stanley – London – Who should come to luncheon with me but first Aunt C., and then the Hon. and Rev. Algernon Stanley [FN: Now Bishop of Emmaus, and Canon of St. Peter’s at Rome], who used rather to like me.
22Jun1867, Dining Without F – London – Wretched me had to dine alone at the D. of Cleveland’s (F. having imagined he should be with his Yeomanry, which Parliament prevented). Lord Clanricarde took me in ! Afterwards together (not Lord C. and I !) to Ly. M. Beaumont’s.
25Jun1867, A Smart Gown of High Fashion – London – I with Papa to the Royal Ball, where I danced with Althorp ! Wore a smart yellow gown of high fashion ; clinging to one’s hips, perfectly flat in front and magnificently tailed behind.
27Jun1867, Hearing Dean Magee at the Abbey – London – Nevy and I went to an S.P.G. service at the Abbey and heard Dean Magee again…washstand for Charles whom we have actually encamped in one of the pretty bright rooms that we hoped to see gladdened with faces of our little children.
30Jun1867, Wedding Ring Off for First Time – London – Have just been much put about by discovering I had unbeknown pulled off my wedding-ring for the very first time. Made my Fred put it on again, as I remember Mamma used to make Papa.
01Jul1867, Refreshing Service at Fulham – London – There was a beautiful, refreshing service at Fulham, for the members of the Ladies’ Association ; a short earnest sermon from the Bishop (who had to deliver it sitting), and the Blessed Communion.
02Jul1867, A Monster Cavalcade of Swells – London – After which we went on to a to-do at Mrs. Warner’s, where high jinks were kept up till night-fall. I had to get home for dinner-time, as had some others ; we dined at the Calverts’, meeting dear dear “Mr. Claughton,” [FN: Bishop of Rochester.] whom I laboriously and elaborately called My Lord about 3 times.
06Jul1867, Flung in the Mud by a Riderless Horse – London – I was flung clear off on the near side, flat on my back in the mud, and poor Ossa rolled completely over on to her back, but, somehow, mercifully she did not touch me, and I was up in a moment, quite unhurt. My poor Fred came up white and frightened
11Jul1867, Lady Churchill’s Little Boy – London – Lady Churchill brought her wonderful little boy to see me ; born after 12 or more childless years of married life : a strapping, sharp, ugly little fellow.
13Jul1867, The Housekeeper Drinks – London – Miserable catastrophe again in our household ; the housekeeper drinks, and has wretched health. Kind Dr. Clark came to see her for me. I gave her warning. My life feels shortened by these things.
15Jul1867, The Sultan and Viceroy of Egypt – London – Big swell drum at Stafford House in honour of the Viceroy of Egypt ; for, by the bye, all London is turned out of window to welcome him and the Sultan.
16Jul1867, Last Visit to the Victory – London – We came for a last visit to the Victory, for the naval review in honour of the Sultan to-morrow.
17Jul1867, The Review for the Sultan – H.M.S. VICTORY – and saw the potentates arrive ; the Sultan, a thin-faced, fat-bodied, shrewd-looking creature…and the Queen, in spite of the weather, came from the Isle of Wight to meet him in the Victoria and Albert, took him on board, and invested him with the ribbon of the Garter there and then
19Jul1867, Like Babies to the Zoo – London – My Fred’s holyday : we went like a couple of babies to the Zoological Gardens, to my great enjoyment, and topped up with a really capital play, “The Lady of Lyons.” N.B. It brought two tears down Freddy’s iron cheek.
23Jul1867, Birthdays – London – Birthday of little Edward and of Cavendish [FN: Her brother Edward and her brother-in-law, Lord Harlington]. I wrote to the former, and sent the latter a little gift of Hymns Ancient and Modern for his pocket.
01Aug1867, Kick-up in the H. of Lords – London – I have never stayed in London straight on into August before ; it is owing to the kick-up in the H. of Lords….There have been other amendments, including an unlucky one of Papa’s, that nobody should vote who could not write a legible hand. The joke against him was that the clerk had to ask him to read the amendment, as he could not decipher it !
03Aug1867, A Cockney Expedition – London – We failed to get the Devonshire House carriage, and found ourselves at 5 with nothing to do with our holyday. What should Fred hit upon but a delightful cockney expedition by boat to Greenwich !
05Aug1867, Good-bye to My Poor Old Men – London – I said good-bye to my poor old men. Some I shall never see again. One, who suffers terribly and patiently, liked hearing me read the beautiful bits in Revelation to him, and said at the end: “Light—always light! —no sorrow—no pain,”
11Aug1867, Lovelyissimus Major – Holker – F. and I went between services to Middle Bigland Scar, and thoroughly enjoyed ourselves. It was lovelyissimus : beyond lovelyissimus major.
13Aug1867, A Delirious Scream – Holker – We have begun “The Claverings.” Also F. spouted to me a wonderfully delirious scream by Carlyle in Macmillan called “Shooting Niagara and after?”
17Aug1867, Remembering Mother – Holker – The holy day to us all sacred to the blessed memory of what is past for ever. Ten years ago ! and yet at any time I can open the full tide of tears over the precious record of those last Days. [FN: Her mother died August 17, 1857.]
21Aug1867, Papa’s Episcopate Bill – Blithfield – The idiotic Peers have thrown out Papa’s episcopate Bill as it came up from the Commons, because they won’t have Bishops without a seat in the H. of Lords. It is a true, bitter criticism on this, that it is clear the wretched Peerage is the valuable thing about a Bishop !
24Aug1867, Playing Cricket Scientifically – Blithfield – Hot and lovely. Another thrilling cricket match ! The H. Meynells came over and I had the honour and gratification of bowling him out twice with a scientific, slow shooter ! !
26Aug1867, Famous Lyttelton Cricket – Hagley – Papa in flannels taking immense pains, fielding (I think) at short slip [FN: This was one of the matches played by eleven Lytteltons.]. Uncle Spencer, in magenta flannels, sitting on a bench as a distant long-stop, did two balls the honour of fielding them.
September, Age 26
28Sep1867, The New Steam-Plough – Holker – Walked to see the new steam-plough, which did remind me vividly of Tennyson’s old farmer’s description : “Huzzin and maazin the blessed fealds wi’ the divil’s own teàm.” However, in spite of a hitch or two, it did manage to do 4 deep furrows at a time
28Sep1867, An Earl of Oxford Bull – Holker – I walked to see an Earl of Oxford bull with the gentlemen.
08Oct1867, Comments on New Vestments – London – I went to see poor Joshua Dutch in the All Saints’ Home : he won’t die after all. Went into the church to have a few quiet minutes, and found the Holy Communion being administered. The priest was consecrating the elements. It was my first sight of “the vestments,”
09Oct1867, Female Heathens – London – I paid a flying visit to the workhouse, went for an hour to a Female Heathen Educational Association meeting (it looks like Mrs. Pardiggle in “Bleak House” !) … bade farewell to peggies and Head, and set off on our travels.
12Oct1867, Dined in Great Luxury – Paris – We dined in great luxury and enjoyment with the Lascelles’ [FN: No doubt the Frank Lascelles; afterwards Ambassador at Berlin.] at the Café Durand, and then went together to the Théâtre Français, where “Hernani” is being played, and enchanted us.
29Oct1867, Sight-seeing in Venice – Venice – Another glorious, perfect day, spent in wonderful enjoyment. The Doge’s Palace took us all the morning, and fully came up to anything I ever dreamed of ; afterwards delightful gondola expeditions to S. Giorgio Maggiore, Redentore, and Madonna di Salute ; all very grand and stately
09Nov1867, Finished “Jane Eyre” – Florence – We finished “Jane Eyre,” which is, I think, the most powerful novel I ever read : the authoress turns oneself and one’s opinions round her thumb. I thought my principles were pretty well established with regard to bigamy, but…
14Nov1867, A Good Stare at Famous Statues – Florence – the famous statues of the Piazza della Signoria and the Loggia ; N.B. remarkable likeness of Neptune to Mr. (Inspector) Bellairs…I can’t appreciate Michaelangelo’s David, whose head really is much too big. At the Podestà is the lovely little bronze Mercury springing up from the puff of a wind, by John of Bologna, of which there is a copy at Chatsworth, nothing like as spirited.
22Nov1867, A Foot’s Pace From Leghorn – Rome – To prevent arrival at Rome being too intoxicating we came at a foot’s pace from Leghorn…they would not be allowed to stay in Rome without some tedious and elaborate passporting. How any nation can stand it I can’t think.
26Nov1867, Rome: Death-in-Life – Rome – We were longing for a good view over the city and the Campagna, and it was perfect in the lovely serene light ; the endless plain, the many-shadowed mountains, the many-domed town, and St. Peter’s like a mighty king above it all. How beautiful and peaceful it all looked !
27Nov1867, News from Home – Rome – Foreigners think England must be in danger ; somehow one can’t feel that a bit. Never did I take in better the immense strength we have in our fearless freedom of press, opinion and discussion, than now, when there are anxieties and disturbances and an impending revolution in national power.
08Dec1867, Terrible Worship – Naples – Walked about, peeping into churches (Feast of the Imm. Conc. ; terrible worship was going on at the feet of smart dolls in a blaze of tapers).
18Dec1867, Justify the French Occupation – Rome – who produced with great pomp a stage-property-looking pike and halberd and a little revolver, which he declared Garibaldi had hidden in thousands about Rome to kill priests, Pope, and all with. It isn’t quite true, but they make out all the danger they can to justify the French occupation, and the fortifications which are still kept up.
22Dec1867, An Audience with Pope Pius IX – Rome – The Pope gave us the honour of a private interview…. He is a nice old man, with snowy hair, ruddy face, twinkling keen dark eyes, an amiable smile and a most pleasing, kind manner, but not dignified. He is short and rather fat, speaks good French and was wonderfully lively and cheerful.
24Dec1867, Unbonneting of the Pope – Rome – …at 3 to the Papal Vespers in the Sistine Chapel, very unimpressive and wardrobey, with the perpetual bonneting and unbonneting of the Pope, and mutual bowings and curtseyings
25Dec1867, High Mass – Rome – The ceremonial is certainly impressive, but would be much more so, I think, if they would only do away with the wardrobe part of it, and leave the Pope and Cardinals in gorgeous vestments if they please, but in statu quo.



13Jan1868, Notions About Ireland – Marseilles – (Fred) has always been for the disestablishing of the Church, on the simplest ground of justice to the large majority. The other great grievance being the land tenures, and the thing to be aimed at being the giving the Irish an interest in the soil and some security of tenure,
01Feb1868, Reluctant Sons – Holker – The energetic Duke carried off his rather reluctant sons to brave storms, shooting Ellerside.
04Feb1868, Limehouse Distress – Holker – I heard from Miss Lilley ; the Limehouse distress has been terrible; men fainting at their work when they got a job, or having to stay at home next day from exhaustion ; and yet the neighbouring districts have been worse off. God help them.
25Feb1868, Dizzy: Lord High Conjuror – London – Great news! Lord Derby has resigned, owing to broken health; and the Lord High Conjuror has got to the top of the ladder, viz., Dizzy is Prime Minister!! His party take it with a bad grace. I wonder how the Queen likes it.
28Feb1868, The Flirting of Married Women – London – St. James’s, where Lord Arthur Hervey preached, making a lashing attack upon the state of society, the fastness and extravagance and absence of modesty in dress and manner ; the flirting of married women and all the mass of self-indulgence and pleasure-seeking.
03Mar1868, Smart Little Party – London – Smart little party with singing at Stafford House that we were obliged to go to, against my will; the Prince and Princess there, she wonderfully well, and walking with only a little stiffness; I believe she expects another baby!
05Mar1868, Helping a Girl in a Fit – London – Saw a poor miserable girl lying quite rigid on her back in a fit in a smart part of Belgravia ; if we had not come up, I suppose she would be there now, everybody “passing by on the other side” like priests and Levites ! We sent for a policeman
06Mar1868, A Most Powerful Sermon – London – Service at St. James’s : the Dean of Westminster preached a most powerful sermon on “Eli, eli, lama sabachthani ?” speaking as if from his very heart of the darkness and perplexities of life
08Mar1868, Lou’s Baby – London – Lou was promoted to a sofa, and was “at home” to F. and me. The baby came in to see her while we were there, and it gave me a tiny pang of envy to see its darling little head cuddled up to her
17Mar1868, Auntie P’s Orphanage – London – Auntie P.’s orphanage… : I had hardly realised before what a gallant good work it was. She took over 150 poor tinies straight to her arms ; all orphans and many weak after cholera themselves ; all friendless and without even clothes on their poor little bodies.
18Mar1868, A Workhouse and a Drum – London – then conducted to the workhouse by a dirty little boy who was enchanted with a bit of bread and butter out of my basket in payment…. Dined at the Gladstones’; drum, to which came Lord Dizzy !—he will be that next, I suppose. It was a sight to see him chaffing Agnes!
19Mar1868, A Wonderful Set of Frumps – London – We dined with the Carews, meeting a wonderful set of frumps, but it wasn’t very bad.
25Mar1868, Dizzy’s Party for the Shaky Liberals – London – Dizzy gives a grand party tonight for the Prince and Princess; is said to ask only such Liberals as are shaky! N.B. We are not asked.
27Mar1868, The Irish Establishment – London – Uncle W. has given notice of Resolutions, of which one distinctly condemns the Irish Establishment. That such a grand act of justice and right should be on the horizon seems too good to be true ; but there is to be a fair fight, and there is great hope.
13Apr1868, Riding with the Duke – Lismore – A wonderful thing happened to me, viz., I rode with my papa-in-law, and was horribly shy ; have such a painful conviction that he must think me a fool and a bore.
14Apr1868, Scoundrel Fish – Lismore – Cavendish hooked a fine fish, but, grievous to say, it got off after an hour’s playing. The Duke was by, and came home very much aggravated—more so than the philosophical Markiss! —kept breaking out with “That scoundrel of a fish!”
24Apr1868, The Quondam Slave – London – I went to Kate Amberley, who had a quondam slave to trot out : a poor, respectable-looking mulatto woman, with a handsome, ladylike white daughter, and a book with the heartbreaking story of her life. Such things to hear about make one go on one’s knees, and thank the Mighty Hand that has scorched up for ever, by means of that tremendous war, the iniquity of generations.
25Apr1868, Duke Shot by Fenian – London – Dined at the D. of Cleveland’s. A horrible thing has happened : the Duke of Edinburgh while at a charity picnic at Sydney in Austr. was shot in the back by a Fenian scoundrel, but is mercifully not dangerously hurt.
12May1868, The Girls Not Presented – London – spent most of the rest of the day struggling thro’ the Drawing-room, which took us 4 hours. The Queen hardly stayed an hour, so we had the great blow of the girls not being presented to her.
13May1868, The Queen Outshines the Princess – London – with M. to see the Queen lay the 1st stone of S. Thomas’ Hospital on the S. bank of the river, which she did with great state, driving slowly in an open carriage and four… They say she had some fear of being shot at by a Fenian, but drove all the slower !
18May1868, Antidisestablishmentarianism – Templenewsam – Lord Dudley danced with me, and I tried to coax him round about Charles, but he is in horror about Disestablishment, and I fear can only be expected not to oppose actively. The clergy are against it as one man nearly, and will take up the perilous, suicidal ground of making the English and Irish Establishments stand or fall together.
19May1868, An Afternoon With the Prince – Templenewsam – We all went in state to Leeds about 11.30 amid great cheers and thousands of people all along the road and swarming in the town.then another gigantic dinner, and we bowled back to Leeds, and danced in the great Town Hall : very pretty and successful. The Prince danced with me, and I liked him much.
28May1868, Dined Swellissimus – London – Dined swellissimus at Ly. Cowper’s, meeting De Greys, Clarendons, Holfords, Ly. Cork, W. Cowpers, Mr. Wood, etc. Got so sleepy listening to old Count Strzlecki. . . afterwards that I wonder I did not roll off my chair with a crash.
29May1868, Charles Reelected – Hagley – We left London at 10 ; F. got out at Birmingham to go to Charles’s comm. room, I went on to dear old home. Blue placards and “Lyttelton for ever” stuck about..I had some delightful moments full length on the grass, resting as if elections, London, hurry and worry were dreams.
30May1868, Electionums – Hagley – Talked incessant electionums ; it seems the enemy has been outrageously base and unscrupulous, spending shoals of money among the poor ignorant Black-country people, putting about all sorts of lies, and generally disgracing themselves ; also having 100 paid agents to Charles’s 20.
01Jun1868, Eddie and Emma’s Little Boy – Hagley – Thank God, dear Emma’s troubles are all over, and a fine little boy was born yesterday at 9 o’clock. It is nice to have this to enter in the same Vol. of journal which has the account of the sad disappointment 2 years ago. Now she has everything in the world. I feel rather heart-pinched in the lessening of our own hopes
08Jun1868, Governor Eyre Acquitted – London – Governor Eyre has been acquitted before Judge Blackburn, the jury refusing to find a true bill. “Society” won’t hear of Eyre being to blame, because the rebels were coloured whom he had to deal with ; but, tho’ he was a high-minded man and acted for the best, it does seem shocking that he should have sanctioned hanging and flogging after announcing that the revolt was over.
11Jun1868, Service at St. Barnabas – London – leading people to believe in some sort of Sacramental good to be obtained by merely being present, it does seem to me very objectionable. We did not intend to communicate, so slipped out after the Nicene Creed, feeling very guilty. But it was interesting to see the vestments for the first time
12Jun1868, Fred to the Yeomanry – London – My horrid week of all the year began : my Fred going to Lancaster for the Yeomanry : a playing at soldiers which I cannot away with ! Went with him to D. House early, and rode with him at 12½. Very lonely and unked without him. . .
14Jun1868, For the Sake of Coolness – London – Abbey at 3 for the sake of coolness, but oh ! it took near 2 hours.
20Jun1868, A Warning to Parry – London – I went thro’ the horrors of giving warning to Parry ; poor me, when shall I get a good creature who won’t be tiffy with her fellows ?
23Jun1868, Spencer Bowed Out of the Eleven – London – We are all in a frightful temper, Spencer having been bowed out of the 11 before the Oxford and Cambridge match, for not playing lately in “good form.” He bears it with matchless philosophy ; but Papa says, “Such a thing has never happened to a son of mine before,” and would have sunk under the trial, if he had not quite recovered his spirits and health.
27Jun1868, The Duke is Painted – London – The Duke’s picture is well painted and a gentlemanlike likeness, but it does not do justice to his expression, and there is something to wrongs with the right foot.
01Jul1868, Beautiful Garden Colours – London – Eastward and westward with Atie. P. With her and her girls at 5 to Holland House, the beautiful gardens very gay with all sorts of wonderful garments…Longfellow was there, I believe, but I didn’t make him out.
08Jul1868, To Brussels – Brussels – It does seem bewildering to be on the Continent again…We feel rather unprotected with only English servants, viz., Head, the Grim one, and B.’s Wilkinson.
14Jul1868, Meeting the King of Prussia – Ems – I had the privilege of seeing the King [FN: The King of Prussia, afterwards the first German Emperor.] at the spring in the Curhaus ; an ugly red-nosed old gentleman.
24Jul1868, High and Broad Church – Ems – We drove up to the Pavilion, whence the view is lovely. Argued a good deal on the way about High and Broad Church, B. contriving to be both in a way that a little aggravates me.
31Jul1868, A Jolly Evening – Ems – We had a jolly evening, supping with the Ashleys ; Ly. Louisa Charteris was too delightful, becoming an asthmatic old Norfolk man and woman, besides crowing, purring, bleating, and gobbling to perfection. We laughed till exhaustion supervened
09Aug1868, Not a Sunday – Aachen – Not to be counted as a Sunday at all, a horrid fact, as one hasn’t too many Sundays in even the longest life. We went into the curious Cathedral ; crowded with dirty people : a sort of congregation that always makes one envious. . . .
11Aug1868, Back to Dear England – Holker – but rainy and overcast all day : a great comfort, as the burnt-up state of the country is really dreadful. Whole tracts of railway-embankments, heaths, moors, and even cornfields have been set on fire by sparks from engines or cigars, and people in many parts are in distress from want of water.
14Aug1868, The First Private Execution – Holker – Yesterday took place the 1st private execution within the prison yard, only officials and reporters being present. A thing to return thanks for, the doing away of the horrible mob-scenes.
26Aug1868, Electioneering – Holker – Emma and I drove to Grange Hotel to call on the Wilson Pattens, and saw Col. P. himself. He was quite moved at the notion of our calling upon them, apparently thinking his coalition with Captain Stanley against Cavendish would make bitter enemies of us all.
September, Age 27
02Sep1868, Heart of the Enemy’s Country – Holker – My Fred came home to dinner, quite excited over Cavendish’s success at his meetings near Preston (the heart of the enemy’s country)… I had the treat of telling this to the Duke, who was much delighted.
01Oct1868, Uncle W. Cuts Down a Tree – Hawarden – Uncle W. in shirtsleeves and stick-up collar cutting down a tree was a pleasing sight this afternoon. He has an axe with W. E. G. on the haft, and is like a schoolboy over it.
05Oct1868, A Good-natured Lion – Hawarden – Uncle W. has now written his address : a very dignified and downright one. Lord Napier of Magdala [FN: Lately home from the Abyssinian Expedition and the storming of Magdala.] came, and was received with volunteers, band, and cheers,
08Oct1868, Reading Mansfield Park – Hawarden – Afterwards to the Rectory to hear Granny spout “Mansfield Park” ; I coaxed Fred to stay and hear a bit, and he was impressed with her beautiful reading. Her dear voice is as musical as ever ; if there is any change it gets lower, instead of quavery as most old people.
21Oct1868, Marriage of Whig and Tory – Holker – Edith Campbell [FN: Daughter of the Duke of Argyll.] is to marry Ld. Percy! [FN: Afterwards 7th Duke of Northumberland.] a nice, good, pleasant youth, just grown up ; Presbyterian and Irvingite, Whig and Tory, I wonder how it will do.
02Nov1868, Holker in the Glow of Autumn – Holker – F. to Barrow, but came home to luncheon and rode with me quite late in a stormy afternoon to Grange ; it was very nice ! and I enjoyed a tremendous spatter of rain when we were full go. In the morning, Mary [FN: Mary Gladstone.] and I went to Humphrey Head
14Nov1868, A Stump Speech – Holker – Enjoyed myself much, going with Cavendish to Ulverston, for his last meeting before the nomination. He spoke better than ever, said everybody, and indeed it was an excellent speech, exhaustive, well-argued, straightforward, spirited, and only just short of eloquent in parts
20Nov1868, Nominated at Bradford – Eshton – about 2,000 people collected in front of the hustings. They were rather dull and silent during Sir F. Crossley’s speech, but it was delightful to see them warm up into great enthusiasm during F.’s speech, which was the best I ever heard him make, vigorous, earnest, pointed, and with the sort of eloquence which comes out of deep conviction. He was trembling, not with nervousness, but enthusiasm. I nearly burst!
21Nov1868, Cavendish Beaten – Chatsworth – A grievous disaster ! Cavendish beaten yesterday by 1,400 after all his hard work and F.’s canvassing and the indefatigable labours of friends and agents. We had not much hope, but didn’t expect anything so hollow.
25Nov1868, Eddy Defeated – Chatsworth – We heard just before dinner last night the wretched news of Eddy’s defeat by 120 ; and we do feel small and miserable. The counties are outrageously Tory.
27Nov1868, Lies About Popery – Chatsworth – The two beaten brethren, Cavendish and Eddy, came home ; both cheery about it, but it was a great blow to both. “No Popery” has served Dizzy well in the counties ; the discoveries are remarkable anent it ; Mr. Gladstone and his wife are papists, one of his daughters is an abbess, and the Cavendishes for years past have been the tools of the Pope ! ! !
06Dec1868, Offer Far From Suitable – Chatsworth – Cavendish got a private letter from Uncle W. offering him the Lord-Lieutenancy of Ireland, regretting that his being out of Parliament prevents his entering the Cabinet. The letter kind and cordial, but it is a considerable blow, as Cavendish’s successful and steady work at the War Office in ’66, and the Duke’s 4 great contests just now, seemed to give him a claim.
07Dec1868, Another Proposed – Chatsworth – He telegraphed “Ireland over ; another proposed.” This is exciting. I rode with Lord George, Louey, and Mr. Strutt. Empress chose to kick.
08Dec1868, Postmaster Cavendish – Chatsworth – Cavendish telegraphed that he has accepted the Postmastership-General, with a seat in the Cabinet ; and he also wrote by post that Uncle W. had been very cordial, not pressing him to take Ireland, tho’ saying that he thought it an important post just now, and showing that the want of a seat in Parliament was the only thing that made a difficulty about the Cabinet.
31Dec1868, Low and Pathetic Today – Hagley – I believe nobody ever had the dayums as I have ; I feel low and pathetic today, and shall be in high spirits to-morrow !



09Jan1869, Going Away – Hagley – Darling Alfred took me to the station ; he turns my head by expressing affection ! and being so sorry I am going, in the most winsome way.
25Jan1869, Reading List – Holker – No outing. Little William began to crawl ! I am reading Jeremy Taylor’s “Liberty of Prophesying” and Lockhart with F., Senior’s Journal to the Womankind, Hume, Cowper’s Life…
03Feb1869, There has been no winter – Holker – Soft, grey, and pleasant with silver light upon the sea. There has been no winter, whatever we may be going to have by way of spring. Some rhododendrons are out in the garden.
12Feb1869, Coursing in the Park – Holker – Coursing came off in the mosses and the park ; Ld. R., Margaret, and I drove with Aunt Coque in the sociable, and the fat cockney coachman got so excited that he drove us down impossible places over the grass, to Aunt Coque’s delight and Uncle Dick’s terror.
20Feb1869, Charlotte is called Spencer’s Fairy Queen – London – Tallee came ; ’tis a huge treat to see her ; she is going shortly to Ireland, where Althorp is getting on famously ; Charlotte is called Spencer’s, Fairy Queen.
25Feb1869, Not Baptized – London – I spoke to Head a day or two ago, asking him whether he had been confirmed, and to-day discovered, to my horror, that he has never been baptized ! having been bred up a Baptist, and taken to church-going as he grew up, when the Baptists generally are baptized. Must try and induce him to have it done.
01Mar1869, The Great Irish Church Bill – London – Workhouse. It is very wrong and shocking, how they allow poor people to die in the midst of a crowded ward, without even a curtain to draw round the bed…then to the House, where Uncle William brought in the great Irish Church Bill, in a grand, elaborate, beautifully arranged and digested, speech of 3 hours
02Mar1869, People Rave of the Speech – London – Smart dinner at Mr. and Ly. Margaret Beaumont’s ; sat between Lord Clarendon and Mr. Trevelyan, and was too well off. I was dying to hear what was going on between Ly. M., Ld. Salisbury and Ld. Clarendon.
12Mar1869, A Mug from Leveson – London – Dined at No. 11 with the Great Man and his daughters (Auntie P. and Mazy in bed ! resting) ; he was high-gee a little old Dresden mug given him by Ronald Leveson [FN: Lord Ronald Leveson-Gower, the author and dilettante.], sending for it at dinner to show off, and saying it was the fulfilment of the “dream of his life” to have such a shaped cup
13Mar1869, The Underground Railway – London – F. and I larked off to the S. Kensington Museum on foot, and thence to Portland Road by underground Railway ; my first experience of it. It was charming and wonderful, and far less underground than I expected.
19Mar1869, Bright Spoke Like Isaiah – London – Bright spoke grandly, rather like Isaiah! His voice is painfully hoarse, and he is astonishingly aged ; but it doesn’t mar the effect much.
20Mar1869, Another Subject – London – Dined with the Bruces ; I was luckily placed between him and Sir G. Grey. Mr. B.[FN: Afterwards 1st Lord Aberdare.] said there was only 1 subject on which Uncle W. did not seem well up and interested, viz., National Education!! A large one.
21Mar1869, A Sermon at Whitehall – London – Whitehall [FN: The Chapel Royal at Whitehall, now the United Service Museum], where Mr. Kingsley preached almost the most interesting sermon I ever heard, riveting one, in spite of ungainly delivery and harsh voice.
28Mar1869, Snowy Easter at Chatsworth – Chatsworth – A day that made me rather Hagley sick. All the morning there were howling snowstorms ; however, we fought our way to church
03Apr1869, A New Theatre – London – Evening alone ; we junketed off to the charming new theatre, the Gaiety, and saw a good comedy and a bad burlesque. The comedy, “Dreams.”
10Apr1869, New Fashions – London – I wore a square-cut blue silk trimmed with lace, with full hanging sleeves and a little lace and blue topknot ; a new fashion for London and destined, I hope, to cut out low gowns ! But alas ! at Lady de Grey’s afterwards I was the only person minus shoulders.
15Apr1869, Invitation to Windsor – London – An invitation to Windsor for 3 nights ! ! the dear Queen hasn’t seen me since I married. She won’t have Fred ; I feel sure she has never forgiven him for standing on one leg and forgetting his manners that courting time at Osborne.
16Apr1869, Back at Windsor – Windsor – I dined with the Queen, who greeted me very kindly and affectionately, as did Princess Christian and Princess Louise…before leaving the Queen, she talked some time to me after dinner, and so did the Princesses. I thought the Queen very well and cheerful, and as full of gracious charm and simplicity as ever.
17Apr1869, Getting the Queen Out of Isolation – Windsor – I screwed up my courage, and when the Princess began upon the subject, I talked about the great desirability of the Queen’s being near London during as much as may be of the session…Princess Helena said she believed it was a thing the Prime Minister could speak to the Queen about, but that he had far better put it plainly upon her duty as head of affairs, and, above all, not use the “People say” argument, which, she said, “exasperates Mamma.”
18Apr1869, All the Wales Children – Windsor – We saw all the Wales children in the corridor ; the eldest is generally called “Prince Eddy,” which gives one hopes of having a King Edward again some day. All are terribly tiny and miniature in scale. I dined with the Queen ; the d’Alençons came, and we were very stiff and dull.
19Apr1869, Another Day at Windsor – Windsor – We drove by Clewer and came back by the kitchen garden, where we had tea, the Queen making it and the little Princess jabbering away. My head is quite turned by the Queen sending me her 2 books (“Early Years” and “The Highlands”), with my name written by herself, “dear Lucy Cavendish.”
20Apr1869, Windsor Visit Ends – Windsor – Princess Louise saw me to say good-bye, and so ends my new experience of Court life. Got back before 12. Went to see Lou. ; Cavendish came to dinner, and was a little cross and disloyal, I think on purpose to aggravate me.
22Apr1869, Charlie Wood Marries Lady Cortenay – London – Mr. Charlie Wood [FN: Now Viscount Halifax.] married Lady Agnes Courtenay : they received the H. Communion afterwards and the service took an hour and a half.
24Apr1869, Newly-Arranged National Gallery – London – Drove with the girls card-dropping ; they shopped, not I, viewing Saturday. [FN: She was active in the movement for closing shops on Saturday afternoon.] The shops in Regent Street are very generally closed…The Clarendons in high delight at Lord Hyde’s victory at Brecon over young Lord Claud Hamilton ; both had been beaten before. Drum at Ly. de Grey’s with Lavinia.
27Apr1869, Papa is Engaged – London – It was a day of a great event ; Papa’s engagement to Mrs. Mildmay, née Clive, was settled. I have said nothing about this before in my journal, but for months some of us have known and thought about it ; and now, thank God, we can all feel thankful that it has been brought to pass.
28Apr1869, Meeting Mrs. Mildmay – London – Meriel, the girls, and I and Charles, all saw Mrs. Mildmay for the 1st time at George St., Papa bringing her. It must have been even more awful for her than for us ! We all liked her much ; she is not in the least pretty, and looks some years older than she is (33), but she has a dear good face, and nice, steadfast-looking, kind eyes ; a very sweet voice, and a manner at once dignified and gentle.
18May1869, Finished “Phineas Finn” – Chatsworth – Finished “Phineas Finn” [FN: Anthony Trollope’s novel.] ; it has cleverness and some successful characters, but is a disagreeable, sham sort of book.
24May1869, Auntie P Overworked – Chatsworth – I wrote a solemn appeal to Uncle Wm. to talk to Auntie P. about her overwork.
25May1869, The White May is Coming Out – Chatsworth – China went on merrily, specially the clearing out of a wonderful ménagerie of odds and ends, knick-knacks and gimcracks, from the cabinet in the 1st state-room. [FN: This was china brought from Chiswick and now being placed at Chatsworth. Chiswick was not inhabited by any of the Duke’s relations after the Duchess of Southerland’s death.]
02Jun1869, Dined Dullissimus Major – London – went together at 5 to the R. Academy in its fine new rooms. Some good Millais and Landseers. Dined (dullissimus major]) at Ly. Milton’s ; I was lucky enough to sit by Aunt Fanny, or I should have gone to sleep.
10Jun1869, Papa and Sybella are Married – London – Papa and Sybella were married at her parents’ place, Perrystone in Herefordshire.
17Jun1869, Irish Church Bill Second Reading – London – Oh dear, dear ! political life has quite dropt out amid this excitement [FN: I.e. of her sister Lavinia’s engagement to Edward Talbot: and her younger sister May’s very brief engagement to Edward Denison…].. at the H. of Lords. They are debating upon the second reading of the Irish Church Bill, and we heard the Bp. of Peterborough (Magee) speak splendidly
18Jun1869, Back to the Fires – London – All this time it is so cold we have been driven back to fires.
21Jun1869, Generally With the Poor – London – I tried to talk to a miserable girl who knew absolutely nothing of religion, but it was bewilderingly difficult, having nothing in common to start from… Generally with the poor you feel an intense sympathy in common : indeed they leave one far behind in strong personal faith
28Jun1869, The Queen’s Garden Party – London – The Queen held a breakfast… Papa and Sybella were there; how it is one takes that so calmly I can’t tell, but so it is. The 2 new romances swallow it up, and it is restful to see Papa so happy and peaceful.
01Jul1869, Edward Talbot at Kebel College – London – The great news of Edward Talbot’s appointment to the Headship of “Keble College” at Oxford is given out now, and is delightful: such a compliment to a man of 25! Mr. Liddon was privately asked to take it, but refused.
04Jul1869, Speak Above One’s Breath – London – Church. At Miss Coutts’s new church in the morning. Bishop Harris of Gibraltar preacht well. Responses and singing spiritless and sleepy…I believe there is a wretched prim notion among “respectable” people that it is improper to speak above one’s breath.
07Jul1869, Not Smart Enough – London – Drove with Lou to a breakfast at Holland House. Wasn’t smart enough and so felt rather unhappy, such is human weakness.
09Jul1869, Making A Hash of the Bill – London – The Lords are making a dreadful hash of the Bill, such as permitting the present Irish Bishops to sit on in the House of Lords after the disestablishment, like ghosts.
20Jul1869, Speeches Against Compromise – London – There was an odious reckless debate in the Lords, Lord Cairns, Lord Grey, and Lord Salisbury (which was unexpected) all making violent speeches against concession or compromise, and a majority of over 70 decided on sticking to their own preamble, which cuts out the words by which the surplus is excluded from religious uses.
22Jul1869, Matters are All Arranged – London – The political thunderstorm has entirely cleared the air ! Matters are all arranged by certain small concessions on the part of the Govt. and much repentance on the part of the Lords ; Lord Cairns amenable, Lord Grey apologetic!!! And so the great measure of justice is passed.
23July1869, Traveling to Germany – Boat to Ostend – We left London at 8, and travelled right through to Cologne, crossing from Dover to Ostend. Lovely peaceful night passage ; none of us ill…We have a handsome courier called Kern.
27Jul1869, Every Shade of Bad Complexion – Kissingen – Everything very Emslike ; crowds of creaky people with every shade of bad complexion —the pasty, the muddy, the green, and poor Mr. Joddrell who is purple. Also varieties of quizzes, but not such pronounced ones as at Ems.
27Jul1869, Letter from Henry Tuckley – Kissingen – Had a touching letter from Henry Tuckley, a young man who was taken to St. Martin’s workhouse in a half-mad state, and whose story of running away from his employer..seems on inquiry to be true…I got him under Mr. Shaw Stewart at the Newport Market refuge. We have got the money for him to emigrate to Canada..(Heard startlingly soon that he had become a Wesley minister!! Wrote to caution him.)
02Aug1869, The Stupid Gas Bath – Kissingen – We are destined to make a “fiasco” of the stupid gas bath. I took my seat in one with great pomp this afternoon, and was shut up in it for a quarter of an hour, sitting tight for the gas to arrive. I looked like the old woman who lived in a shoe, and can only hope the resemblance may go further ! but as to the gas it never came at all !
19Aug1869, A Most Beautiful Grasshopper – Kissingen – We saw perched on the inside of my umbrella a most beautiful winged grasshopper, the size of a large dragon-fly and of the most vivid green. We could study his countenance and see the Biblical likeness to a horse in the shape of his head.
24Aug1869, Würzburg Cathedral – Würzburg – The cathedral, though of the 11th century, looks like 1700 personified, having been done up with frightful white plaster—cherubs and sprawling figures all over the roof ; the monuments and altars out-Herod Westminster Abbey. There was one charming monstrosity : a woman with an air unveiling a bust of a quizzical James I style of Bishop in a curly wig, who looks up complacently at finding himself unbonneted ; close by he appears again heaving himself out of his grave.
31Aug1869, To the Picture Gallery – Dresden – I had to take Shepherd [FN: Lord Frederick was ill.] with me to the picture gallery. She was delighted. The younger of the two cherubs in the San Sisto is really like little Victor, only darker.
September, Age 28
19Sep1869, My Poor Workhouse Hero – Holker – I have heard from my poor workhouse hero, who is safe in Canada, and has an appointment as Wesleyan minister!!!!
22Sep1869, A Baby Expected – Holker – There is actually a baby expected—stupid of me to feel this a pang, but 0 dear ! if it could but be me instead ! for it is an anxious thing for poor little Louey. [FN: Her husband’s cousin Louisa Howard, married to Hon. Cecil Foljambe, afterwards 1st Earl of Liverpool.]
10Nov1869, Little William and Little Victor – Chatsworth – William and Victor [FN: William Egerton and Victor Cavendish.] are increasing in charms ; they continue to be entire contrasts to each other…Both are very fond of each other, and have taken to dancing together, holding hands—spasmodic little jumps delightful to see.
16Nov1869, The Kitty Clives – Chatsworth – The Kitty Clives [FN: Meysey Clive of Whitfield and Lady Katherine , daughter of the 7th Earl of Denbigh.]came yesterday, and I walked with her. She is in raptures over the place, house, pictures, sketches, etc.
17Nov1869, Westminster Leaves the Oddest Will – Chatsworth – Old Lord Westminster is dead (some time ago), leaving the oddest will : one place to the Shaw-Stewarts, another to Lord Dicky, after his mother’s death, who has besides the whole of the personalty. Lord Grosvenor is immeasurably rich, but probably short of ready money.
18Nov1869, Kitty Delighted – Chatsworth – Kitty delighted ; also she sketches things, and pounces upon books, “Liber Veritatis,” [FN: Claude’s ” Liber Veritatis,” one of the treasures of Chatsworth.] etc., all over the house.
21Nov1869, A Visit to Lady Paxton – Chatsworth – I went with Madge to see Ly. Paxton, who is very shaky ; makes her curtsey and calls one Your Ladyship and is as simple as if she were still the housekeeper’s niece courted by the gardener’s boy as of old.
22Nov1869, A Migihty Brigade Arrives – Chatsworth – A mighty brigade of folk arrived (13 of them at once), viz., Aunt Caroline, May and B., the American Minister, Mrs. and 2 Miss Motleys, Mr. Montgomery and daughter, the St. Albans’, Messrs. Cowper, W. Coke, etc.
23Nov1869, Touring Chatsworth – Chatsworth – We took the folk over the state-rooms. The arrangement of Chiswick china in the little ante-state-room, which has been hung with red-lining paper and turned into a regular china-closet, is generally admired.
07Dec1869, Treassures Found in a Corner – Chatsworth – The quaintest little old children’s carriages have been found in a corner, which must have been made for the late Duke and his sisters, or for his left-handed brethren, the Cliffords : one is shaped like a cockle-shell ; mounted on high green and gold wheels, and fitted with single and double harness for dogs!
08Dec1869, Personal Infallibility of the Pope – Chatsworth – At Rome the Bishops of the Roman Church are mustering for the so-called Œcumenical Council. The Ultramontane Italian party are said to be firmly resolved on decreeing the “personal infallibility of the Pope”—a monstrous new dogma..but lately Dupanloup, Bishop of Orleans, a strong Catholic, has written an earnest appeal against such a decree being passed ; and they can hardly ignore him, It seems a desperate turning to bay.
11Dec1869, Exeunt the Listowels – Chatsworth – Exeunt the Listowels, and the “company time” is over ; 3 cheers ! Not that it has not been pleasant, and successful, but 0 to be on one’s own hind legs for 6 weeks !



19-22Jan1870, The Footman has Rheumatic Fever – Holker – Poor George the footman has rheumatic fever : such a sick house never was.George grew so much worse, that late in the evening (unknown to us) the doctor came and bled him—such an unheard-of thing nowadays, that we telegraphed for Dr. de Vitre, who thinks very seriously of his case, and also of poor Porter, the groom of the chambers, who has a very bad throat. The 1st thing we heard in the morning was the sad news of George’s death at 1 o’clock. . .
28Jan1870, William and Victor Meet Again – Holker – William and Victor met downstairs for the 1st time for a fortnight, and it was the prettiest sight in the world. William was quite crazy with delight…He would never leave him, and all his tyrannical ways disappeared as he evidently thought him a tender little invalid who must be petted : called his name over and over again in a darling little soft voice, peering up into his face ; showed him pictures
16Feb1870, The Poverty of London – London – I talked a little to Mr. Goschen. Johnny had asked him a question about the poverty of London in the House, “if his attention had been called to it,” and poor Mr. Goschen answered that you might as well ask a man engaged in a terrible struggle whether his attention had been called to the fact that he had an enemy in front of him.
19Feb1870, Meeting Max Müller – London – Our coachman being unkind enough to have laid himself up with influenza, we had to go in a hired tub to dine at the Palgraves’. Met Professor Max Müller ; a very quiet, unaffected, pleasant man, with a decided German accent ; he thinks himself quite English.
20Feb1870, Reading Ruskin – London – I am much bewitched with my 1st dip into Ruskin.
24Feb1870, Dinner With the Prince, a Scandal – London – Last night we dined at No. 11 to meet the Wales’ : it was horrid for poor Auntie P. ; was all settled before the scandal got into the papers. However, to everyone’s relief, the Prince appeared voluntarily to-day as a witness, [FN: In the Mordaunt divorce case] gave very straightforward evidence, solemnly denied being guilty, and is generally believed to be quite cleared.
26Feb1870, Clothes for a Poor Dressmaker – London – A poor dressmaker to whom I gave some old clothes on Tuesday, having reason to believe her story true, came overcome with gratitude to-night to say she had got work the very day after. Such a contrast, in the decent clothes and with a brightened face, to the poor, ragged, starved tramp who tottered into the room on Tuesday
27Feb1870, Quinquagesima – London – I went to the early Communion, which we think of beginning regularly.
08Mar1870, Hearing Dickens Read – London – We went to hear Dickens read “Boots at the Holly Tree Inn,” a bit from “Oliver Twist” and from “Pickwick” : the first was much the best, tho’ Fagin was wonderful. (He died very soon after.)
22Mar1870, The Queen Asks After Granny – London – I went to the Drawing-room, and the Queen asked anxiously after Granny.
27Mar1870, Mr. Liddon’s Sermon – London – B. was in great excitement over Mr. Liddon’s sermon in S. James’ : the crowds to hear him are tremendous.
31Mar1870, Papa’s Turns 53 – London – Papa 53. Meriel and I have clubbed to give him an arm-chair for his office,[FN: Lord Lyttelton was Chief Commissioner of Endowed Schools.] which the stingy Government don’t allow him.
05Apr1870, Missed Church – London – Missed church these 2 days, alas ! To-day was busy looking over the Woodford report.
18Apr1870, Granny’s Funeral – Hagley – It was a glorious sunny weather, such a help and blessing. Dear Granny was laid near her husband in the vault which was opened under the S. wall of the chancel. A long train of children, grandchildren, and others and nearly all the servants followed…I felt heavy-hearted, as I thought of that last “going to church” and called up the sight of her familiar, steady, dignified walk down the old path.
12May1870, Another Baby for Papa – London – A little half-sister was born to the poor old dozen at Cavendish Sq. this morning — 30 years after May (sic, Meriel was 30). Sybella was frightfully ill, and the poor little thing suffered much in the birth, but all went well, and she is comfortable. It is rather a pretty little baby. [FN: Sarah Kathleen, now Mrs. John Bailey. (editor of the diary)]
23May1870, University Tests Bill – London – Dear old May dined with us, having been to the House to hear the University Tests debate. Of course the motion was carried by a huge majority, whereby fellowships, tutorships, everything except headships of colleges, are thrown open to Jews, Turks, infidels, and heretics. I can not like it, do what I will!
31May1870, Briggs From West Indies – London – The excellent Briggs, F.’s W. Indian friend…He and his wife dined with us, likewise the P.M. and Grande Dame, Willy and Charles. It was necessary to “make a house” at the unpleasant hour of 9, accordingly the P.M. poked the 3 youthful M.P.’s into his brougham…
03Jun1870, Heavenly Delicious Weather – Chatsworth – Heavenly delicious weather…. F. and I had an enchanting ride by the Stand Wood to Bunker’s Hill. In the afternoon we all devoted ourselves to infant pheasants.
09Jun1870, Critique on Dickens – Chatsworth – Dickens has died suddenly of apoplexy, which struck him down yesterday evening after a day of literary work. (He was in the midst of a new novel : “Edwin Drood.”) He never recovered consciousness, and died early this morning. I have been reading “Little Dorrit” here, and enjoying the humour and observation of it, tho’ it is one of his least good books. One feels a great blank in the world ; in some ways I should think he was an unsurpassed and unsurpassable novelist.
17Jun1870, The Education Bill – London – Mrs. Talbot came to see me, and we went across to see Lavinia’s [FN: Her sister Lavinia was about to be married to Edward Talbot, afterwards Bishop of Winchester.] presents at No. 11. Hearing my voice in the hall, who should call me into his study but the Prime Minister! to ask me what I thought of the Government proceedings last night about the Education Bill.
22Jun1870, Story of a Tragic Romance – Oxford – (Speaker Denison) met Mrs. Talbot later in the day and asked to speak to May ; to whom he just said, “I wished to shake your hand.” It deeply touched and pleased the poor child. By the strangest coincidence it is the very day year of her engagement —when she and E. Denison had that one short sight of each other as betrothed lovers ; then came the hurried meeting in the afternoon when dear Granny was with them—and then the happy sunshine was all eclipsed, and they never saw each other again.
23Jun1870, Opening Ceremony for Keble College – Oxford – we all went to Keble College. The quad was all dotted over with pretty bright groups of people ; old Edward was plunging about 50 ways at once, and enthusiastic friends kept turning up…Considering the College is now nothing but rooms, being minus chapel, library and hall, it is very well-looking..Towards 11 the procession formed ; and, after securing places in the temporary chapel, we flew to the door to see it streaming round the quad. Beautiful it was, with its white clergy and choir, its scarlet Doctors and Bishops, its golden-robed Chancellor.
24Jun1870, Return to Chiswick – London – I drove with Lou to poor, silent, altered Chiswick (after the death of the Dow. Duchess Sutherland). The Prince of Wales has it for the present, and is going to give a big breakfast there to-morrow ; but all was deserted to-day. His children come and play here constantly
26Jun1870, The Doubtfullest Legends – London – At 7 we went to a most striking service at S. Mary’s, Crown Street, Soho : congregation of really poor, crowded; the rough people outside coming to the open door to listen ; and a preposterous sermon by a very young man who told the doubtfullest legends as if they were Gospel.
01Jul1870, My Little Limehouse Girl – London – Drove with Lady Burrell to see Elizabeth Hall, my little Limehouse girl, at Chelsea, and my door-step boy, whom we have just set up, and who had to be lectured on the art of whitening.
04Jul1870, Parenthetic Dinner – London – Went to the House to hear F. move his amendment. Parenthetic dinner at J.G.T.’s, where were Sir Walter and Sarina James. I scolded F. for his speech which he thought fit to gallop through as if somebody was behind him with a pitchfork
09Jul1870, Eton Cricket – London – the Eton 2nd innings was scrubby, all but the 1st 4 scores, and Harrow had 136 to get; really beautiful fielding of Eton (Arthur at long-leg one of the best) had a good deal to do with it ; 6 men were caught out. One bowler (Tollemache) was good ;their fielding, Papa would say, was “fishy.”
11Jul1870, Breakfast wtih Princess Louise – London – Princess Louise and Comte de Paris came to breakfast with the Gladstones ; also the famous M. de Lesseps. I went and heard Mrs. Weldon sing beautifully. Sat by Princess Louise who looked very pretty and was charming and well-mannered as usual.
12Jul1870, Discussing Papal Infallibility – London – Lord Castlerosse, an old-fashioned, Liberal R. Catholic, talked to me about the Infallibility dogma in a most astonishing way. He, in common with most of his sort, dislikes the definition, and thinks it different to what has hitherto been held; The question whether the thing is true or not does not appear to be the point at all!
21Jul1870, The Story of Painter George Mason – London – I saw Mr. Mason the landscape painter at Mr. Richmond’s ; poor man, he looks dying of consumption. Mr. R. told me his terrible strange story. He was brought up as heir to a good fortune, liberally educated, and sent on the “grand tour.” At Rome he heard of his father’s death, and that he was left penniless…
24Jul1870, Mr. Forster Excellent Company – Fox Warren – The house of Mr. Charles Buxton. We find here the Forsters, the Russell Gurneys, and Baron Macai: very pleasant little party. Mr. Forster, rugged odd bear as he is, is excellent company and one likes and respects him. He was deciding to shirk Church along with Mr. Bruce ; but Mrs. F. [FN: Mrs. Forster was daughter of Thomas, and sister of Matthew, Arnold.] came it over him !
04Aug1870, Skirmish at Saarbrück – Holker – Paid a little visit to Their R. H. the cows. There has been a skirmish at Saarbrück [FN: The Franco-Prussian War had just begun.] in which the French had the better of it. The Emperor and the Prince Imperial had joined the army just before. The newspapers are studded with panic-stricken letters…
14Aug1870, Little Field of the Cloth of Gold – Holker – early shouts are heard from Victor’s apartment over the back entrance, and he and William trot opposite ways round the flower-beds, and meet and embrace like Henry VIII and Francis I at the Field of the Cloth of Gold.
23Aug1870, The Tiny Boys and the Gentlemen – Holker – The tiny boys assist at the departure of the gentlemen every morning with triumphant shouts and hat-wavings. William screams, “Good-bye, Gappa — Good-bye, Bobo” (Grandpapa and Bogle—for that name sticks to Lord Shannon).
26Aug1870, He Killed Them As He Sat – Bolton – Luncheon at the gate before you quite get to the Roggan House. I saw Charles shoot 37 birds in one drive. He got 2 out of a pack that flew at him, as he was comfortably sitting with his back to the wall. He killed them as he sat.
September, Age 29
03Sep1870, The Last of Napoleonism Forever – Bolton – A telegram was sent to Cavendish, which was taken up to Thorpe Fell, with the astounding news that the Emperor has capitulated with all that is left of MacMahon’s army, viz. 80,000 men ; giving himself up to the King of Prussia. So falls the Empire, and surely with it the last of Napoleonism for ever. The skirmish at Saarbrück which began the war was on August 3rd
06Sep1870, A Cheese Factory – Longford – [FN: The house of the Hon. Edward Coke, who married the Hon. Diana Agar Ellis, Lord F’s cousin] Di took me about her delightsome, lovely garden ; and we went to the cheese factory, which Mr. Coke is much agog about. It is the first opened in England on the American plan, and they have an American manager, Schemmerhorn.
19Sep1870, Confirmation in Cartmel Church – Holker – There was a Confirmation of about 200 in Cartmel Church : the new Bishop (Harvey Goodwin) made good charges, earnest, simple, and to the point ; it was altogether a very solemn and touching sight.
21Sep1870, A Ride to Chapel Island – Holker – One of these days I rode with F. on the sand to Chapel Island. He rode “Republic,” a new hunter got by Eddy t’other day, chestnut, without a white hair, and so named in honour of the events in Paris.
23Sep1870, The Capture of Rome – Holker – The great war so absorbs one that an event probably far more enduring in its effects hardly excites talk. The King of Italy and his army, after some fighting, have taken possession of Rome as the capital of Italy : the Pope being of course no longer defended by French soldiers. Can this really be the Fall of the Temporal power ?
30Sep1870, The First Post-cards – Stetton – came here with the Duke for the opening of the splendid new Mechanics’ Institute at Keighley. Lord Houghton spoke and sat by me at luncheon : he showed off one of the new “halfpenny cards” [FN: The first post-cards.] (which are to come into use to-morrow) on which he had written a note in Italian to his sister. They are neat little articles, with the stamp printed on the back : you send them open through the post.
06Oct1870, How French the French Are! – Holker – The only communication with Paris is by balloons. The citizens are said to be orderly ; but 0 how French the French are ! The papers say that Jules is always hugging Jacques, and all the talk and jabber and martial struts and “manifestations” and offerings of bouquets to the Strasburg statue sound unearthly and babyish.
13Oct1870, Princess Louise Engaged to Lord Lorne! – Holker – The astonishing news came to Emma from her sister May of Lorne’s engagement to Princess Louise!! It is a really good precedent, I do believe ; but, as a first experiment, they had better have chosen somebody with fewer belongings and more money. Fancy Princess Louise with such a tribe of brothers-in-law, one of them a Liverpool merchant! …They are said to be much in love, specially he
10Nov1870, What Is To Be Done With Rank – Chatsworth – Endless are the gossips and conjectures about the future of “Prince and Princess Lorne” : what is to be done with her rank and his ; will she have a “lady” ; will he have a peerage ; will she go after Royal Duchesses ; will he be allowed to go on with politics ? etc., etc.
16Nov1870, The Sandwiches Went – Chatsworth – Ld. and Ly. Howard of Glossop came. The Sandwiches and Mr. Cheney went.
17Nov1870, A Liberal Roman Catholic – Chatsworth – I drove Ly. Howard round the Stand wood : she is a most striking example of what I have never before met with—a Liberal Rom. Cath. Told me she approved of the occupation of Rome by the Italians ; that she totally rejected the “Infallibility notion” as false and against reason…She is an acute little lady.
03Dec1870, A Feeling Against the Prussians – Chatsworth – There is a strong feeling now against the Prussians who, if they had ceased offensive measures after Sedan, with the full glory of that splendid campaign in which the French pride was humbled for ever—Germany united, and an absolutely unsullied cause—how grand would have been their position ! Now they are fighting for blood-thirst and ambition
10Dec1870, A Gathering at Hawarden – Hawarden – We came to dear Hawarden with May, who goes to the Rectory. Find, alas, that Auntie P. has been summoned off to-day to poor little Herbert at Eton, who has a serious attack of peritonitis.
12Dec1870, A Very Pleasant Party – Hawarden – The party here is very pleasant. Mr. Wade sings delightfully, Mr. Balfour is a very pretty quaint tall boy, clever and funny..Mr. M. Muller brilliant, but 0 such a bloodthirsty German ! going in for “rectified frontiers” and endless wars with that view : sickening and disgraceful ! I have not heard him declaim, however, and on other points he is charming.
12Dec1870, A Very Pleasant Party – Hagley – The King of Prussia has proclaimed himself (or some such ceremony) Emperor of Germany at Versailles. All very fine, but F. thinks that if Paris continues to hold out, and forces him, after all the expenditure of men and money, to raise the siege, the German States (other than Prussia), which don’t care about the Hohenzollerns, will overthrow him and go in for a republic.



05Jan1871, Cavendish Violently Sat Upon – Holker – Cavendish has been violently sat upon (sent for to Hawarden for the purpose) by Uncle W. to take the Irish Secretaryship, and has consented, very unwillingly.
14Jan1871, Saltaire Settlement by Sir Titus Salt – Bradford – We went to see the famous “Saltaire,” a complete settlement built by Sir Titus Salt for the work-people employed in his mighty factory (woollen and mixed fabrics). There are numbers of pretty almshouses, beautiful schools and cottages, a great self-supporting dining-hall, an infirmary, a splendid Mechanics’ Institute in course of building, and a big heathen temple in the midst, serving as Independent Chapel.
25Jan1871, The Surrender of Paris – Holker – The Times announces the surrender of Paris, after a very gallantly-borne siege of over 4 months. The news reaching them of the utter defeat of all the “relieving” armies, under Chanzy, Faidherbe, and Bourbaki, must have brought them to it.
30Jan1871,The Starvation Point in Paris – Holker – The surrender of Paris is finally accomplished ; the Germans occupy the forts ; the garrison to be disarmed, and a heavy “requisition” made. The starvation point must have been all but reached, for the very bread that was doled out was made of nasty odds and ends, and fuel was very scarce. The cold has been the cause of terrible sufferings thro’ out the country.
07Feb1871, Alfred Strikes 14 Years Old – London – Darling Alfred strikes 14 to-day : God bless him. He is wonderfully nice and dear : only too perfect in disposition : the sunbeam that he always was, without a cloud.
09Feb1871, Paris: Privation and Suffering – London – It seems to me the strangest thing about this war, that the French have done worst in what they generally do best, viz., fighting, and have excelled in what one supposed them least capable of, viz., long endurance of monotonous privation and suffering, with hardly a complaint or a riot until extremity of famine. In the city, not only were the people quiet, but ordinary vice and crime had nearly ceased. It has been a noble example.
15Feb1871, Princess Louise’s Dowry – London – Dined at the George Howards, meeting Granvilles, Amberleys, Minny Labouchere, and young Mr. Sartoris : various M.P.s failed, being kept at the House to hear Mr. Cardwell’s Army Estimates and vote for Princess L.’s dowry…
21Feb1871, Abolition of the University Tests – London – We dined at No. 11 ; found Uncle W. agog about another piece of Fawcettism : cross division anent University Tests, the abolition whereof was going smoothly thro’ the House ; viz., for the sweeping away of clerical fellowships. Uncle W. very Conservative in heart on the subject ; rather more than I am !
23Feb1871, Voysey Condemned – London – A short time ago, judgment was pronounced in the Privy Council against Voysey, a miserable clergyman who published a book called “The Sling and the Stone,” in which he very distinctly repudiates every article of the Christian Faith except the 1st clause of the Apostles’ Creed.
23Feb1871, Dividing the Church From Heresies – London – It is a blessing in these days to find that, in the eye of the law, there is some line still recognised dividing the Church from heresies.
27Feb1871, Special Secret Committe – London – Ireland is improved and on the whole satisfactory, but there is a regular Riband conspiracy rampant in Westmeath, which has reached such a point that universal terrorism prevails, and murders may be (and many have been) committed with impunity, nobody daring to bear witness. Government decided that this was “intolerable,” and (I think I may confide the dead secret to my faithful journal) Cavendish was desirous of an immediate suspension of Habeas Corpus. Uncle Wm., however, greatly hates this extreme measure
01Mar1871, Peace at Varsailles – London – Peace is signed at Versailles ; the terms are indeed the “pound of flesh,” blood and all ! and it is hard to foresee anything but inextinguishable thirst for vengeance on the part of the French, until they struggle back into a position to fight again.
11Mar1871, Fire Disaster at Holker – London – The Duke and Uncle Richard worked hard, but when F. came down again from an expedition (commanded by the Duke in the advancing dawn !) to get on some borrowed clothes, the drawing-room and library were ungetatable, and alas some good pictures were lostengines came one after another and were efficacious in preventing the fire spreading to the old wing, which however was hardly to be averted except by the providential change of wind at the critical moment when the very doors of communication between the 2 wings were burnt. All is utter ruin of the new wing.
17Mar1871, Seated Matrons and Subdued Peers – London – Little awful drum of seated matrons and subdued peers at Ly. Cowper’s.
22Mar18871, Reading at Hospital – London – the Guardian accounts of the wrecked suburbs and wasted lands round Paris ; winding up with the description of “Prince and Princess Lorne’s” marriage in S. George’s Chapel yesterday.
24Mar1871, Ly. Dufferin at Ly. Cowper’s – London – Took my old May to Lady Cowper’s , which it was nice to do : Ly. Dufferin was there, a lovely sight, in a gown of old chocolate and gold brocade over a blue quilted petticoat.
28Mar1871, The Abolition of Sisters-in-Law Act – London – The bill [FN: I.e. the bill for legalising marriage with a deceased wife’s sister of which Lady Frederick was to the end an ardent and active opponent.] for the “Abolition of sisters-in-law” (a nice name for it) thrown out by a good majority in the Lords.
22Apr1871, Reading an Old Quarterly – Holker – A certain article in a Quarterly of 1843 makes me feel very old ; so immense are the changes in my life-time.
28Apr1871, Taxes and Fairness – London – The rest of the budget withdrawn, and a 2d. income-tax clapt on to cover everything. I don’t think it is fair to put the whole weight on the upper and middle class.
02May1871, Miserable Parisians – London – The miserable Parisians seem to carry on their rebellion, tho’ they arrest one after another of their own leaders ; as worms wriggle when they have lost their heads. Cluseret and Dombrowski (neither of them French) have been at the top of the tree lately ; but they have just tumbled Cluseret down !
06May1871, Paintings by Watts and Leighton – London – Academy with F. at 1.30 ; not frightfully full… There are 2 splendid portraits by Watts of Millais and Leighton. Said Leighton’s pictures I don’t care for ; and young Richmond has painted one of the same type : ancients playing at bowls with nothing on, which I can’t appreciate.
14May1871, A Day at Keble College – Keble College – This is one of the peculiar rules of the College with a view to economy—a common breakfast—and the men seem to like it. Matins and Litany at 9.30, and then we saw, I suppose, the whole College : 31 undergraduates, 2 tutors, the Bursar, etc. Next October they expect to double their numbers
16May1871, The Place Vendome Column Pulled Down – London – The last exploit of the “Commune” has been to condemn the poor beautiful Place Vendome column as an insult to international feeling ! and one of these days it was pulled down with a crash.
17May1871, Versailles Troops in Paris – London – The Versailles troops have at last entered Paris, and met with but little organized resistance.
25May1871, La Semaine Sanglante – London – It is too true that Paris is being destroyed by the miserable insurgents, who have deliberately fired the glorious public buildings with petroleum. The Tuileries is burnt to ashes ; also the Hotel de Ville and a large part of the Louvre ; other buildings, including S. Eustache, are more or less injured, and the mad people are constantly being caught flinging petroleum into houses—a body of firemen were found pumping it upon the flames instead of water.
27May1871, Hideous Murderous Fighting in Paris – Chatsworth – The most hideous murderous fighting is going on inside burning Paris : the regulars dragging out and shooting everyone found with arms in their hands, and putting to death women and children who fling petroleum into houses. Many women fight, and the insurgents make considerable resistance behind barricades. But they are nearly stamped out now.
05Jun1871, Farewell Glorious Place! – Chatsworth – Farewell ! glorious place ! The last evening or two I have sat in the little state-room about 7, rejoicing in the perfection of things seen from the window. The lovely stretch of lawn, the stately trees on either side of the Emperor pond, the park sloping steeply up ; and the grand crown of woods, all in “various green.”
10Jun1871, Church Matters – London – Uncles twain [FN: I.e. Mr. Gladstone and the Rev. the Hon. William Lyttelton.] had an interesting argument upon whether the admission into English Orders ought not to be allowed under less stringent terms of subscription. Uncle W., true to his old Church colours, strong against further relaxation…
14Jun1871, Talking With Lord Russell – London – No less (and no bigger) a person than Lord Russell took me in to dinner, and was delightful, with his dry humourous anecdotes. Said his 1st political recollection was Pitt’s going out of office ; also said Lord Castlereagh used to be very kind to him, but, on his displeasing him once, told him he ought to be whipped ! He remembers…
20Jun1871, Unmitigated Boys and Girls Don’t Do! – London – We had a portentously dull dinner party, F. not arriving till afterwards and Sissy Ashley coming minus husband. Unmitigated boys and girls don’t do ! and we had no couple. Even Gertrude was struck with sotto-voce shyness ; Mary Howard, Messrs. Strutt, Sturgis, and Willy held their tongues ; Beilby Lawley made fitful conversation with me, Edith asked questions and I prosed.
01Jun1871, “Le Malade Imaginaire” – London – Treat of all treats, F. took me to the “Théâtre Français” play, at the new house ; Opéra Comique. Two acts of “Le Menteur,” and “Le Malade Imaginaire” : perfectly done.
06Jul1871, House of Commons Can’t Work – London – I can’t take any interest in this dull, cross Session, with its endless powder-of-post talk. A fragment of the Army Bill has passed… The worst of the whole business is that people begin to say the House of Commons can’t or won’t work, and that it is becoming unworthy of exercising its high functions. Oh for working sub-committees, such as we work Woodford with !
08Jul1871, Lord Tennyson: Rat-Taily Hair – The Coppice – I partook of no less than 3 teas : Sir J. Lefevre’s, Auntie P.’s at Downing Street, and Charlotte Spencer’s to Ly. Superintendents. At Downing Street I was introduced to Tennyson, a dirty man with opium-glazed eyes and rat-taily hair hanging down his back. He asked if Papa still translated…
10Jul1871, Dressed a la George IV – London – Dined at the Arkwrights’ and played a rubber with old Lord Bathurst dressed a la George IV.
11Jul1871, The Princess Royal – London – It was nice to see our dear little Princess Royal again : her face and whole self the most loveable and winning that can be imagined, considering that she is just a little bunchy German woman. But it is the Queen’s grace, dignity, and straightforward kindliness of manner exactly. She came into the room asking eagerly for Agnes…
14Jul1871, Brothers at Cricket – London – Went to Lord’s for the Eton and Harrow, and had the delightful excitement of seeing Bob get 29 in a very masterly manner, he having only just scratched into the 11. It is only lately that he has begun to do at all well at cricket, but his batting is now very good…Dined at the Stratford de Redcliffe’s : I sat by him, and he was as agreeable as ever. Heard both Pitt and Fox speak when he was a boy.
22Jul18871, Visiting Limehouse – London – I went with Miss Oldfield to Limehouse, where we visited good Miss Lilley, who took us to see Sarah Dorrington, a young woman who was once a mission woman in the parish, now dying of internal disease.
25Jul1871, Rather She Than I – Wrest – To Wrest this evening ; find Lady Cowper, Florence, and Annabel ; Florence engaged to Auberon Herbert (rather she than I !) ; a very nice brother of said Auberon, Alan, who was in practice as physician in Paris and staid there thro’ the siege…
01Aug1871, A Galloping Ride With Fred – London – My Fred and I had a nice galloping ride in the cool of the day after 7.
02Aug1871, Visiting the Needy – London – Our last tête-à-tête dinner. Eye Infirmary : farewell reading. Abbey. Drove with Atie. P. to Ld. Townshend’s school at Chelsea, where I have a Limehouse girl ; thence to an Infant School treat of Stephy’s in Lambeth : 200 children to tea at a total cost of abt. 30s.!!
02Aug1871, Visiting the Needy – London – Our last tête-à-tête dinner. Eye Infirmary : farewell reading. Abbey. Drove with Atie. P. to Ld. Townshend’s school at Chelsea, where I have a Limehouse girl ; thence to an Infant School treat of Stephy’s in Lambeth : 200 children to tea at a total cost of abt. 30s.!!
12Aug1871, Great Crookrise Day – Bolton Abbey – Great Crookrise day : marvellous shooting. Frank had 102 birds at luncheon time : total bag, 948 birds.
21Aug1871, Cheerful Old Couple – Bolton – Saw the dear old Jenkinson couple, who always remind me of the “Hampshire Cottage”—the old man bent stiff and double, the old woman entirely crippled and helpless with rheumatism, but both cheerful and wrapt up in each other.
22Aug1871, A Hideous Adventure – Bolton – We all went up to luncheon at Lords Stoup, but cd. not come in for a drive. Had a hideous adventure coming home with an unfortunate wounded grouse whom in Christian charity we were forced to kill, and which had more lives than a cat and more blood than an ox.
25Aug1871, Sarina James Engaged to A. Godley – Bolton – Sarina James is engaged to be married to Arthur Godley [FN: Afterwards Mr. Gladstone’s private secretary ; and now Lord Kilbracken.], son of Papa’s dear old friend, and a brilliantly clever, delightful fellow.
30Aug1871, Shooting at Bolton – Bolton – Dear old Charles went, having killed 1,000 birds all but 4…August 30th, 1871.—Poor Cavendish is not in good shooting trim after his endless grind in London and Ireland, and left off after luncheon.
September, Age 30
06Sep1871, Forty-five Shorthorns Sold for £10,000 – Holker – A great Holker day indeed !—the thought of which must long have haunted Mr. Drewry’s dreams by night as it has absorbed his [thoughts] every day — a great sale of shorthorns. We got ourselves up beautifully, and all the place was alive with visitors ; amongst others in the “ring” were…
07Sep1871, Shipbuilding at Barrow – Holker – The Eddies, the Duke, and we went to pay our respects to Barrow and show it off to the Hugh Smiths, whom we pickt up at Furness Abbey. The jute mills are roofed and 60 machines are already up in the weaving shed, to be at work next month. We went on to Barrow Island, where shipbuilding sheds are getting up, and a keel is actually laid down…
10Sep1871, Duchess Dies After Childbirth – Holker – A terrible tragedy has happened, the death of the young Duchess of S. Albans of fever a fortnight after her confinement. The brightest and most winning of creatures in the full tide of earthly happiness. She was everything to poor Mrs. Grey.. and her young sisters — herself only 22. And that poor little Duke left with 3 tiny children.
24Sep1871, Thoughts on the National Church – Lismore – The meagre be-stuccoed Cathedral, with its frightful pews placed all sorts of ways, but principally so as to turn people’s backs on the altar, the pulpit elevated like an object of worship at the end ; the scattered genteel congregation, the ranting clergyman with his two insufferably bad extempore prayers, and the dumb and dead service : all this was very painful. Thank God, the Prayer Book is the Prayer Book, however !
08Oct1871, Went to Early Communion – Hagley – My health is so good and I am so entirely unaffected one way or the other by food and hours of meals that it is no help to me, spiritually, to communicate fasting ; and the long morning service is what I seem to want to put my mind and soul in tune.
14Oct1871, Remembering The Beautiful Duchess, Georgiana – Hagley – among others, one from the Beautiful Duchess of Dev. to her parents, written soon after her marriage, from Hardwick, speaking in a childlike way of her enjoyment of the place, and how there was no fear but that she would be happy in a simple country life. Poor creature!
30Oct1871, Hunting in the Rain – Bolton – Old Nevy 26 to-day. Rained steadily and nastily with little cessation. The Dauntless Duke and his faithful few went up manfully to the moors nevertheless ; but first Eddy, then Frank and Mr. Strutt, sneaked home! — Grand total, 14,273 head. We got to Chatsworth at dinner.
20Nov1871, Elbe: Voyage to the West Indies – On Board the “Elbe” – I did pretty well, though still unhappy dressing, and finding food a bitter necessity. Poor F. worse than me, Sir Thos. wusserer, Ly. B. wusserest.
21Nov1871, Elbe: A Little Hungry – On Board the “Elbe” – I am well and cheerful! and getting a little hungry ; luncheon and dinner below. Here we are in heavenly weather and hot sun ; the sea indulging in a great slow rolling swell which keeps some folks miserable still ; but it is grand…
24Nov1871, Elbe: Getting Very Comfortable – On Board the “Elbe” – We are getting very comfortable, and curl ourselves round on board wonderfully. It is truly strange that one bears up as one does against the remarkable proceedings that take place before the dawn…
25Nov1871, Elbe: Rocked All Day – On Board the “Elbe” – Rocked all day in smooth waters and indescribable soft loveliness. The sunset from the bows never to be forgotten, the gorgeous colour semi-circling the placid sea ; the full moon on the other side silvering the whole atmosphere and bringing great diamonds out of the rippling waves…
28Nove1871, Elbe: Magnets and the Compass – On Board the “Elbe” – The excellent Captain told me the most bewildering things abt. the compass and the effect produced upon the needle by the iron of the ship : the newest dodge to counteract it is putting 2 magnets at the foot of each compass-stand at right angles to each other.
01Dec1871, Elbe: Endless Novelty and Wonder – On Board the “Elbe” – While it was still too dark to make out anything clearly, the breeze brought a delightful aromatic smell to us, like the dear Great House [FN: I.e., of course, the great Hot-house.] at Chatsworth, and what a thought, that we are coming into a region that is all Great House !
05Dec1871, First Day in Kingston – Kingston – the beauty was indescribable. The first thing that struck one all of a heap was the common roadside hedges being made of huge cacti!…The luggage went up this last stage on the heads of negroes ! At last we came into a clean little bungalow of a house all open doors and windows, and were kindly received by Sir John Grant, a big nice Scotchman. Civilised dressing and dinner very nice ! The only other guests are certain Hutchins’s ; he came about irrigation business.
08Dec1871, A Coffee Plantation – Craigton – Capt. L. rode with us to Middleton, a coffee plantation of the Duke of Buckingham’s, and we saw the clean, pleasant process of preparing the berry. Strings of ladies with attendant gentlemen were going goose-file down the precipitous bridle-paths in correct Rotten Row get-up, chimney-pots and all, on their way to a ball.
11Dec1871, Too English – Our only quarrel with the life in this lovely fairyland is that they treat one in too English a fashion : English hours and English food and English dinner parties at 8 ! We were 12 at dinner to-night ; however, one is glad to see people and pick their brains. Mr. Brooks took us to see the school, a nice little building..
12Dec1871, A Day at the Races – Came down with the Governor to Kingston for the races ; rather funny my seeing my 1st race in Jamaica !..Good old Capt. Cooper and his sister gave us a handsome luncheon. We were surprised at the absence of anything like state ; but Sir J. can’t abide it ; he drove into the town in the usual rattletrap, buggy-like carriage and there was no reception ; only the band struck up “God save the Queen” as he walked out of the stand.
15Dec1871, Market Day – Mohogany Hall – We met large numbers of well-to-do well-dressed black people streaming down the mountain with loads of fruit, yams, plantains, bananas, etc., on their heads or on mules, it being market day ; all of them, I believe, small freeholders. What I like in the people is their cheerful, friendly civility : “Good marnin’, missis Good marnin’, Squire !” (to Mr. F. [FN: A Mr. Fisher, their host.]) on all occasions.
16Dec1871, Discussing Gov. Eyre – Orange Valley – Mr. Kerr broke into some excitement and much perspiration abt. Gov. Eyre : all the planters strongly side with him as far as we have seen ; Mr. Royes alone allowing with any candour that the violent measures went on too long. Mr. K. cd. say nothing to the query why 400 blacks were to be put to death in return for 20 whites and after the Govr.’s own official declaration that the rising was quelled : a pause ensued…
17Dec1871, Old Slave-Holder Contempt – Hermitag – These people are very kind and pleasant, if only they wd. not (some of them) talk of the blacks with the true old slave-holder sort of contempt : whether justified or not by facts, it comes with the worst of grace from any English people, whose forefathers have most of the evils to answer for, having held the poor creatures enslaved, and forbidden their education.
18Dec1871, To Work or Be Independent – He manages his negro population with peculiar tact apparently, for he gets them to work for him all the year round ; how, is a mystery, or indeed how anybody gets any regular work done for wages ; the negroes being able to live even on small acre or half-acre freehold plots ; and to do well on larger ones, which they seem able to buy at a cheaper rate than they can rent them.
20Dec1871, The Most Dreadful Evening – Giddy Hall – Up among the hills again to (Blank) Hall in a lovely situation ; but a horrible fate was ours—our host, Mr. (Blank), a coarse-looking man, received us at 6, so drunk that he could not speak plain. Mercifully another Farquharson and wife, nice people, dined and kept things decent ; but it was the most dreadful evening I ever underwent.



01Jan1872, News of the Prince of Wales – On Board the ‘Arno’ – England has just passed (as we trust) safely through a great and touching crisis. The English packet, the Nile, brought us letters and papers up to the 16th ; all are full of the P. of Wales ; the feeling most deep and universal.
04Jan1872, Impressions of Barbados – Governor’s House Barbados – …The people are far more ragged than in Jamaica, stark naked children being common ; the numbers are such that they are forced to work for the lowest wages or starve, and thousands ought by hook or crook to be emigrated to S. Lucia or even Jamaica, so as to force up wages and bring about a more decent state of things. However, all looks thriving…
05Jan1872, Sir Briggs Shows Off Farley Hill – Farley Hill – Sir G. B. bore us off, and Dismal [FN: Mr., afterwards Sir William, Des Voeux, Governor of Hongkong, whom she always called “Dismal Jemmy.”], in the early morning, and we arrived at his house, Farley Hill,..Odd to say, we were treated to an impromptu and highly regal reception : triumphal arches, all the population turning out, and general excitement. We are told the chief enthusiasm is over F. as “a Lord” ; a Lady being of course a comparatively humdrum being
09Jan1872, Croquet Wanted Special Science – Government House – Croquet in the evening on a lawn (?) in which the grass grows only in scanty ragged tufts ; when you try to break off a blade up comes the whole valuable tuft. It has been showery weather, and altogether the croquet wanted special science.
23Jan1872, Rowing Past Château Belair – The Gardens, St. Vincent – Passed a lovely little town called Château Belair, which fired a salute (i.e., the Wesleyan schoolmaster popped off a musket) and hoisted a Union Jack in honour of the Governor ; so we pulled in near the shore and made affable bows. Landed at Wallaboo about six and walked up to a nice little house on a hill
25Jan1872, To be Remembered in One’s Dreams – Convn. of S. Paul – We wound out of the valley on to a high narrow ridge, which opened to us an equally wonderful valley on the other side ; and as we went on, we got into the glorious thick of the vegetation, so that one had to push aside the long plantain leaves on either hand and ride under the shadow of the ferns. The track became truly surprising..
29Jan1872, Final Thoughts on Jamaica– On Board the ‘Nile’ – I carry away rather conflicting notions of the negroes. Sir J. C. Grant won’t have it that they are lazy ; and indeed it does not look like it in Jamaica, where so many of the settlers do well, carrying their produce miles to market, and often looking thoroughly thriving and comfortable. On the other hand…
06Feb1872, A Storm at Sea– On Board the ‘Nile’ – Shortly after came a mighty thump against the ship’s side which made me think, though I knew it was impossible, that we had struck ; but it was only a sea which proceeded to pour through the skylights souse on to my back ; cold pig the second, very chilly and surprising. Poor D. J. [FN: Dismal Jemmy .] disappeared from sight…
22Feb1872, Handsome and Love-lorn Hubert Parry – London – Dined at Portl. Pl. [FN: Her father’s house.], meeting Ly. A. Compton, Helen Gladstone, Mr. Strutt, the handsome and love-lorn Hubert Parry, who may not marry his Maude Herbert for a long while, viewing money ; darling King Alfred, etc. Nice music and singing.
23Feb1872, A Strange Will and Gov. Eyre – London – Uncle W. plunged con amore into Jamaican politics and told us of his father’s odd will leaving his sugar estates, when they were at the lowest ebb of value, to be divided inalienably among his four daughters-in-law ! His sons desired only to sell these shares to their brother Robertson ; but could not do so legally ; and Uncle W. was advised that his only dodge was to put a clause into his own will disinheriting anybody who should dispute the sale !
27Feb1872, Thanksgiving for the Prince’s Recovery – London – Such a sight can never have been seen before. From Buckingham Palace up Pall Mall and the Strand thro’ the City to the Cathedral was one mighty multitude and one continued acclamation. The Queen and Prince sat in one carriage, with the Prss. of Wales, Princess Beatrice, and little Prince Edward bodkin : the other Princes were in another carriage with little Prince George. There were nine other carriages…
01Mar1872, The Queen is Attacked – London – It seems he hoped (sanguine!) to frighten her into signing a paper he had for the release of the Fenian prisoners;..The Queen behaved beautifully ; she was horribly frightened, and just called out “Save me” to Lady Churchill, who was next to her ; but the next thing she did was to beg the guards not to hurt the scamp as he struggled with them
04Mar1872, The Course of Events Like a Drama – London – Dean Stanley and Ly. Augusta came in after dinner : the Dean was in his element, and very delightful, talking of the loyal outburst in the country. He said nothing cd. have been imagined more striking than the course of events, and indeed it has been like a drama. The grumbling Republicanism culminating almost in threats, followed by the illness of the Prince, and that illness one so prolonged as to melt all hearts and awaken all sympathies,..
11Mar1872, Monstrous Clothes – London – Drawingroom, to which I went with Lou, diverging to the common herd in the Palace and joining M. I thought the dear Queen looked rayonnante : she spoke to me. A large assortment of monstrous clothes was to be seen ; in particular one yellow train over a pink gown.
18Mar1872, Gladstone Not a Jesuit in Disguise – London – A cosy scratch dinner of Uncle Dick, Prime Minister and Mrs., Mesd. Talbot and Johnny. Talked Churchums a good deal —it amused me to think, as I listened to Uncle W.’s regular old-fashioned, rather Conservative, and strongly anti-Roman High Churchism, how many Whalley-Newdigateites put him down as a Jesuit in disguise.
24Mar1872, Mr. Wilkinson and Dismal Jemmy at Church – London – It was D. J. [FN: “Dismal Jemmy” (Sir George William Des Vœux)] (a cousin-in-law of Mr. W.) who got us places : he is himself “under the wand of the enchanter,” and in a strange state of suppressed excitement. Mr. W. set him to work to bring round a sceptical communistic publican ! So D. J. paid the man a visit ; offered him a cigar, and had a good political talk
03Apr1872, Alfred is Confirmed – Hagley – My darling Alfred was Confirmed at 3 o’clock by the Bp. of Worcester : the last of Mamma’s children has now “put away childish things.” These 15 years of his sunny life have been cloudless, loving, innocent
05Apr1872, The Famous Mr. Maurice has Died – Holker – The famous Mr. Maurice is just dead ; the papers for the most part speak of him with great respect, and indeed I believe he was a true Saint, though perhaps with the misfortune, which seems to belong to some schools of thought, of inspiring his disciples with his errors rather than his truths.
28Apr1872, Dr. Vaughan Preacht Well – London – We went a.m. to the dear Temple, which was crowded. Dr. Vaughan preacht well, I believe ; but I grieve to say I was taken sleepy and lost much.
30Apr1872, Visiting the Kent Penitentiary – London – Had a nice interesting expedition with the J. G. T.’s to see the Kent Penitentiary, [FN: Founded by John Talbot.] which M. calls Johnny’s eldest child : he started it the year they were married, after hearing a sermon on the duty of all to do something for fallen women.
01May1872, Religious Discussion at Dinner – London – Drum at the Gladstones’. We were parted for dinner : F. going to the Speaker, I to the Admiralty. Old Mr. Villiers took me in, and was highly agreeable till he plunged into the Education question (as to which he is a bitter League man) and thence into the most sacred religious subjects.
07May1872, A Tiring Tea at Buckingham Palace – London – 5 o’clock tea at Buck. Palace — rather hind-leggy and tiring. The old “Empress of Germany,” horridly painted and curled as she was, pleased me by her long, civil, and feeling speech to the Loyd Lindsays abt the Sick and Wounded Fund. He stood bowing his tall flaxen head, without a word to say of course ! in answer to the flow of compliments.
08May1872, Dinner, Drum and Ball – London – Dinner with the tall and handsome and noble-looking couple, Ld, and Ly. Brownlow. Met beautiful Ly. de Vesci, Ld. and daughter, Holfords, etc. Drum at Ly. L. Mills’ ; lovely ball with G. G. at Ly. Bristol’s—all gorgeous with flowers and plants
09May1872, Breakfast with the King of the Belgians – London – We bkfasted one of these days at No. 11 to meet the King of the Belgians. Herbert the painter, the most affected of men, rhapsodized in his ridiculous sham broken English abt the King’s likeness to S. Louis and Francis I. He certainly is exactly like the pictures of the latter.
29May1872, Talking with Di, Taciturn Husbands – Longford – Di and I talked with little cessation, to the silent admiration of our taciturn husbands.
30May1872, The New Singer, Emma Albani – London – I went to see Dev. House; and M. had the treat of going to the Opera (Royal Box) with Emma, and hearing the new singer Albani. A nice-looking but rather skinny and school-girly creature with a lovely voice.
01Jun1872, The Alabama Question – London – Both Governments are said to be really aggrieved, but the American Govt. object to eating humble pie too ostensibly, chiefly, I believe, because they hate to do anything at all unpopular on the eve of their tiresome Presidential election. What a pity they don’t elect their precious Presidents for a much longer period, and never re-elect them !
15Jun1872, Meeting Poor Lady Mayo – London – “This is the widow of a murdered man”
25Jun1872, Maude Herbert Marries Hubert Parry – London – Maude Herbert was married to Hubert Parry at S. Paul’s, Knightsbridge. There was something very beautiful in the sight from the W. door : the light concentrating in the fine open lofty choir, with its flower-decked altar ; the cloudy white of the bride and bridesmaids’ garments
29Jun1872, A Golden Day – London – We went to Hatfield for the opening of the restored church there : it was a crowded congregation and nice singing : Liddon preacht a noble sermon on Loyalty and Self-sacrifice for the Church. Afterwards we went about the glorious place with the Talbots and Uncle Dick, etc., and my Fred enjoyed it, and I was very happy. Heavenly weather. Dined at No. 11, to meet the Pr. and Prss. of Wales and the Lornes ; pleasant dinner…
02Jul1872, A Smart Dinner at Dev. House – London – Very hot and delightful. Dudley House concert in aid of Woodford and Hawarden Orphanage. Ly. Augusta Stanley’s window-gardening show. Smart dinner at Dev. H. in the big square room. Very splendid and stately : Lornes, Tecks, Granvilles, Brownlows, Tallee, Spencers. Tail.
03Jul1872, Entertaining the Hospital Nurses – London – Atie. P. and I spent the day at Seymour Court near Marlow, where Mrs. Helbert and her darling children helped us to entertain 25 of the L. Hospital nurses. The day much spoilt by our sad anxiety over poor Mrs. H. herself, who was in terrible danger of joining the Ch. of Rome
13Jul1872, Eton Beating Harrow at Cricket – London – Cricket match ended with eclat at 6, Eton beating Harrow, 7.27 to the good, with 6 wickets to go down, Alfred and another taking their bats out. Alack ! this admitted of neither Bob nor Edwd. having a 2nd innings ; but Edwd. fielded nicely…All 8 Lyttelton brothers were on the ground
17Jul1872, M. Bunsen and World Events – London – Dined with the Forsters : a M. Bunsen was there and was interesting : said the Germans wd prevent an Italian Jesuit succeeding the Pope ; talked in a creepy, confident way of the impending war between Prussia and Austria on the one hand, Russia and France and Turkey on the other.
20Jul1872, Fred Becomes Private Sect. to Gladstone – Betteshanger – My Fred came at dinner-time, with the great piece of news that he has decided on accepting Uncle W.’s Private Secretaryship ; a post involving much trust and intimacy, and wanting F.’s particular experience, knowledge of the P.M., and Cavendish caution, straight-forwardness, good sense, and weight. None of the family seem to me to be quick or brilliant, but they have the most wonderful accuracy, thoroughness, and grasp of a subject.
22Jul1872, Paupers in the East End – Betteshanger – Heavy and thundery air. Left kind, nice Bettesh. and went from Cannon St. with Agnes to E. End. Paupers very smelly and hot, poor things.
24Jul1872, Eight Lyttelton Brothers and a Pack of Small Cecils – London – The old 8 brothers dined together at Eton and marched about the playing-fields, singing all the songs they cd. think of. . . . Little Downing St. garden tea : a pack of small Cecils with Ly. Salisbury : very ugly, clever children.
27Jul1872, We Cleverly Missed the Train – London – Christina Nillson was married in W. Abbey to a man said to be a bankrupt Parisian stockbroker. We cleverly missed the train, so filled up the time with a ride, meeting Cavendish on a lovely quondam racer which broke a blood-vessel and had to retire from the profession.
05Aug1872, Interview with a Drunken Woman – London – My last E. End journey. I had an interview with a drunken woman (wife of a respectable old man in the Workhouse) who has been in prison for a fortnight and come out with a wish to reform. There is a laundry just opened on purpose to reclaim drunkards, and I have told her of it.
09Aug1872, With Sybella and Salkins – Hagley – Drove with Sybella and Salkins [FN: Le. the two-year-old Sarah Lyttelton.(wife of the editor and author of the footnotes)] to Stourbridge, the dot full of puckish waggery.
11Aug1872, Sweet-Briar Smell – Bolton – A dear Bolton Sunday, not to be spoilt even by pouring weather all the morning. Afterwds came a “clear shining after rain,” and all the old delights of rushing waters, grey abbey, deep green and sweet-briar smell coming up to the window.
15Aug1872, First Ballot Election – Bolton – The 1st Ballot election has come off at Pontefract, Mr. Childers having vacated his seat by taking the Chancellorship of the Duchy ; a very doubtful candidate in the shape of Lord Pollington opposed him and was beaten by only 80 votes. Great numbers of electors seem not to have voted, and there was comical confusion and difficulty over the “illiterate voters” and their marks ; but of course peace and quiet and no drinking.
21Aug1872, A Heavy Blow at Home Rule – Bolton – There are horrid Orange and Popish riots going on in Belfast, both parties tearing each other to pieces, and combining occasionally to fall upon the police. The list of maimed, wounded, and even dead is like civil war. What is to be done with such people? Folks say this to-do will deal a heavy blow at “Home Rule” cries.
30Aug1872, Cheerful Patience – Bolton – Lou. and I paid visits at Halton ; the dear old rheumatic man Jenkinson lost his wife in the winter ; she had been helpless for 11 years. They were always wonderful patterns of cheerful patience : more than any sermon to one.
September, Age 31
02Sep1872, The Lovely Charlotte Spencer – Bolton – Dismal rain again : the poor gentlemen sat sadly abt the house until after luncheon, when it cleared and they set forth merrily. I had a nice little walk with my once and for ever Queen of Hearts, Charlotte Spencer. She is still the same lovely and delightful thing that first won my heart when I was 18.
04Sep1872, Out in a Thunderstorm – Bolton – Dingy weather, with a sharp thunderstorm, which caught Emma, Charlotte, and me in the Valley of Desolation just after sending the carriage away. Eddy, not shooting, was luckily with us, and we mounted the Queen of Ireland upon his pony, on which she arrived before us at the Aigill barn. No prettier picture can be imagined than the lovely creature, broom in hand, opening the little barn door to admit us ; she had been sweeping it out.
09Sep1872, Nobody Hurt After Shooting – Holker – Rather a black Monday, for leaving Bolton is always grievous ; but it has been a long and happy holyday and one ought not to wish it lengthened. Nobody hurt—always a blessing at the end of a month’s shooting. The Eddies went off to Madresfield.
11Sep1872, The Times are Grim – Holker – Terrible weather for the harvest abt. here ; the times are grim altogether ; meat and coals frightfully dear and bread threatening to be ; potato rot very general, and the agricultural labourers a good deal out on strike. I am glad the labourers have learnt to combine
15Sep1872, The Horrible Chapel – Holker – The horrible chapel sat upon me more than usual..
19Sep1872, The Athanasian Creed Controversy – Holker – The Guardian full of the Athanasian Creed controversy, which rages as hot as ever. Pusey, Liddon, Malcolm MacColl, and, I believe, a large following of clergy, intend to give up their ministry in the Church if either the creed or the rubric attached to it are touched.
30Sep1872, Read Omnivorously – Holker – Read rather omnivorously to-day. With F., Bryce’s “Holy Roman Empire” and an Essay of De Quincey’s ; with Emma, a Bampton Lecture, by Curteis ; to myself, a good deal of “Ann. Register” for 1815
12Oct1872, Good Fat Princess Mary – Holker – Eddies returned from a do-ment at Lytham. The Tecks opened a park near Southport, and went to see Liverpool : great crowds and enthusiasm, which seems to have rather astonished and much delighted good fat Princess Mary .
21Oct1872, Year’s Total is 14,475 Head – Bolton – They did not go out till 10.30, but then, as the rain slackened a little, the untiring Duke announced it wd be milksoppy to wait any longer, and off rode the luckless party. They came home drowned, but not till dark, the Duke having had no notion of giving up, tho’ it never stopped raining all day, and poured after luncheon. Bag sadly small. This year’s total, 14,475 head.
28Oct1872, Building Eaton Hall – Hawarden – F. and I rode to Eaton [FN: The Duke of Westminster was then building Eaton Hall.] to see the Westminsters who took us all over the house and grounds, still in chaos of scaffolding, levelling, building, and pulling down, but promising to be most successful, only on too enormous a scale, to my thinking.
11Nov1872, Sumner Describes Great Boston Fire – Chatsworth – Frank and Lou went on a visit to Newstead Abbey, to my grief : for I have no enjoyment of the headship of affairs at Chatsworth. Mr. Sumner, the American politician, came ; whom I saw last in ’59 at Althorp, and remember well going into ecstasies over the library there. He was distressed at the horrible fire, almost on the Chicago scale, which is raging at Boston
12Nov1872, Sumner a Mighty Talker – Chatsworth – Mr. Sumner, who last saw Emma as well as me 13 years ago, seems to view us both in the light of “the girls he left behind him” and devoted himself to us all day. We took him over the garden, sat and talked with him, or rather sat and listened to him, for a mighty talker is he.
14Nov1872, Wrong Time for London – London – Came to London for the month of Cabinets because of F.’s Private Secretaryship. Utterly mad and odd this seems to me, who have never stayed in London this time of year.
17Nov1872, Memoirs of Baron Stockmar – London – The W. E. G.’s and Mr. Glyn dined with us. Uncle W. anxious to hear all about one Mr. Haweis, a clever preacher beginning to be famous ; and also full of a Memoir of Baron Stockmar which is just out, and which he thinks the most flagrantly indiscreet thing in the world ; it has aggravated the poor Queen inasmuch as it puts the Baron into such a position of chief adviser as rather sinks the Prince Consort into a second place.
26Nov1872, The Life of Cowper by Southey – London – Lately I have been reading for anything but the 1st time that pathetic thing, the Life of Cowper by Southey. It always interests and absorbs me strangely and I get such overflows of compassion for that sad soul as I can’t describe.
27Nov1872, Playgoing Dinner-Party – London – We had a little playgoing dinner-party of Willy and Harry Gladstone and Alfred Howard, and went to see “Charles I” at the Lyceum. Irving, who played the King, was sufficiently like him and acted with sufficient dignity and pathos to make much impression on one ; and I was a little niobe at the parting with the children.
29Nov1872, The Men-Servants Make Deadlocks – London – The Algy Wests, Trevelyans, Mr. Glyn, and Cavendish dined ; and the men-servants chose the occasion for making deadlocks all through dinner ; dealing out crashes with the lift, smashing a big dish, and sticking in the mud generally ; the worst of all being the omission of the oysters, which were brought up with great pomp and never handed round ! !
01Dec1872, At St. Paul’s With Dean Church – London – Walked after luncheon to the Deanery, S. Paul’s, whence we went under the wing of the Dean and Mrs. Church into the Cathedral. Liddon preacht grandly, his wonderful voice gaining in power and penetration to the very end of his 50 minutes ; but he streamed with perspiration !
04Dec1872, Her Letter is Published – London – A letter of mine on the Ath. Creed signed A. H. P. appeared, to my great excitement.
05Dec1872, Uncle Wm. In High-Gee – London – Uncle W. still high-gee theology : he is reading a horrible new atheistic book of Strauss’s, to Atie. P.’s great irritation ! But I am glad, and only hope he may be led to write something great in answer.
07Dec1872, Little Wilfrid Ashley – London – Visited Sissy Ashley. Little Wilfrid [FN: Now the Rt. Hon. Wilfrid Ashley, Minister of Transport.] Ashley, a beautiful boykin, with great violet eyes.
09Dec1872, Plans for Keble College Chapel – London – We dined at Portland Place, meeting the dear Keble couple, who showed off the plans of the Chapel, which are excellent. Mr. Gibbs is going to build out of his own pocket-£30,000. The plans are too odd (Butterfield) for me to be sure I altogether like them
14Dec1872, Everything in Place Cavendish Style – Chatsworth – The house is getting into order by dint of much marching about it of heads and hands : all is being pondered and prearranged in true deliberate Cavendish style ; and I quite expect that when once the whole machine is given a shove on Tuesday off it will go, everything in its proper place, from the Duke to the scullery-maid.
15Dec1872, Nevy a Social Animal – Chatsworth – A gt pleasure it is having old Nevy here. His Irish aide-de-camp life has brushed up his manners and made him a social animal, which one hardly hoped wd ever be the case.
16Dec1872, When is That Woman Going Away? – Chatsworth – Arrived the avant-garde de la grande armee — Ly. Ailesbury (Maria), who stalked into the room in a suit composed chiefly of a large chess-board check, black and grey, the garment going in a straight skimp line from her nape to her heels, the whole surmounted by the usual fuzz-ball of yellow curls, and a youthful hat. Fritz demanded privately after he had been introduced to this : “When is That Woman going away?”
17Dec1872, A Royal Visit to Chatsworth – Chatsworth – The Duke, Cavsh., and I went to Derby in the morning, and got there a little before the Royal train. Out stepped the lovely Prss. and the fat but apparently blooming Prince….saw as well as we could the illumination of the W. front and garden that burst forth as we got into the park and drove round by the opposite side of the river. The 1st minute was lovely—the house shining out clear ; but afterwards the smoke hung and hid everything. Lou and the Duke and most of the company received them in the hall, which was unluckily as full of sulphur as it might be after a siege from the fireworks, and set us coughing.
18Dec1872, Dinner in the Sculpture Gallery – Chatsworth – the Prss. and I, with Mr. Cockerell (a delightful wag is he) in the dickey, followed the shooters through New Pine Wood. Bewitching and unaffected and good-natured is the Princess. In the evening came off the rather ponderous and oppressive big County ball..and after supper, which was a lovely and peculiar sight in the Sculpture Gallery, carpeted with red cloth and adorned with great bananas, ferns, palms, etc. The great granite basin filled with green, a slender palm in the middle, and stiff white hyacinths blooming round the palm
19Dec1872, Another Mighty Dinner – Chatsworth – This was a really jolly day. The darling Prss. has got at her ease, and no words can express her perfect charm…After the mighty dinner (44), which was a beautiful sight, came off a truly enchanting dance of only the houseful and the few dinner-guests. Delicious was the dining-room for this much of a ball, and everybody looked their best and thoroughly enjoyed life. Supper at various little tables in the big drawing-room, capitally managed.
20Dec1872, High Jinks and Thoughts on the Prince – Chatsworth – luncheon, billiards, bed-time high jinks with all the ladies in the corridors. The Prince and chaffy, fast people…
22Dec1872, We Were All a Little Comatose – Chatsworth – … peace when the swarm of guests, string of flies, and mountains of luggage filed away.


04Jan1873, The Chatsworth Party at Royal Week – Holker – many names
07Jan1873, Visiting a Widow – Holker – We drove to see Mrs. Huby and the poor little dowdy old widow of the Rev. —-—. I was dumbfounded at her dowdiness !—of the small farmer type. And he was the son of a day-labourer ! The poor goody rejoiced Lou’s heart by giving her various pretty bits of old china, which we bore home in triumph.
08Jan1873, Helping Out at the School – Holker – I only went out to the school, where Lou and I have offered to help in the religious teaching, now a “Time Tabled” and “Conscience Claused” business, and difficult for the mistress alone to squeeze into the one half-hour allowed.
18Jan1873, In a Rage Over the Burials Bill and Slavery – Holker – But one strong element of insufferability is a malevolent lie, clothed in religious cant, which I detect in such things, and which to my mind the Burials Bill has in great perfection…The defending of slavery on religious grounds must now, I should think, be an atrocious blasphemy to the eyes of everyone ; but when one recalls the network of self-interest, conservatism, and national pride that kept the “institution” going..
23Jan18873, The Whirl of London – London – Came to London for good — earlier than ever before, I do believe, except the year of Bob’s birth. My heart always rather sinks at the prospect of the whirling, strenuous sort of life, in contrast with peaceful, gliding Holker days.
30Jan1873, George IV, An Abominable Man – London – old Sir Henry Holland… let fly upon George IV, saying he had attended his two wives, and his mistress Ly. Conyngham, the latter of whom had told him awful things of him…He also talked of Prss. Charlotte, and the lamentable job perpetrated…who bled the poor flabby-habit-ed Princess 2 or 3 times before her confinement, so that she died of exhaustion.
06Feb1873, Parliament Open, Charles Speaks – London – Parlt. opened (alas ! no Queen) ; old Charles moved the address, capitally well in expression and matter, and only a trifle too stiff in manner. He looked beautiful. So did not the seconder, Mr. Stone (a Waterloo House bigwig), who was gig major, but spoke well.
24Feb1873, The Horrible Price of Coal – London – I went with Mazy to represent Aggy at a Poplar tea-party : very successful. The poor women talked of the horrible price of coal, which, owing to strikes in Wales and other labour hitches, has gone up to 40s. and even 50s. a ton.
25Feb1873, Shot Albert’s Quondam Tutor – London – to a special Committee at the House..a rather inaudible duel between Mr. Roby and Sir Michael Hicks Beach. Shot, to my amusement, Albert’s quondam tutor Mr. Richmond, doing Secy. to the Schools Commission. Afterwds to my Chelsea School Council: felt like a strong-minded woman altogether. We have started a Beautiful Being named Henderson as butler.
11Mar1873, Gladstone’s Finest Speech – London – a pack of wild Irish were to begin the debate [FN: On the Irish University Bill]. Heard the main part of Dizzy’s speech, which was wild-hitting and weak…Uncle W. and made “the finest speech” of his life—so say many folks. It took exactly 2 hrs…It will be hard to look upon Uncle W. after this vigorous feat of arms as an old man in great want of rest, which he rather tries to make himself out! He drank nothing but water, despising his usual egg-flip, as it was after dinner.
15Mar1873, Uncle W. Gives an Ivory Madonna – Cliveden – We came to Cliveden, with the W. E. G.’s (he walking to Paddington), Mazy, the Dss. of Argyll, and Mr. Leveson. Uncle W. has given me a little ivory Madonna he picked up on his way to the station, in a shop! I told him it was highly compromising and Ultramontane.
16Mar1873, A Cabinet Council on Holyday – Cliveden – As the D. of Argyll and Uncle W. put their noses together on the sofa over the box, the faithful Willy and Fred hovering near, I thought it was a fine thing to assist at a Cabinet Council. No one can regret his being obliged to take up office again, but it has its keen disappointment to him, loving the prospect of a holyday as he had been doing, and having ticklish business to carry through in a rather dislocated House.
18Mar1873, Dined at the Deanery – London – Dined at the Deanery, the little Dean [FN: Stanley] in high form; maliciously made out that Pusey had adopted his clumsy way of using and italicizing the word “that” from Gibbon! I wonder which wd be most affronted!
22Mar1873, The Duke of Cambridge – London – Dined at the Staffd. Northcotes’ to meet the D. of Cambridge whom I have never talked to before : I liked his simple, jolly, straightforward way and famous laugh. He broke the ice and our courtly silence on arriving, by shouting out to someone at the top of his voice, “COLD to-day.”
26Mar1873, Burials Bill Carried by 63 – London – The precious Burials Bill (2nd reading) carried by 63, in spite of a capital, I shd say unanswerable speech, unluckily of Dizzy’s. ..But in this proposal, as in the sister-in-law one, consistency and principle are utterly scouted. And to think that my perverse Fred shd support them both! It isn’t for want of many a talking to.
20Apr1873, Evangelical Sermon – Lismore – Dr. Morgan preached a sermon with much beauty and eloquence in it and the charm of strong feeling: but all “Evangelical” sermons leave me in the same vague state of mind as to what they mean us to do or to be.
29Apr1873, A New Carriage – London – Had the immense break of going out for the first time in My Victoria —an elegant little equipage with a good-looking black horse, and all ship-shape. Inaugurated it by taking F. to Downing St. (a good omen, I hope!), and then went to S. James Hall and heard an interesting S.P.G. speechification…
02May1873, The Albert Memorial Cross – London – Had a little junket with my Fred to choose him a library table and then to examine the Albert Memorial Cross in Hyde Park. It really is a beautiful thing, but, placed where it is, it will look like a gingerbread ornament just taken off the top of that Twelfth cake, the Albert Hall!
08May1873, A Gamboge-ey Green Gown – London – Why did I go to this May Drawing-room? Endless dismal business, too late to see the Queen, squeeze, and dead tire…Baroness Burdett…thought fit to wear a befurbelowed gamboge-ey green gown… Ly. Airlie’s fine big girls looked well in a sort of new-ink colour, with white, and Ly. Brownlow was a radiant sight.
09May1873, Huges and Manning – London – Meeting of the “Provident Knowledge Society,” a new thing, likely to be very useful in puffing and explaining P.O. Savings Banks, Govt. investments, penny banks, etc. Ld. Derby presided, and the Bp of Exeter, Mr. Th. Hughes, [FN: The author of “Tom Brown.”] Manning, etc., spoke. The contrast between the ascetic, skeleton, spiritual face of Manning and the florid, well-fed, pink face of Mr. Hughes, as they sat side by side, was very funny.
12May1873, Bishop’s Palace of Chichester – Chichester – Here I am at the Palace of Chichester. Having been put, rather willy-nilly, on the Bishop Otter College Committee, I cd not resist an invitation from Mrs. Durnford to attend a meeting to-morrow. A dream of delight to my Cockney eyes was the Palace as I drove up to it under a “sunbright” sky: the tall glorious cathedral, spire-towering above, the green gardens, the quaint old house….
13May1873, Delightful and Intensely English – Chichester – the enchanting garden, all sweet and old and peaceful ; and to the top of the Tower, whence the views of the quiet, red-tiled town, green blossoming fields and orchards and woods, Goodwood hills, the Channel and the faint blue Isle of Wight, were delightful and intensely English. Somehow this sort of sight always gives me a strong sense of the healthiness and peace of England…
13May1873, Delightful and Intensely English – London – Uncle W. made such a brilliant overthrow of Miall and his Disestablishment as the cause ought to take long in recovering from. No one so much as answered him and the whole thing was over before dinner. Smart drum at Lansdowne House, stifling crush at Baroness Coutts’s.
20May1873, Doomed Northumberland House – London – Drum at poor doomed Northumberland House at which we all took a sad farewell.
24May1873, Junket to Cassiobury – Cassiobury – Had the junket of going to Cassiobury [FN: The house of Lord Essex.]. So seldom do we see new places, that I do enjoy it. Lovely warm day ; birds clamorous, foliage tender green. The house, in spite of much ginger-breading outside, very delightful and with a Gloire-de-Dijon rose in bloom growing up it.
25May1873, Lady Essex’s Children – Cassiobury – …tea out of doors at a bewitching dairy. Ly. Essex, in a bright green silk and yellow hair, looked like an emerald pin. Her little boy of 8 is nice-looking, though terribly blind ; but the creature to enslave all hearts is Lady Betty Capel, aged 2 1/2.
27May1873, Harcourt Cynical and Unprincipled – London – Dined with Sir Harcourt Johnstone, meeting Wenlocks and various folk ; Mr. W. Harcourt was there, as cynical and unprincipled in talk as may be! The most pleasing thing he had to say was that Cavendish was the only member of the Govt. who had common sense : “He’s the leader for me.”
30May1873, Uncle W. Don’t Believe – Chatsworth – Uncle W. don’t a bit believe in Mr. Harcourt’s Bright story.
05Jun1873, This Noble Place – Hatfield – Parted with F. on the railway; he going to Kirby Lonsdale for more speechifying; I (chaperoned by a clever little Cambridge oddity named Stuart as far as Hitchin) came to this noble place. Find host and hostess, 2 Miss Aldersons and Mrs. Cocks, Ld. Edmund Fitzmaurice, Uncle Dick, Mr. Balfour, and Richmond père [FN: George Richmond, the artist.] : very pleasant.
07Jun18873, Riding Through the Green – Hatfield – The Cowpers and Mr. Leveson came over to luncheon, and we went back with them to Panshanger, Blosset Alderson, Ld. Edmund, and I riding through the green Hagley-like lanes. Pictures beyond at Panshanger.
08Jun1873, How I Have Enjoyed Myself – Hatfield – Evensong in the beautiful private chapel of the house—very delightful—”rivers of water.” Pleasant to sit in the vineyard in fine warm weather: the children tumbling up and down the grassy slope. Then a little walk with Ly. Salisbury and a sister and F., among the abundant rhododendrons and pines, and a pleasant evening ; folks telling each other what their earliest recollections were.
09Jun18873, Back Into the Collar – Went off a little with the feeling of putting one’s head back into the collar. The unlucky Alexandra Palace, opened only t’other day after two former collapses, was being burnt to the ground as we came along the line. I stayed at Hatfield till 2… got a basket of rhodos, etc., with the help of Fish and Nigs, left it behind, and dear Jim (the eldest) [FN: Present Ld. Salisbury.] tore down to the station, hatless in the heat, to catch me!
11Jun1873, Smart Evening-looking Skirts – London – Garden party with Mazy and Helen at Ly. Airlie’s: I was enraged at people’s appearing in smart evening-looking skirts.
15Jun1873, An Extreme Ritualistic Church – London – We went to S. Barnabas for Matins ; an extreme ritualistic Church, but with nothing I much disliked in the Service except a side-altar!! and the odd take of the Clergy marching in to the Church in “birettas.”
18Jun1873, The Shah of Persia – London – The Shah of Persia arrived in London and everything is turned inside-out in consequence. We saw him arrive in a thunder pelt by the Mall and go to Buck. Palace.
19Jun1873, A Fine To-Do – London – London had the Shah-ums; streets in horrid state. We went in full fig to the Guildhall for a fine to-do; he is a small brown man, with a handsome cruel face: diamonds wonderful to behold.
28Jun1873, Meeting Young Nicholas II – London – Smart garden party for the Shah at Chiswick; the Queen came and looked very cheerful with a little white about her. The Czarevitch and Cesarevna are here; he is an ugly, fair, big dog of a man; she dark and pretty and with our Princess’s manner. I had the honour of shaking hands with their two little Grand Dukes Nicholas and George; fine children, but plain.
02Jul1873, Squirming Duke of Wellington – London – Lovely concert at Mrs. Ralli’s ; took Agnes and Helen to Apsley House ball and left them there. Never noticed the D. of Wellington before! Why does the poor little squirming man look as old as his father?
04Jul1873, Ball for the Wales’ – London – Ball at the Goldsmiths’ Hall, for the Wales’s; a fine sight: entrance-hall like a small Stafford House, only better, inasmuch as the marble is all real.
07Jul1873, Shah Goes to France – London – The Shah went off to France on Saturday, having pretty well tired out King, Lords, and Commons. Even the Prince of Wales is said to be dead beat. The French are going to make the best splash they can, but how poor, with no National Anthem, no flag, and nothing but a mushroom President.
10Jul1873, Variegated Bonbons Or Christians – London – Beautiful garden party at Montagu H. Tho’ individually people are apt nowadays to look more like variegated bonbons than Christians, yet en masse the effect of the gay colours is very bright and successful.
12Jul1873, Professional Billiards – London – Came to Wimbledon to dine under canvas with the Ducies, very pleasant and pretty. Met the Tecks, Selbornes, Ripons, L. Lindsays, Ld. Ossulstone, etc. Aftds saw some tip-top professional billiards (Cook and Bennett), to my delight ; a wonderful break of 117.
14Jun1873, Larking to the Opera – London – Dined en garcon in Gt. George St., and went larking aftds with old “Henry Barker” to the Opera. “Don Giovanni” with Patti, most delightful.
16Jul1873, “Marie Antoinette” by Ristori – London – F. and I, May and Atie. P, went to see “Marie Antoinette” done by Ristori at Drury Lane. It was grand tragic acting—the only thing of the sort I have ever seen…The awful truth and recentness of the events made it almost intolerably painful and pathetic to a degree that set many off crying, me to a frightful extent!
18Jul1873, Scott-Siddons and Mrs. Siddons – London – Had a delightful Scott-Siddons reading for a charity at Grosvenor H.; made her acquaintance aftds at tea with Constance : we reminded her of Granny’s interview with her after a reading abt the year ’67, when Granny told her of her likeness to her great-grandmother Mrs. Siddons…We made her pose under the famous Sir Joshua of the Tragic Muse, and the likeness was most striking
21Jul1873, Bp. of Winchester Dies From Fall – Falconhurst – the appalling news of the death of the Bp. of Winchester…They were cantering down a grassy slope not far from Abinger Hall, when the Bishop’s horse stumbled at a grip, and came down on his knees (or all but). The Bishop was thrown over its head and, falling heavily on his head and turning right over, dislocated his neck and was killed on the spot.
30Jul1873, Jubilee Singers – London – We went yesty to breakfast at No. 11, along with the “Jubilee Singers”— emancipated slaves, every one of them from the Southern States. They sang quite gloriously.
04Aug1873, Unpleasantnesses – London – Eastward, I hope for the last time, but there are unpleasantnesses in les hauts quartiers qui retiennent notre chef en ville, et nous par consequent. Il doit y avoir plusieurs échanges de role.[FN: Rearrangement of the Cabinet took place at this time.]
05Aug1873, Thickening of Ministerial Plot – London – The interesting event took place of Mr. Bright and Uncle W. dining with us (a dead secret!) ; said Mr. B. having consented to take office. He was very pleasant and downright..
06Aug1873, Government Positions – London – A notable day, F. being offered a Lordship of the Treasury and thus entering upon official life. Uncle W. takes the Chancellorship of the Exchequer on himself..
08Aug1873, I Shall Have Him With Me – London – …But by some unaccountable blundering the cat came out of the bag in the paper this morning, and he is in for it. It will be a horrid business if he has a contest, Greenwich and East Staffordshire having just been won by the Tories…I saw Uncle W. at his window when we got home; he called me in and was delightful about F., calling him “such a compound of gallantry and good sense” and saying “I shall have him with me” with great pleasure and affection.
24Aug1873, Remembering Mamma – Bolton – The usual dear Bolton Sunday, with an additional sacredness. It is the 1st S. Bartholomew’s Day since that Funeral Day in ’57 that I have been able to receive the Holy Communion
September, Age 32
01Sep1873, A Monster Expedition to Wrekin – Hagley – Papa headed a monster expedition to the top of the Wrekin. It consisted of himself and Sybella, his 8 sons, 3 of his daughters, 2 sons-in-law, a grandson, 3 cousins (Pole Carews), a niece (G. G.), and Mr. Balfour…
19Sep1873, Sweet Converse With Tallee – Chatsworth – I have sweet converse with Tallee. Va is a good-tempered cheery thing, with a funny little face rather like an apple that has been hung a few minutes to roast.
24Sep1873, Letters of Sarah, Lady Lyttelton – Chatsworth – The Dean has now pounced upon the book, and is in raptures over it; goes off about it to me on every opportunity. Wants us to present it to the Queen, who, he is sure, will greatly like it, in spite of one or two little things which may take her aback.
30Sep1873, Irving in “Richelieu” – London – We went with Alfred Howard and Spencer to see “Richelieu” with Irving; he was excellent, tho’ too like a swearing cat at times.
05Oct1873, Edward’s Vision: An Eton Master – London – Had the great pleasure of spending the day at Eton with darling old Edward and Alfred….Had luncheon at the White Hart with the boys and walked with them between services in the Park. Talked with Edwd. of his vision of being an Eton master…Got home to dinner, and entertained Uncle W. and Willy; Uncle W. agog upon perversions;
06Oct1873, Mrs. Polly’s Horrible Ordeal – London – Cd not talk to my poor Mrs. Polly, as she was brought in all wretched and senseless with chloroform from one of her innumerable hideous operations and aftds fell asleep. She is a dear, tidy, nice-minded woman, wife of a respectable country gardener. It is a horrible ordeal for her.
09Oct1873, Lauching the Duke of Buccleuch – Holker – to Barrow for the launch of the Duke of Buccleuch, one of the new E. Indian “Ducal Line.” I named her and made a splendid smash of the champagne bottle, to the joy of all beholders. Having never seen a launch before, I was delighted and rather throat-lumpy at the fine rush and plunge into the sea of the poor brave ship, little knowing what may be before her !
10Oct1873, Catholics of Prussia – Holker – The old Catholics of Prussia have now a Bishop duly consecrated and a constitution; also they have just been recognised by the State—a notable event which seems to give them a position such as the English Church acquired after the Reformation, only they have cleaner hands…
14Oct1873, A Bit of Spitting by Dizzy – Holker – The Howards came late; it is 4 years since they were here and must be very sad to poor At. Fanny. Another Govt. victory at Taunton; this little turn of the tide is perhaps to be attributed to an extraordinary bit of spitting on the part of Dizzy, who has written a letter (for publication) to Ld. Grey de Wilton…
15Oct1873, Visiting in Raike – Holker – Emma and the girls and I went to Raike to see Mesd. Abbotson and Kelly; Mr. Jodrell came.
16Oct1873, Teaching the Dear Boykins – Holker – Had a fine galloping ride on Republic, with F., on the sands. Grey mild day. Uncle Dick came. I do Bible and hymns, and reading, and am beginning a little adding and counting, with the dear three eldest boykins before breakfast. Only Victor reads.
130Oct1873, Wild Wind and Rain – Holker – Except school (where we 3 are taking the religious teaching of the 1st class), no outing: wild wind and rain.
31Oct1873, Lay of the Last Minstrel – Holker – William and Fritz actually love the “Lay of the Last Minstrel”!!! The illustrations first attracting them: they make me read bits of it, and can spout..



23Jan1874, Parliament to be Dissolved! – London – An extraordinary thunderclap exploded this evening, after a long Cabinet Council: Parliament is to be dissolved at once!…and the state of things ever since Dizzy refused to take office …Uncle William … coddled his cold but this spirited move! In bed he wrote a fine eloquent address to the Greenwich electors,
24Jan1874, The Duke of Edinburgh Marries – London – By some mysterious process the Tory newspapers have the news, Uncle W.’s address and all! tho’ it was only sent late last evening to the Times….Yesterday the Duke of Edinburgh married the Grand Duchess Marie Alexandrovna of Russia with all the gorgeous Eastern ceremonial, and the English Service besides;..
27Jan1874, Mr. Forster’s Election – Bradford – We came to Bradford, F. having left London at 6, I at 12. Good staunch friends (albeit Independent), the Laws, put us up. The town is wild over Mr. Forster’s election, and we shan’t be much thought of till that’s over. The miserable 25th clause of the Education Act is made the battle-ground by the frantic section of the Dissenters..
28Jan1874, The Irreconcileables and Sir Salt – Bradford – F. came home late, and a good deal harassed. He has no wish to attempt to conciliate the Irreconcileables; but the best class of dissenters who are supporting him and earnest against splitting up the party, have sat upon him to make some concession, and he has written to Sir Titus Salt (a typical man of the sort)..
02Feb1874, Like Tragedy and Comedy – Eshton – the people listened famously well, and I enjoyed the sight of their keen, shrewd faces… My proudest time was during the questions, in which my old Fred does certainly excel…What with F.’s profound earnestness and his humorous hitting, they are a good deal like Tragedy and Comedy.
06Feb1874, The Tichborne Trial – Bradford – All this while the Lord Chief Justice Cockburn has been summing up in the Tichborne trial…The Claimant is being clearly tho’ gradually unravelled, and an unspeakably mean monster of fraud, lying, perjury, and all uncleanness he must be.
11Feb1874, Pollingday – Bradford – We should be delightfully confident, if it were not for the general rout of the Liberal party which is taking place all over the country, the causes of which are not every easy to determine. ..the party is paying the price of its wretched disorder and splits, and suffering for its innumerable hobby-riders and crotchet-mongers, who, like dogs on a racecourse, prance wildly about the field and get under the feet of the great champions of the great cause—breaking their own stupid backs in the process, and spoiling the race..
12Feb1874, We Came Out Triumphant – Bradford – We came out triumphant, 3 cheers! F. at the head, Mr. Wilson only 23 behind him…I “put in” the time of suspense pretty well, skating with the Law girls in Peel Park…. Our news came at 4.30…. I much feared I should kiss Mr. Law, dear man, or Mr. Wilson, or both; but it was happily averted.
17Feb1874, Disembodied Spirits – London – To London. Saw the Gladstones before dinner. He had just come from the Queen, and was looking upset and sad; he had no expectation of anything like such a crash, and, with all his longing for rest, the mighty defeat cannot but be heavy to bear. She, poor dear, is very wretched about it.
20Feb1874, A Great Five Years – London – Uncle W. picking up his spirits already;..Declaimed about it all a good deal; but after all Mr. Leveson was right t’other day when he said no Government ever went out with cleaner hands and a more glorious past..
02Mar1874, The Tichborne Verdict – Holker – The magnificent summing-up of Lord Chief Justice Cockburn ended on Saturday, and the jury in half an hour’s time brought in a verdict of Guilty on both counts ; and miserable Arthur Orton stands at last stripped of all his shams and masks, in native baseness….
07Mar8174, Gladstone: No Active Lead in House – Holker – Grim news of Uncle W.’s determination, on deliberate grounds of what he thinks right, to take no active lead in the House this year. It will have to be Cavendish.
08Mar1874, Yonge’s Life of Bishop Patteson – Holker – Finished this evening a book that has taken great hold upon me, and that one ought to thank God for, Miss Yonge’s Life of Bishop Patteson.
19Mar1874, Gladstone House To Let – London – Poor old Auntie more composed and cheery, tho’ hating the thought of No. 11 being let for the season. To the great relief of all his unfortunate party, Uncle W. has consented to lead when he is wanted!
21Mar1874, Beautiful Quartet Fiddling – London – After dinner had the great treat of beautiful quartet fiddling at Mr. Balfour’s, along with a select circle almost entirely composed of Lytteltons and Gladstones.
23Mar1874, As Jolly as a Sand-boy – London – At 5.30 tea turned up Uncle W., as jolly as a sand-boy at having shirked the House; and made himself highly agreeable to Lady Ripon who also turned up.
25Mar1874, The Lion: Sir Garnet Wolseley – London – Dined at No. 11, meeting no less a lion than Sir Garnet Wolseley [FN: Afterwards Viscount Wolseley. He had just returned from the Ashantee War.] with all his laurels fresh.
29Apr1874, Sir Ch. Trevelyan Remembers – London – Went off into reminiscences of his youth, a propos of the great increase of religious earnestness: said he used to be sent as a boy to see the “promenade” in the Park on Sundays of all the beauty and fashion driving and gossiping. Those who didn’t were called Saints.
19May1874, The Queen and Nicholas I of Russia – London – Alexander II who has just come over to see his daughter, was entertained. He is a dignified, well-looking man, but must be immeasurably inferior in appearance to his splendid gigantic father, of whom the Queen must often have thought as she received this one with the same honours.
20May1874, A Meeting of Supplemental Ladies – London – Went with Lady Granville to a little meeting of Supplemental ladies at the Oldfields’, to discuss a little “Steppingstone” Home for little would-be servant gals of low degree. Charlotte Spencer, Mrs. Loyd Lindsay, Ly. Marion Alford, Aunt Yaddy, and other great dames were there.
11Jun1874, Thoughts on The Archbishop’s Bill – London – The Archbishop’s Bill for facilitating legal proceedings against supposed law-breaking clergy is passing thro’ the House of Lords. Some of the Ritualist proceedings are nearly unbearable.
07Jun1874, Old Sir Anthony Panizzi – London – We dined with Uncle W. at old Sir Anthony Panizzi’s..Flew at Uncle W. for having too much to say to “priests”; and would not be pacified by his rejoinder of “How comes it, then, that no man is so hated as I am by the Roman Curia?”
23Jul1874, Fancy Dress Ball at Marlborough House – London – Conversation turned much on the fancy ball at Marlboro’ House, which came off t’other night, and for which I saw Cavendish arrayed in Tudor costume. He looked famously well and handsome…Among the ladies Ly. Hardwick seems to have been preeminent; Ly. Granville very striking in Vandyck dress, with great shady hat.
06Aug1874, Floods of Butter Over Dizzy – Holker – It is a triumph for Uncle W. to have gained this point about the Archbishop appeal, in spite of his small and disorganized party…To make his speech still nicer, Sir W. poured floods of butter over Dizzy, while Dizzy, on his part, made savage tho’ sly cuts at Lord Salisbury; so it was a surprising and peculiar scene altogether.
September, Age 33
03Sep1874, Potentate Impressed With the Duke – Holker – A very funny Belgian potentate named d’Andrimont is here, and makes himself agreeable to us on their return after dinner: he is greatly impressed with “l’activité du Duc”, (looks like a young man of 17 years: he jumps, he dances like a deer) Not quite one’s idea of His Grace!
05Sep1874, Lord Ripon Gone Over to Church of Rome – Holker – One horrid thing signalized my birthday: the news in the paper of Ld. Ripon of all people in the world having gone over to Rome…, beats me. Even if (which God forbid) I saw no alternative between this and infidelity, I had far rather “wait in the darkness” patiently, and be as illogical as possible, than so force my conscience.
17Sep1874, Lawn-Tennis Prevailed – Holker – Lawn-tennis prevailed.
18Sep1874, Crossing the Border for the 1st Time – Glasgow – The great event came off of my crossing the Border for the 1st time. We reached Glasgow about 6 and went to the Queen’s Hotel. It is great fun for me; so little do I see of new places in Great Britain. We are rather dingy, but comfortable.
19Sep1874, Touring Scotland, Visting the Argylls – Glasgow – As soon as we were clear of the town, about 11, rain set in, and lasted without intermission all up Lake Lomond, all thro’ our 24 miles’ posting by Glencroe and Loch Long, and so up to the castle door of Inveraray.
20Sep1874, In a Scotch Kirk – Inverary – I had my first experience of a Scotch kirk. Lifeless and dull and dead—a very frame of dry-bones it was to me! and I can’t get over my amazement at such services being the food of so much religious life, as no doubt they are in this country.
21Sep1874, Driving With the Duchess and Edith Percy – Inverary – I drove with the Duchess and Edith, and darling Lord Warkworth who loves my catspaw seal being stamped on his little white arm. He is Percy-ish and not pretty, but has a dear smile: Josceline, a fat two-year-old, is the only beauty, being like his mother
23Sep1874, Hardly Any Royal Proprieties – Inverary – We have hardly any Royal proprieties with H.R.H.—an occasional “Mum” from us visitors, and a very feeble pretence at getting up when she comes in late for breakfast, is about all. She seems very much devoted to her husband..
09Oct1874, Walked With Florence – Dunrobin – Yesterday at noon- the beauty of things was intense…I walked with Florence, [FN: Lady Florence Leveson-Gower. She married Henry Chaplin afterwards 1st Viscount Chaplin.] whom I greatly like. She is very pretty, without real beauty; very high-bred and with a delightful figure: coming in from tennis in a big Rubens hat, she looked enchanting.
19Oct1874, Deep But Cheerful Mourning – Raby – We 3 went on to Raby, where we found the Duchess of Cleveland, in deep but cheerful mourning for her sister-in-law Ly. Augusta Milbanke who died last month; entertaining Foresters, Carpenters (Talbots), and Miss Mundy, a Mr. Crofton and Mr. Williamson. Whist with the gracious old Duke.
11Nov1874, Gladstone Pamphlet on Catholocism – Chatsworth – Uncle William has sent F. a pamphlet just brought out on the Vatican decrees. It is a “Remonstrance,” elicited by an outcry which has been raised by one sentence in his article on Ritualism. This is the sentence: “Rome has substituted for the proud boast of ‘semper eadem’ a policy of violence and change in faith; she has refurbished and paraded anew every rusty tool she was fondly thought to have disused;…
13Nov1874, Manning Answers the Pamphlet – Chatsworth – Manning has answered the pamphlet in the out-and-out Ultra-montane style, arguing as if submission to Papal Infallibility was identical with obedience to God and conscience, and stoutly maintaining his own loyalty.
22Nov1874, Letters From R.C.s Keep Appearing – Chatsworth – Various other remarkable letters from R.C.s keep appearing in the papers; Mr. Shee, Mr. Petre, Lord Camoys, and others, disavowing the Decree in very plain language; Sir Geo. Bowyer, etc., taking Manning’s view.
24Nov1874, Cavendish and Flo? – Chatsworth – Florence [FN: Lady Florence Leveson-Gower, daughter of the Duke of Sutherland.] is a most winning creature, and we can’t help a little exciting hope that Cavendish thinks of her. He certainly likes her better than other girls; and at his age one almost feels it is now or never…
01Dec1874, Pope Calls Uncle W. a Viper – Chatsworth – Manning has thundered out a circular letter, informing the world that whoever does not accept and believe Immaculate Conception and Papal Infallibility is no Catholic. The Pope has made a funny metaphor in an angry speech calling Uncle W.. a viper attacking the bark of S. Peter!!
08Dec1874, The Chatsworth Magic Lantern – Chatsworth – We are come to the last slide of the Chatsworth magic lantern: the Duke of Cambridge and his equerry, a funny little man called Tyrwhitt, of no particular age, in a grey wig; Lord Carlingford and Ly. Waldegrave, the Spencers, Mr. Leveson, Cavendish.
09Dec1874, Prince George and the Greville Memoirs – Chatsworth – H.R.H. is very good-natured and jovial, nudging and patting his neighbours, and putting his nose in their ears: he looks 70, which is a pity, at 55. He declaims about Bismarck and the Pope, and lets fly at the “Greville Memoirs” which are just out. No wonder!
10Dec1874, The Hunting Proved Fragment – Chatsworth – It froze sharp, in spite of which Spencer, like his uncle before him (“Uncle Jack”), arose before the dawn on the chance of hunting being possible in S. Derbyshire, and departed with the hapless Mr. Coke and brothers Buller, all en route for various destinations.



01Jan1875, The Skating Was Grand – Holker – Began to snow halfway there, and went on till dark with hail, sleet, and rain modifications at last. The skating, however, was grand, the wind blowing much of the snow off the ice, which was splendid, black, and hard, the lake frozen quite round, right across, and nearly up to Bowness.
18Jan1875, Gladstone May Retire – Holker – To-day the blow that has so long been dreaded falls on the unhappy divided Liberal party. Uncle W. writes to Ld. Granville resigning the Leadership, in a short letter. He says he feels he may fairly retire, after 40 years of public life and at the age of 65, …
11Feb1875, Cavendish Elected to Liberal Leadership – Hagley – Oh dear, not a word have I said of the public and private event of Cavendish’s unanimous election to the Liberal Leadership a week or so ago. There would have been great conflict of opinion between him and Mr. Forster, if Mr. F. had not generously refused to be put forward…the worst of him is that I can’t imagine him ever strongly zealous or earnest about anything;
21Mar1875, Her Sister Mary Dies – Hagley – …which she so loved to hear Spencer sing — Alfred was playing soft, solemn music, and the pathos of it was bringing floods of tears — when Meriel came down and gently told us the end had come. Not a sound, not a pang: the breathing died away imperceptibly as Uncle B. read the last prayer.
15May1875, Wales Children Like Anybody Else – Chatsworth – At S. Pancras were all the little Wales children, knocking about with tutor and nurses like anybody else on the platform. The 2 boys in Scotch dress; the eldest very pretty and noble-looking, like his mother; and so slim and well-made as to look a fair height; Prince George a gig: little girls fair and like the Queen, I think.
28Jun1875, King Alfred Got 102 – London – On Friday G. G., Mazy, and I went to Eton with Papa, Spencer, Charles, Bob, and Arthur for the Winchester match. Darling King Alfred got 102, but it was not very exciting owing to poor bowling; he made one fine straight drive for 5.
05Jul1875, Queen Sophia of the Netherlands – London – We had luncheon at Devonshire House, after which came the Queen of the Netherlands to see the house, and was great audience to the pictures, giving us the pedigree of the Pr. and Prss. of Orange and the Governess of the Netherlands. Settled Medes and Persians to pay Chatsworth a visit the end of October!
09Jul1875, Eton and Harrow Match – London – The Eton and Harrow match began, but only 35 minutes’ play could be had, because of the torrents of rain. Alfred and Harding went in, and Alf. got over 20 at a great rate, the state of the ground spoiling both bowling and fielding.
10Jul1875, The Last Lyttelton Half at Eton – London – Six brothers and 8 sisters and their husbands, Mazy, Helen, and G. G., all at Lord’s for the rest of King Alfred’s innings—his last match against Harrow, and this the last Lyttelton half at Eton. This, and the immense blank left by darling May, always such an element during these cricket times, made the day sadly unlike itself. Most of us stayed all day.
26Jul1875, Spencer on World Tour – London – One of these days we bade dear old Spencer good-bye, as he is going to Hagley, en route for Liverpool, New York, California, Australia, New Zealand, and India with Balfour. Oh dear !
23Aug1875, The Duke’s Leg is Unwell – Bolton – if the Duke’s leg would only get well, but it is the slowest job…By dint of Cavendish offering to drive him, the Duke was at last induced to get into the Laycock phaeton with a dowdy slow pony, and go off on a toodle. It was so ridiculously unlike the manners of both Duke and Markiss as to be very funny; next day he let F. and me take him round by Storiths.
30Aug1875, The Complicated Relations of Lady Clinton – Bolton – Spencers were expected Monday, but were prevented by the death of old Ly. Clinton, aged 80, who has long been very feeble and doting. Her head was always a little confused, but her involved relationships were enough to account for it. She was sister to one Lady Spencer, stepmother to another, and aunt to a third…
September, Age 34
06Sep1875, Buying and Selling Cattle – Holker – Called on the Drewrys: found him complacent at having bought a precious calf for 1,000 gs. and sold it next day for 1,100 gs.! Also at the birth of a heifer yesterday worth £1,500.
13Sep1875, Another Fall From a Horse – Holker – Rode with my Fred on Monday. Hawthorne put her foot into a hidden hole as we were cantering across the field to the Level Crossing, and came down on her nose, so as to send me over her head. It was a very mild tumble, yet it shook me. I think I have now been off in every possible way: having been kicked off, come off at a jump, come down with, and knocked over!
04Oct18875, Jodrell, Lacaita, Doyle, Hill, Huxley, Cowper-Temple – London – We dined with Mr. Jodrell, meeting Sir Jas. Lacaita, Sir F. Doyle, and that excellent wonderful woman, Miss Octavia Hill, who told us much about her poor London tenants…. We dined again at Jodrells’, meeting the Huxleys; interesting. I fought the battle anti-Cowper-Temple clause:..
18Oct1875, Willy Gladstone Brings New Wife Home – Hawarden – good time for the arrival of Mr. and Hon. Mrs. W. H. Gladstone! The carriage, drawn by men from the top of the village, and surrounded and pursued by cheers, came opposite us in due course, and it would be hard to say which of the two beaming faces were most good to look at! I always did think Willy’s face beautiful, especially with his bright embellishing smile ; and she! she’s a fair noble creature that all Hawarden will be proud of.
01Nov1875, Grosvenor / Ormonde Engagement – Chatsworth – to call at a very nice new house near Longstone (the Cravens) full of splendid Coxes and other water-colours; also some Rossettis…Another marriage—lovely Lilah Grosvenor to Lord Ormonde a case of falling headlong in love on both sides. It sounds very nice and promising; but the poor D. of Westminster was away at the time, and complains much..
Nov151875, Everything Vanishes Away – Chatsworth – The changes and losses seem to thicken round one, and there is something strangely sad and pathetic in the sort of diligent way one closes up the ranks and goes on and on with the old ways, as if here we had an “abiding city”; while all the time we hear the clear voices within telling us that everything vanishes away.



09Jan1876, Alfred Visits While Fred Away – Holker – Darling King Alfred here thro’ the week shooting and greatly enjoying his dear sunny self. He came of his own accord to read “Q. Mary” with me (Tennyson’s) every evening while F. was away.
23Jan1876, Wonders About Wine and Childbirth – Holker – Another tragedy. The death of Lady Anne Buller, née Coke, in her 2nd confinement; only 30 years old. I wish doctors would investigate the causes of the terrible delicacy of “upper 10,000” women in childbirth: my own small list of experience makes me wonder if wine-drinking, which I don’t think used to be so regular a thing among women formerly as it is now, has to do with it.
06Mar1876, The Queen Opens a Grocers’ Wing – London – With Ly. Robartes and At. Coque to L. Hospital to see the Queen open the “Grocers’ Co. wing.” … The Q. very punctual : stood rather grim and glum on her platform, but at the right moments, when she did bow and smile and make those incomparable curtseys of hers, was, in spite of her little dowdy black bonnet, as Queen-like and gracious as ever.
19Apr1876, Papa Ends His Life – Lismore – It has been God’s will to send us a terrible anguish. On Monday morning came from Aunt Coque a sadly disheartening account of dear Papa. The latter days of the week before last we all saw hopeful symptoms, especially in his looks and also in his diminished restlessness, and power of occupying himself for longer times together…
24Apr1876, Thoughts of Papa – Hagley – F. and I stayed on at Hagley. Sybella most touching in the absolute unselfishness and patience with which she bears her great grief: she has constant tears to relieve her, and clings to his children, and turns to the religious thoughts and words which were the “strength of his life,” to comfort her in his death…
24Jul1876, Painting Wellington’s Forehead – London – Ld. and Ly. Robartes. He and Uncle W. were good company at breakfast. He told me an anecdote of the D. of Wellington’s always insisting on having his forehead represented in painting or sculpture wider than it was, and Chantrey telling Lucas, to whom the Duke was sitting. Uncle W. (so exactly like him!) took the story desperately to heart…
31Jul1876, Improvements to Althorp Estate – London – A capital piece of matrimonial news after all the twopenny ones: B. and the Bishop of Exeter!!…We went to Harleston, where the Spencers are staying, while Althorp is to be turned over to builders for improvements. I have never been there since a happy visit before I married with Papa, in 1863, when he hunted with great enjoyment on a famous hunter of Spencer’s called Pale-Ale, and affronted Spencer by blaming the horse for refusing a brook. “My dear George…
21Aug1876, Lady of the House – Bolton – Frank and Lou and their little company came on Tues. to my great refreshment; the having to be lady of the house and bother my head over muffins and bedrooms is quite absurdly trying to me now I am so down on the springs; but besides, Lou is the greatest dear to me and rests my spirit.
28Aug1876, A Shooting Machine – Bolton – N.B. Speaker and Harry Brands and Ld. De Grey came this week. Ld. de Grey [FN: The last Marquess of Ripon, a very famous shot.] a curious mixture of both parents to look at. He can be pretty nearly summed up as a shooting machine; kills double anybody else.
September, Age 35
02Oct1876, Gladstone and the Eastern Matter – Castle Howard – If I was but a Boswell, my journal might be worth reading! but I can never trust my memory. He has the most absolute disbelief in the Government upon the Eastern matter, considering Dizzy to be Dizzy, and Ld. Derby, from his hatred of responsibility, Dizzy’s mere tool. Much of the press is open-mouthed against. Uncle W…
16Oct1876, Cavendish Meets with the Turks – Holker – Cavendish writes from Constantinople to the Duke, full of contempt for Turkish truth or capacity for reform, yet speaking of the impossibility of securing other good government for the Provinces (which, left to themselves, would fall into civil war or anarchy) without foreign occupation agreed on by all the Powers—which agreement he sees little hope of securing…
30Oct1876, Cavendish and the Eastern Question – Chatsworth – Cavendish came, and on Friday he and F. went off to Keighley for the opening of a Liberal Club, and Cavendish made an excellent straightforward speech on the Eastern Question, which must do good: it was the more weighty against Government for its sober moderation of tone.
04Dec1876, An Odd Trio of Books – Holker – Tallee the greatest of breaks and helps to me—the more that F. was busy Mon. and Tues. We read and greatly enjoy the odd trio of books—Butler’s “Analogy,” the “Faery Queen,” and Carlyle’s “French Revolution.” Good heart for 5 days. In the evening with F. “The Abbot.”
11Dec1876, Comments on Gladstone – Hawarden – Uncle W., in spite of hankering after his tree-cutting, was inveigled into walks. He goes at his old pace and is as well as possible. I don’t know anyone who strikes one as happier; sorrows don’t take the spring out of him, and he finds constant delight in all his work and interests;



19Feb1877, Dear Hon. and Rev. Arthur – London – Dear Hon. and Rev. Arthur [FN: Her brother Arthur was a curate at Reading at this time] met me on the platform, walked me about the town (mem. quite the finest new town-hall I have ever seen), gave me an excellent luncheon in his snug lodgings all be-booked and be-pictured…
18Mar1877, Visiting Alfred at Cambridge – Cambridge – He and we thence to S. Mary’s, where F. and I had to stand all thro’ a gorgeous rhetorical sermon by Dr. Farrar in aid of schools…After this, we went straightway to Newnham Coll., where they left me and I had a delightful troll with the nice old Principal (Miss Clough) and sight of the girls’ rooms…Went round by the Backs to call on Nora Sidgwick: then paid a visit to Mrs. Thompson. The Master came up, and was most kind and cordial; delighted us beyond by saying that he would have given the Hulsean Essay Prize to Arthur..
19Mar1877, Uncle Wm. Wouldn’t Rise – Cambridge, London – Uncle W. did not put his best leg forward; I wanted him either to talk over his sons and the Cape; or Cambridge with me; or Eastern Question; or Newnham College and Helen: but he wouldn’t rise much to anything, and went off into trolls about wine (than which! — all men are subject to attacks of it) and old jokes. After dinner I believe he was eloquent about the Montenegrins and their wonderful courage.
17Apr1877, The Unfortunate Nobleman at Dartmoor – London – The idiotic lovers of the “Unfortunate Nobleman at Dartmoor” (i.e., Orton the swindler) tried to get up a “Demonstration” to besiege the H. of Commons with some crazy petition. It ended, in true British style, by policemen preventing more than the orthodox ten men marching into the lobby, Mr. Cross receiving a deputation and snubbing them all round with perfect civility…
21Apr1877, Figure of Papa by Forsyth – London – Afterwards we both with M. went to see the recumbent figure of Papa by Forsyth for Worcester Cathedral. It is a fine thing, and has much likeness, tho’ Forsyth never saw him. To tea with the Wortleys, high gee Margaret’s engagement to Reginald Talbot; a handsome couple; also Constance Lawley’s to Eustace Vesey, after some years’ attachment, he in India, lately returned. Dined with the G. 0. Trevelyans, meeting the Secularist Education firebrand Mr. Morley..
27Apr1877, A Reading a Mrs. Loyd Lindsay’s – London – Delightful reading at Mrs. Loyd Lindsay’s by a first-rate Mr. Brandram of “Midsummer Night’s Dream.”
30Apr1877, War Between Russia and Turkey – London – A frightful crisis in politics is gathering up. Hitherto the Liberal leaders, though they have from time to time made speeches more or less hostile to the Government’s Eastern policy, have never come to a direct vote upon it. The outbreak of war, coupled with the increased and ever-increasing pro-Turkism of Government utterances, has poked up Uncle W. to a conviction…
06May1877, Gladstone Speech after Pandemonium – Wellington College and London – For once Auntie P. and I sacrificed L. Hospital bodily, having places at the House for the Great Speech. I was with Gerty in the Ballot box. After the altered mode of procedure was announced there were 2 hours of pandemonium. The Tories received Mr. Trevelyan’s amendment and Uncle W.’s acceptance of it with shouts of laughter, and of course from their side came many taunts…
08May1877, The Wortley-Talbot Wedding – London – Regd. Talbot [FN: Major-General the Hon. Sir Reginald Talbot, K.C.B.] married Margaret Wortley in St. James’s Church: her 4 sisters [FN: The youngest of the four sisters, Katharine, afterwards married Lady Frederick’s brother Nevill.] the only bridesmaids. Seldom were seen more tall and beautiful people assembled together..
14May1877, Dissatisfaction With Turkey – Holmbury – The debate ended in a division on the 1st resolution, which merely expressed dissatisfaction with Turkey’s disregard of Ld. Derby’s first despatch…The Liberals all voted together, except the Irish, who have the Pope to please, and whose support is no compliment…
20May1877, Sunshine Bits of Time – Chatsworth – A week of pleasant, pleasant leisure and enjoyment, to be thankful for. 0, how I do love and appreciate the sunshine bits of time, all the more for the growing and deepening sense of their insecurity…
28May1877, Praise for Gladstone – Chatsworth – Sat. came Uncle W. from Birmingham, as hoarse as a crow, having made an hour’s speech on Thurs., in an enormous hall quite unfit for the purpose, to 25,000 people…Crowds of artisans, etc., from the Black Country to see Uncle W… “Curiosity, sir! it wasn’t curiosity; it was love of the man, sir.”
04Jun1877, Uncle W. in Famous Force – London – Pleasant dinner in Harley Street, meeting Sybella, Stephy, Dr. Clark, Sir James Lacaita. Uncle W. in famous force; held forth like a brilliant book upon a notion he laid down that persecution was never taken up by the Church as such until the Papal pretensions arose. Sir J. and Dr. Clark demurred a little, but we badly wanted some one to stand up to him, and so make a good argument of it.
11Jun1877, Women’s Party at Chiswick – London – we had a most successful afternoon at Chiswick, which the Duke let us have for a Limehouse party — Ishbel Marjoribanks’s first supplemental work. She and I and Helen and two Talbot girls drove down, and the intense enjoyment of the mothers was delightful to see-100 of them in the lovely garden.
18Jun1877, “The Priest in Absolution” Scandal – London – Had a talk with Mr. Majendie about an unspeakably shocking book called “The Priest in Absolution,” which has somehow got out, tho’ it must be said it was only intended for the use of certain clergy…I shot Dizzy in a brougham, looking more horribly like a fiend than ever; poor old wretch—green, with a glare in his eye.
02Jul1877, Garden Party with Poor People – St. George’s Hill – Smart Chiswick garden-party, went off beautifully, but the garden, alas ! doesn’t look half as pretty with all the vistas crowded up as with just 100 poor people. Had to arrive late, as P.D.S. [FN: Public Day School.] meeting came off at 4, whereat I made a neat speech ! ! quite 4 minutes long.
09Jul1877, Ugly Nice Little Prince George – London – Smart garden-party at Marlborough House, the Queen present. I shook hands with her, to my joy; and shot that she is quite grey at last. Poor Prince Edward ill with continuing fever; ugly nice little Prince George in his cadet uniform; for they have both just passed the Naval Cadet Examination.
28Jul1877, Ld. and Ly. George Hamilton – St. George’s Hill – To St. George’s Hill, where we met Ld. and Ly. George Hamilton. Ld. G. looks like a pretty boy about 20, with very bright eyes and plenty to say; he is, however, a good deal more than that, does uncommonly well in his office, and I daresay will get to the top of the tree. She is pleasing; and they are both most agreeable when away from each other, as their take E is to refer to each other incessantly, being regular married lovers.
27Aug1877, Ld. Granville Speaks at Bradford – Bolton – The Granvilles came Monday, and on Tuesday we had a field-day in honour of the opening of the Liberal Club at Bradford… Ld. Granville as flustered and anxious over the preparation of his two speeches as any new young M.P. Ly. G. sat up writing for him till 1 on Monday night
September, Age 36
24Dec1877, Visiting in Italy, Jane Morris – San Remo – George took us in the afternoon by the sea to see a pretty villa where Morris the decorator-poet’s wife and daughters are. Mrs. Morris might have stept out of any of Burne-Jones’ pictures, and is in fact the original of the favourite P.B. [FN: I.e. Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.] lady (having sat to Rossetti)—haggard and wistful-eyed, with a heavy bush of black hair penthouse-style over the forehead; certainly handsome.



05Jan1878, The State of Religion in France – Turin – The state of religion in France, as far as we have come across indications of it, seems to me terribly hopeless. There are no signs of any standing-ground for earnest people between Ultramontanism and all its superstitions and utter infidelity…apparently unmixed Mariolatry…
11Feb1878, Gladstone and Cavendish – Holker – Barrow business every day prevented F. resting as he ought; he is rather ill with all the worry and tension of the past fortnight. Especially he is harassed by the excessive difficulty of Hartington’s and Uncle W.’s footing together. They are 2 men so utterly unlike in disposition and mode of viewing things
18Feb1878, A New Craze Called a Telephone – Battle Abbey – Sun. evening a wretched new craze called a Telephone was brought into play, and F. kept at work shouting down it for a long time; on the whole a failure….I let fly a good deal at a horrid clever little pamphlet just out, called “The Crown and the Cabinet,” which tries to make out that the Queen and Prince (!!) struggled all their time for unconstitutional personal government!!!
25Feb1878, A Ducking in the Serpentine – London – On getting back to London we heard how the “Peace meeting” in Hyde Park, a very foolish, hot-headed performance of Auberon Herbert’s and Bradlaugh’s, called together on a Sunday as if on purpose to exclude all the respectable mass of working-men, had turned out the failure that might have been expected.
25Mar1878, A General Mad Hatter’s Tea-party – London – Ld. Salisbury succeeds Ld. Derby, Mr. Hardy goes to the Lords, and is succeeded at the War Office by Col. Stanley (very skilful of Dizzy, to keep on good terms with the Stanleys!), and there is a general Mad Hatter’s Tea-party — everybody moving up (or down) one.
29Apr1878, A “Jingo” Speech – London – Mr. Hardy has made a blustering “jingo” speech. (N.B. this elegant expression is derived from a war-song of period…) Bright has retorted upon him at a great Manchester peace-meeting in a fine speech full of fire; but too much from the Quaker point of view.
06May1878, Then Farewell to Bex – London – Wednesday still cloudy but with lovely lights. F. still a poor creature, so we did a very pleasing drive up the valley of the Rhone to the Gorges du Trient, getting out there and walking along the clever stage hung against the rocks into the depths of the wonderful chasm. Not all the full-blown cockneyism of tickets and advertisements and sale of Alpine “objects,” and names scrabbled on the rocks, and pistol firing to show off the echo, could spoil the wonder and awfulness of the gorge.
25May1878, A Death at Home – London – I could see the Duke hoped dinner would do her good, but she tried vainly to eat or drink; and we then saw too plainly that another stroke was upon her. He went to her and with Auntie P.’s and F.’s help supported her back to the study; we got a mattress laid on the floor…
27May1878, Coffin Moved to the Abbey – London – On Monday evening the Coffin was moved to a chapel at the Abbey; and F.’s room put back into its usual state; it felt strange and half wrong after the hours when it seemed like a consecrated spot.
01Jun1878, Old Lord Russell Has Died – London – We walked with Hugh Smith to inquire at Pembroke Lodge, where old Lord Russell has lately died, his last illness having come on just after the 50th anniversary of the Tests Repeal Act. He was not able to receive the deputation, but Lady Russell, I believe, read the Address to him and made him understand something about it. The Amberley boy who succeeds is about 11: said to be very quick and sharp—an out-and-out Stanley.
01Jul1878, All 8 Brothers in London – London – University match; as I couldn’t go in the morning I missed a grand innings of Edward’s, and wouldn’t go in the afternoon. B. Temple came to see me, looking pretty brisk. Old Albert came to sleep, and to-night all 8 brothers are in London: all but Nevy, Spencer, and Bob dined with us.
09Jul1878, Ireland and its Improvement – Wellington College – Dined at Louisa Lady Ashburton’s who had miscounted her guests so that poor Ly. Belper was puss in the corner for a time. Sat between Ld. Melgund [FN: Afterwards 4th Earl of Minto and Viceroy of India.] and a very pleasant old Bishop of Limerick who stuck up for Ireland and its improvement,…
15Jul1878, Parliament and Princesses – London – Dizzy returned, with colours flying, from Berlin, Ld. Salisbury with him (the captive, says the Spectator, of his sword and of his bow)…Ld. Derby explicitly stated that a main cause of his resignation was its being said in the Cabinet that Cyprus would have to be taken, with or without the consent of Italy, our ally…Edith and I in the evening to the new chapel of ease close to Compton Place, where were a whole bevy of Princesses, the number being swelled by 3 Hesse girls [FN: One of these girls became the unfortunate Empress of Russia, murdered by the Bolshevists.],
23Jul1878, More Derby-Salisbury Business – London – who should be on the Thames-tunnel landing-place but Ly. Granville!!! I wonder how many chances there were against our meeting on a penny boat. She had a brother with her, and had been to Ratclyffe Highway to buy a paroqueet. We talked of the horrid Derby-Salisbury business; Ld. Derby has found his mem. written at the time of his resignation…
12Aug1878, Mixed Marriages with R.C. – London – He [FN: A friend who had married a Roman Catholic.] and his wife have at last come to an open row about the children’s religion. He declares that he only gave the promise before marriage that they should be brought up Roman on the strength of some words of hers implying that she wouldn’t hold him to the promise.
28Aug1878, Little Mary Cavendish – London – Mazy wrote me a dear letter full of littleMary Cavendish’s excellencies. [FN: Her eldest brother Lord Lyttelton, who became 8th Viscount Cobham in 1889, had just become engaged to Mary Cavendish, daughter of the 2nd Baron Chesham.]
September, Age 37
09Sep1878, Colin Campbell for Argyleshire – Holker – I have not mentioned a pleasant event—the return of Colin Campbell for Argyleshire, Lorne having been appointed Gov.-Gen. of Canadaan excellent coup of Dizzy’s. It is as good as a gain of a seat, Lorne having pursued a tolerably consistent course of voting against his party.
16Sep1878, Beasts and Boys – Holker – A wonderful sale of shorthorns came off on Wednesday, which has been absorbing Mr. Drewry for many a month…Eddy went off with Victor to school, Thurs. night. Frank with his two Friday morning. A black Friday !—poor little boys crying bitterly, and their elders not much better; didn’t I see the Duke hastily wiping his eyes as he turned back into the house!
30Sep1878, A Visit to Saltaire – Milner Field – Next day, in spite of pitiless rain, Titus took us and Ld. Carnavon over the magnificent Saltaire schools. I never dreamt of anything on such a scale. He is especially proud of the Board Schools, which consist of Kindergarten and a great Mixed School…
19Oct1878, Charles Gets Married – London – Charles’s wedding-day a golden day within and without! Thank God for this great happiness that has come to him, and thro’ him to us all, after the heavy sorrows of the last 2 years…
20Oct1878, A War With Afghanistan – Highclere – Much politics prevail, and Dizzy’s left ear ought to burn continuously! Ld. Bath and Ld. Carnarvon are desperately down upon him. We are on the verge of a war with Afghanistan, upon a squabble with the Ameer for which we have ourselves to thank; it would be a horrid calamity, and the jingo notion that our Indian frontier wants advancing is shown by Lord Lawrence to be utterly wrong: it could only weaken us.
28Oct1878, Tales of Learning – Highclere and Longleat – Went early on Mon. morning to hear Miss Graves teach little Margaret Herbert arithmetic by the new “Sonnenschein” system. It wonderfully familiarizes a child with all the simple rules, including fractions, at once !…At breakfast Lord Carnavon told us his brother Alan in his young days, wishing to learn to swim, was dropped overboard in deep water; went to the bottom, was fished up, and immediately said he would try again
04Nov1878, Sunday Out to Longleat – Bath – Saturday we had the break of going to Longleat for a “Sunday out.” Drove from Warminster; woods lovely. Find Count Nesselrode, and Mr. Horner who knew all my brothers at school. I delight in the noble hall…
18Nov1878, A Reading List – Chatsworth – we left it on Saturday, and came nothing loth to Chatsworth—a great rise in life from our lodging. F. less lame and much better and stronger, but his arm much the same: he has clapt an Alcock’s Porous Plaster on the shoulder. Our reading has been tolerably extensive…
26Nov1878, Guests at Chatsworth – Chatsworth – Very pleasant week; arrived Georgy Grenfell, and daughters: Lina is a dear little chum of mine, and Constance, just grown up…Mintos with their very taking son Arthur…old Richmond, excellent company always. He and “Dicky Doyle” very good fun going over the Sketches together…Dufferins: a great break to see them…
09Dec1878, Little Mary Talbot and the E.Q. – Falconhurst – Little Mary takes no end of interest in politics, and said to me, “I should like to hear the Government side* well put. Papa, you know, does not get up foreign politics; indeed, I have beaten him myself about them!”



13Jan1879, A Brilliant Attack – Holker – Sir W. Harcourt has made a brilliant attack on the Government’s Eastern policy at Oxford; the pity is one can’t believe in him: he has neither principles nor convictions.
27Jan1879, Arthur to be First Master at Selwyn – Hawarden – I had the grand excitement of being the first to tell them of a great piece of news just sent me by Arthur himself, viz., of his having been offered the headship of the new “Selwyn College” at Cambridge, which is to be opened in about 2 years.
05Feb1879, Bright Reads Whittier – Hawarden – I forgot to mention how Bright one evening read aloud some very striking poetry by Whittier, an American poet: it was wonderfully moving from the great beauty of his voice, absolute simplicity of style, and perfect enunciation.
10Mar1879, Fire at Granville’s – London – Heard on Monday that the poor Lord Granvilles, while out driving to see Ly. Russell with their children Sunday, had the attic floor of their house burnt! 15 fire-engines put it out and sadly ruined the walls and the rest of the house, but everything moveable was saved, except poor Ly. G.’s best gowns and lace…
17Mar1879, The Queen at a Wedding – London – Mrs. Byng bore me off with her to see the Duke of Connaught’s marriage…F. and I walked behind Dizzy on his way to the House; it was curious to see how every passer-by turned to look at him. A grisly sight he is, with his blue-grey colour and sham old black curls; he was drest like a well-to-do Old Clo’ man, in a long light grey coat and loud trousers, and walked very infirmly.
03Mar1879, Algernon Howard’s Secession to Rome – London – In the middle of dinner in marched Rosalind Howard to see me, in excellent looks and high force; she rubbed me up the wrong way by talking in a cheerful airy way about her brother Algernon’s secession to Rome, which has been a grief to me.
07Apr1879, Litany at S. Paul’s – London – Went East straight from Cannon St., joined Mazy in S. Paul’s Cathedral, and attended the solemn 1 o’clock Litany, hymn and sermon. Edward Talbot’s Mr. Holland preached—a great, original, fervent sermon;
21Apr1879, Campbell Engagments – London – Went to Campden Hill to see the D. of Argyll, who has just come back from Cannes. Curious strong friendship and affection has sprung up between him and Amelia Anson…The 2 engaged couples were in the drawing-room…
28Apr1879, The Monster Wingless Bird – Mount Clare and London – We visited old Pro. Owen and his pretty, older sister: he delighted me with an account of the monster N.Z. wingless antediluvian bird, whose leg-bone made Owen’s fame. Heard a fine speech of Uncle W.’s on the Budget, making mince-meat of it.
05May1879, Queen Called Over the Coals – London – A horrid debate in the H. of Commons brought on by Mr. Dillwyn, who gave notice of a motion blaming the Queen herself for certain letters and telegrams she has sent…but if she has, who is to blame? Dizzy and nobody else; for so long giving her her head and coaxing up in her ideas of prerogative which she would never have dreamt of but for him. …
20May1879, Empress of Germany – London – Party at Ly. Salisbury’s to meet the Empress of Germany, a wizzy old lady, who was just curtseying and complimenting herself out of the house when we arrived.
05Jun1879, An Agricultural Show – Aix Les Bains – Went to Chambéry to see an Agricultural Show—wonderfully like an English one, with thrashing machines and other steam implements, tho’ how they employ them in this land of tiny properties is hard to imagine. The cattle charming little creatures, like Alderneys.
08Jun1879, Wretched Little Chapel – Aix Les Bains – Wretched little chapel so crammed we could only get places in the morning by going early. The Chaplain (Mr. Phelps) having a voice like holystoning decks, and accordingly thinking fit to shout, I wrote him a polite anonymous note, intimating that there was an echo, and that he was much better heard when he spoke low!
15Jun1879, Farewell to Aix – Brides Les Bains – this perfect landscape was all enlivened with villages and bright with running water—so far below, however, that I could barely hear it rushing; and the deep stillness was one intense charm. I sat on a knoll for an hour, surrounded by gentians and heartsease, and fairly cried for joy!
30Jun1879, Sarah Bernhardt — Outrageous Scandal! – London – London has gone mad over the principal actress in the Comédic Française who are here: Sarah Bernhardt — a woman of notorious, shameless character…. Not content with being run after on the stage, this woman is asked to respectable people’s houses to act, and even to luncheon and dinner; and all the world goes. It is an outrageous scandal!
08Jul1879, Without the Notorious Woman – London – meeting a very pleasing young Crown Prince of Sweden…Had the delight of my one and only Comédie Française at the Gaiety; N.B. without the notorious woman.
22Jul1879, Comments Around Gladstone Portrait – Castle Goring – A Tory lady was looking at it, and said, “Why, it makes the old scoundrel look quite respectable!” when a voice behind her said, “Madam, I heard you call Mr. G. a scoundrel. Allow me to tell you I have known him from boyhood—at school, at college, and up to the present time: and I can only assure you that there is no one of more thorough religious principle and conduct.” The speaker is said to have been Sir Thos. Acland.
29Jul1879, Choate Over the Moon – London – Had a famous successful dinner last week, of W. E. G.’s, Eddys, Mr. Herschell [FN: Afterwards Lord Chancellor Herschell.], Bright and his daughter, to meet certain agreeable Yankee Choates,[FN: No doubt the same Mr. Choate who was afterwards American Ambassador.] who were over the moon.
September, Age 38
20Oct1879, Five Children Playing Whist – Holker – The 5 children all insist upon playing whist!! Dick and Blanche have a very good notion of it, and John can preside over a hand and follow suit with great accuracy, looking like Solomon. Christian seats herself by one of the players and shouts “Tump it!” on all occasions.
27Oct1879, Special Train to Hardwick – Hardwick – We all broke up into a vast déménagement. Special train with all and sundry. Children and Co. went to Chatsworth. Duke, F., and I parted with them at Chesterfield and came to Hardwick, where we have not stayed since the New Year 1874, before any of the dark days had come upon me.
03Nov1879, Long Talk With Cardinal Newman – Keble College – The most notable event of the week was the arrival on a morning call of no less a personage than Cardinal Newman! An historical event it was, to see him sitting in the house of the Warden of Keble College…His business was to bring Edwarden some letters of Keble, which he didn’t like to trust thro’ the post; and he had to explain certain erasures he had made in them. This he did by word of mouth, Edward being at home; but there was also a most touching and interesting mem. to the same effect in his hand-writing along with the letters. He said the erasures were only of passages expressing such vehement self-depreciation as would certainly be misunderstood, and which Newman said he “could not” leave standing. He called him his “dearly, deeply beloved friend,”…
03Nov1879, Socially Disappointing – Oxford – Canon Farrar is socially disappointing: not conversible on any subject except Temperance which he has hotly taken up. When I spoke of school-mastering being exhausting work, he wouldn’t agree, and said his work at Marlboro’ was “child’s play” ..
10Nov1879, Crack Went Some Small Tendon – Chatsworth – F. went to Leeds to hear a fine onslaught of the D. of Argyll’s at a monster Liberal meeting. Friday and Saturday bright sharp frosts. Saturday we had a good lawn-t. campaign on the new concrete ground, at the end of which, without any provocation, crack went some small tendon in the calf of my left leg, and I shall hobble for days to come.
24Nov1879, Short Supply of Young Ladies – Chatsworth – A very lively, pleasant week; its only weak point a short supply of young ladies: poor Edith Howard, a daughter of Sir John and Ly. Elizabeth St. Aubyn, and Lena Grenfell formed the staple…My Fred 43 on the 30th; he is very well and up to things; but alas ! still given to aches in the back…
01Dec1879, No End of Luxury – Wentworth – To a political do-ment at Shipley on Monday, the hospitable Titus Salts putting us up at Milner Field, amid no end of luxury. —Tuesday. To Wentworth, where we met Thompson Hankeys, agreeable old birds, Ly. Gwendolen Ramsden, a die-away dull woman, like an old Indian, and her very handsome niece Hilda Graham.
08Dec1879, Gladstone a Little Elated – Hawarden – the Great Man all the while interesting and delightful beyond. For the 1st time, I deliberately believe, in my recollection, he seems a little personally elated! It has always hitherto been the cause, or the moment, or the circumstances, or something, that he thinks he is the mere mouthpiece of; but this unheard-of enthusiasm for his name, in his own country (for he is a pure-bred Scotchman), and after the long time of abuse and loss of influence, has deeply moved him.



23Feb1880, Transvaal and Sister Dora – London – Mr. Gurdon was at dinner, just back from S. Africa, and confirming a most grubous letter lately had from Col. Lanyon who is administering the Transvaal…(Gladstone) sent a copy to the D. of Argyll, and they both talked of it 19 to the dozen. When Southwark was lost, he wrote to somebody, “I should be very unhappy about Southwark, if it wasn’t for Sister Dora!”
23Feb1880, Burne-Jones and Matthew Arnold – London – a P.B. neighbour in the shape of Burne-Jones the painter. He was interesting, but desperately self-conscious…much talk with Matthew Arnold, who was interested about Alfred, whom he has lately met. He talked of his coming as Marshal to Hagley with his father-in-law…I vividly remember it, and the dislike I took to him!
01Mar1880, Ellice Hopkins and Friendless Girls – London – Went to a small meeting at the Stuart Wortleys of married ladies, to hear that wonderful woman Miss Ellice Hopkins speak of a most dreadful state of things hitherto ignored by the land—little girls from 10 to 13 years old entrapped into bad houses and sent upon the streets…
08Mar1880, Owdacious Flings at the Opposition – London – F. turned up from the House in the small hours, with the thunderclap news of a DISSOLUTION!…We dined Wednesday at D. House, where were Frank and Lou, and Cavendish looking rather ill and tired with a cold. His address to N. E. Lancashire, which he is going to fight, quite excellent..
15Mar1880, H. Gladstone Contests Middlesex – London – Herbert Gladstone has been pounced upon to contest Middlesex !—all his expenses paid. It is a bold thing, Ld. Geo. Hamilton and Mr. Coope being supposed to be as strong as may be; but the Liberal spirit seems growing every day.
29Mar1880, Borough Elections – Bolton Abbey – A great and notable week for England! the Borough elections came off thick and fast, and revealed a mighty reaction; the week-end finds us with a gain of 55 Liberal seats.
05Apr1880, Our Most Triumphant Campaign – Bolton, Halifax – Each day has brought fresh tides of conquests…Declaration of the Poll at Bradford : F.’s majority 3,700 — rather more than the highest expectations; and the total poll 100 more than the utmost stretch of imagination…
12Apr1880, Queen Angry at Dizzy – London – I am now in the splendid position of having 8 relations (Liberals) in for counties…The Queen didn’t return from Baden till Saturday evening: the grub is that she is very angry with Dizzy for having misled her as to the result of the dissolution and has been wigging poor innocent Sir Hicks Beach, who has been in attendance on her! Sunday morning Dizzy went down to Windsor; it is presumed to resign.
19Apr1880, Gladstone Prime Minister Again – London – We were dining with the Henry Grenfells on Friday, and Arthur Godley was there, to whom arrived in the middle of dinner the most graceful little letter in the world from Ld. Granville, releasing him from his secretary duties, and setting him free for his old post as Uncle W.’s secretary. Arthur Godley much moved. The announcement was what first announced to us who was Prime Minister.
26Apr1880, Filling Up Of Offices – London – and Uncle W. looks as if a little more of it would send him into his grave! Of course Lord Granville and Hartington had their choice of the leading places…Sir Charles Dilke everybody thought would be the best man, but (a dead secret) the Queen drew the line there ! and one can’t wonder at her, as some years ago he publicly made an onslaught on the Monarchy…
03May1880, Gladstone’s Austria Attack – London – The new Government has certainly had an awkward throw-off. There has been a general kick-up over a letter Uncle W. has just published to Count Karolyi, the Austrian Ambassador. In one of his Midlothian speeches he attacked Austria for having never done any good in the world, and for intriguing after part of the Christian provinces in the Balkan peninsula…
28Jun1880, Gladstone Rests at a Villa – London – Saturday the 3rd the House sat till Sunday morning, but Uncle W. got off in the evening, and drove down with Auntie P. to a villa Ld. Aberdeen has taken for the summer — Littleburys, Mill Hill, beyond Barnet. F. and I joined them there, driving down deliciously to church on Sunday morning…
12Jul1880, An Ugly Waggish Mug – London – Prince Edward of Wales very fair, noble-looking and handsome, and of tolerable height, but he doesn’t look as well in a regular grown-up get-up, and has rather a weak face. Prince George a little fellow, with an ugly waggish mug. I believe he is a good deal the sharpest.
19Jul1880, Bare Shoulders and Short Sleeves – London – Dinner again in Downing Street meeting Maria Marchss., [FN: I,e, Maria Marchioness of Ailesbury.] who is a real miracle in being still able to carry on her evening gown with bare shoulders and short sleeves a la jeune fille, and the crop of canary-hued curls. A rather ghastly and bony sight, but still it passes muster.
26Jul1880, Gladstone falls ill – London – He took me down to dinner, however, and said a cheery word or two, but he had no appetite; ate a little soup, and drank a glass of port; leant back in his chair with his eyes shut and looked horribly ill. By and bye he said, “Don’t mind me, but I think I had better go upstairs and lie down.”
02Aug1880, Gladstone Convalescent – London – The streams of inquiries, cards, and letters have been marvellous, Queen, Lords and Commons, Opposition and Government, friends and foes, high and low, men, women, and children, Europe, Asia, Africa, and America. He dressed and came down Saturday—convalescent.
16Aug1880, An Utterly Shocking Engagement – London – London very full this last week or so of the utterly disgusting fact, which I have only just been driven to believe, of old Lady Burdett Coutts’s (66 or so) intended marriage with a young Mr. Ashmead Bartlett.
September, Age 39
20Sep1880, Passion Play at Oberammergau – Munich – The play began at 8. We were very well placed, under cover, in the “Loge” with backs to our seats. I grieve to have to confess that I was disappointed; but I do believe chiefly because of the impossible ideal created by the extraordinary raptures I have heard and read from all quarters.
18Oct1880, Beginning the Final Book – Hawarden – There is something awful in closing my last book, which lasted six years, and contained the most terrible experience of my life, and opening this new one with the trembling thought of “what may and must be coming.” 0 Lord, Thou knowest.
28Oct1880, Suspension of Habeas Corpus – Hawarden -He says the panic is very great, and all the people he spoke to unanimous as to the suspension of the Habeas Corpus, on the ground that it has never been known to fail in putting down sedition. Certain landlords are said to be in danger because they are good ones; Parnell and Co. considering they stand in the way of their revolutionary schemes.
22Nov1880, Sent Off a Letter – London – Went to the Mon. Pop with Spencer and Alfred; alack ! it was rather beyond me. Sent off a letter which is to appear in the M. Packet, in answer to an unprovoked attack on High Day Schools by Miss Sewell.
24Nov1880, The Fine March from Candahar – London – we dined at the Admiralty, and went on to a party at the Childers’, where I had the pride of talking to Sir Frederick Roberts,[FN Afterwards Earl Roberts.] the hero of the fine march from Candahar and the victory just afterwards. He is an ugly little man, with pleasant, unaffected manner; his face burnt red and without an oz. of flesh.
26Nov1880, Bright Talks Froudism – London – We dined at Spencer House. I sat by Mr. Bright, who was very pleasant. To my surprise he talked Froudism — i.e., how nations that could not win independence were better under somebody’s thumb. I don’t suppose he had the Balkan nationalities in his eye ! they have not yet had time to prove their capabilities.
27Nov1880, Gentle, Humble, and Considerate – Latimer – To Latimer, where I had the joy of finding Charles and Mary and that nice young person Maud. She has a darling face with fine dark blue eyes. . . .The descriptions of Rosalind’s [FN: Wife of the 9th Earl of Carlisle.] manners and customs at Castle Howard make one despair of her ever knowing how to be gentle, humble, or considerate; and yet she is kind and affectionate.
12Dec1880, Aunt Looty – Kebel College – The following scene took place as I was reading by the fire and she came up to me. May: “Aunt Looty got crinkles on oo forehead!” Aunt Looty: “Yes, and I’m afraid they won’t rub out.” May: “What, not with wingy-wubber?” and she fetched a bit..
12Dec1880, The First Boycott – London – The Irish matters are going from bad to worse. A certain agent named Boycott having affronted the “Land League,” no one would work for him or cut his crops (this was some time ago). Troops had to be ordered to protect some labourers from the N. who housed the crops, and unhappy Boycott has had to flee the country.
15Dec1880, At Windsor With the Queen – Windsor – We had the excitement of going to Windsor to dine and sleep, also the Gladstones…The grey hair is really almost the only change in the dear Queen’s looks since my day; she was grave for the most part, and no wonder. Ireland is a great distress to her…After H.M. had done with us, we joined the Household, sitting round the round table just as of old
17Dec1880, Tenants Refuse Pay Rent – London – I went to see Lord George Quin (88) and Ly. Newburgh. Lord George said his Irish tenants had one and all refused to pay rent, against the grain however. He has just cut a tooth ! ! and given up spectacles.
31Dec1880, A Year of Many Clouds – London – Poor Uncle W. looked ill and harassed and dead tired on Thursday and had a touch of lumbago. Fri. he was much brighter and quite well! Having the Cabinet off his mind was a great thing. Marvellous to say, the principle of the Land Bill was agreed to, tho’ Uncle W. (little as it is suspected) more Conservative than most upon the question



05Jan1881, All This a Dead Secret – London – H.M. took a sudden (not a new) quirk against the promise to give up Candahar in the Royal Speech, and kept the unhappy Ministers hours at Osborne, bringing her round — Uncle W. having to telegraph argumentative messages in cipher! All this is a dead secret, but everyone knew the delayed departure of the Ministers
08Jan1881, New Actor Edwin Booth – London – To the “Fool’s Revenge,” with the good new actor Edwin Booth. Very good, and I wept sore!
09Jan1881, Bulwer-Lytton Defends Afghanistan Policy – London – I went to the H. of Lords, where Ld. Lytton was ill-advised enough to attempt a defence of the Afghanistan policy. His speech was fluent and clever, but he had not a leg to stand on…He was followed by the D. of Argyll, who, with perhaps unnecessary fire, demolished and scattered him to the winds in a most brilliant, condensed, and perfect little speech of only of an hour. (This was the last time I saw Dizzy.)
17Jan1881, London in Snow – London – Towards evening the wind got up, and blew all night and all Tuesday with a big snowfall. The drifts were no joke, and by Wednesday we found out that there is a kind of universal block and stoppage of traffic, more or less, all over the British Isles and the Continent into the bargain. No post from the country…
31Jan1881, Parliament and the Irish – London – A very notable week of Parliamentary events. The “debate” on leave to bring in the Coercion Bill began afresh on Monday, and the House sat for 41 1/2 hours…When Parnell (their leader) was thus marched off, all the Home Rulers rose en masse and shouted “Privilege! Privilege!” waving arms and hats. As unhappy Uncle W. had each time to begin his speech, each time to be interrupted, the Speaker then to do the “naming,” Uncle W. then to move the member’s expulsion…
07Feb1811, Ugly, Undeniably – London – I ought to have mentioned a smart little drum at Downing St. last Wednesday when we met the D. and Duchess of Edinburgh. Mazy said Uncle W. had been delighted with the Duchess all thro’ dinner, she was so lively and intelligent. Ugly, undeniably ! but it’s no wonder our long-nosed Princes should look out for pug-nosed wives.
14Feb1881, The Prophet of Chelsea Has Died – London – Old Carlyle, “the prophet of Chelsea,” died a little while ago, of mere old age. I am glad I was once introduced to him, and can remember his shock head and outpour of broad Scotch…
15Feb1881, Training Boys to Honour Women – London – to hear that wonderful woman, Miss Ellice Hopkins, speak…The main principle (never to be forgotten) that she urged, was the training boys from their very childhood to honour all women and, as they grow up, to loathe any thought of bringing any woman to shame, or helping to keep her there.
16Feb1881, Still Dislikes Matthew Arnold – London – Dined with the Trevelyans, met Matt. Arnolds (oh ! still I feel of him as I did 25 years ago—” I do not like you, Dr. Fell “). He was agreeable enough and there was good literary talk about Carlyle and George Eliot; but his chin was always in the air…Drum at Ly. Reay’s, where I saw Alfred who said such a warm, loving word of thanks for my letter.
19Feb1881, Borrowing a Gown – London – To Battle, meeting Henry Cowper, F. Leveson and son, the Derbys, and Morleys. Duchess [FN: Of Cleveland, mother of Lord Rosebery.] as youthful and sportive as ever; my box was shot out at the wrong station, and I had to don a smart tea-gown of hers, which did famously, tho’ it wouldn’t meet in front!
20Feb1881, Lord Derby Very Agreeable – Battle – Good walk; Lord Derby very agreeable and full of humour; I never took him in that light before; but 10 to 1, if one met him a week hence, he would not know one from Adam. He even joined the Dss.’s youthful sports and did Irish brogue, etc., very well. Not a word of politics did he speak. I like the dignified kind old Duke of Cleveland, with his clever, ancient reminiscences.
23Feb1881, Courage to Tackle the Queen – London – Escorted Princess Louise over the Kensington High School; great excitement of all concerned… H.M. had fixed a Council at Windsor for that day at a church-going hour, and neither Althorp nor Ld. Granville had the courage to tackle her! Uncle W. did, however,
24Feb1881, Gladstone Hits His Head – London – Consternation of F. and me at breakfast, getting an official notice of Uncle W. having slipped in the half-melted snow at the garden-door coming home from Marlboro’ House last night, and cut the back of his head open on the edge of the doorstep…
15Mar1881, Peace Without Victory – London – Negotiations are going on with the Boers. It does not need to be a jingo to feel the humiliation of making peace without a victory after 3 defeats. But (owing I fear to our dear Sir Owen Lanyon) we have brought the situation a good deal on ourselves, from not setting negotiations on foot the minute we came into power, and so getting out of the mess the late Government had got us into.
28Mar1881, The Russian Tragedy – London – The Royalties looked sadly grim, in blackest black; how ghastly it must be to be undergoing a Court mummery with their poor hearts all full of the Russian tragedy! The D. and Dss. of Edinburgh went off to S. Petersb. the very day of the murder,[FN: The assassination of the Emperor Alexander II.] and the P. and Prss. of Wales have gone to the Funeral. Most plucky, when there can be no sort of security against their being blown up all together.
30Mar1881, Another Adventure With Horses – London – Miss Lilley came to see me, and we went together to Lady Jane Lindsay’s, and trolled over a proposed Scarlet Fever Convalescent Home…Before this I had an event au beau milieu of St. James’ St., the horse falling down, getting up again in a panic, and kicking and plunging till it looked like complete smash of either himself, brougham, or sundry human beings. Nothing worse happened than shivered shafts
03Apr1881, Gladstone Hard at Work – London – Algy West came to tea high-gee Budget details; had seen Uncle W. hard at work with Mr. Welby in the middle of the day, and poked fun about his Sabbath keeping. But I said I would answer for his having been to church…
30Apr1881, Comparing Gladstone and Disraeli – Holmbury – Mr. Cowper and I drove up from the station together yesterday and tried to analyse Uncle W. and Dizzy. He has always been rather fond of Dizzy; said he was more affectionate and made and kept more friends than Uncle W.
02May1881, Gladstone Eulogizes Disraeli – London – Uncle W. made a most faultless speech, moving for a monument to Dizzy in Westminster Abbey—generous, appreciative, unreserved, and yet scrupulously true and with no blinking of their long antagonism.
04Jun1881, Deliciously Together – Bonn – he has only four nights to spare, poor wretch, as evil fate has put Supply down first thing on Thursday…. Then came the joyful moment of meeting my Fred at the station about 3. Drove off deliciously together after he had had some supper, to Godesberg: it’s rather a cockney drive, but he loved the sweet air.
13Jun1881, Comments on the Revised Version – London – One of these days Uncle W. dined with us: we kept off politics and went high-gee into the Revised Version. When he was last ill from overwork and worry a little while ago, he went at it as he lay in bed. He doesn’t like it—objects to the pedantry of abjuring all synonyms and quasi-synonyms
18Jun1881, Dear Little Ethel Fane – Brocket – Made great acquaintance with the dear little body Ethel Fane,[FN: Now Lady Desborough] aged 14, Henry Cowper’s orphan niece. She has her mother’s pretty dark eyes. We had no end of topics in common, being equal lovers of Miss Yonge, and I did enjoy the little body’s intense enthusiasm and great discernment, coupled with very pretty modesty.
26Jun1881, A Favoured and Petted Prince – Wellington College – Heard about Prince Chrstian’s eldest boy, who is here; seems a nice, well-disposed, lively fellow, but having been favoured and petted at his 1st school is terribly ill-grounded and inattentive. He is on just the same footing as the others, except that he must not be flogged and this greatly bothers his tutor.
10Jul1881, 50,000 Volunteers – Sunning Hill – There came off a grand review of volunteers in Windsor Park, over 50,000. No end of croakings heralded it…All went off without a hitch: railway arrangements faultless, military ones ditto. Only 130 or thereabouts had to go to the ambulance at all, and only 1 man has been ill enough (from sunstroke) to be sent into hospital. The Queen immensely delighted, and the Crown Prince of Germany, and other foreigners who were present, struck all of a heap.
18Jul1881, Death of Dean Stanley – London – On Monday, just after midnight, died Dean Stanley, after about a fortnight’s illness, ending with erysipelas in the head and lungs. I saw him last at his “Window-gardening show” in the grounds of the Abbey, when he is supposed to have caught a fatal chill…
26Jul1881, I Can’t Bear Lecky! – London – We dined with the Roundells ; met Goldwin Smiths and Leckys. (I can’t bear Lecky ! with his innocent long face, looking as if butter wouldn’t melt in his mouth.)
30Jul1881, The Spanish Prince Imperial – Rickmansworth – Spanish Ambassador talked interestingly of the poor Prince Imperial: I felt more sympathetic over his longing to fight under the English flag than I ever did before: the Ambassador said he was a very high-minded and noble fellow, terribly hampered by his foolish mother’s attempts to keep him a baby, and wishing for something more manly than being petted thro’ a London season.
03Aug1881, A Concert For Me – London – The remarkable day of my first (and last) concert: got up for me by Mazy and Spencer. Free Forester quartetts and quintettes (Spencer, Edward, Messrs. Ratliff, Bray, and Muir Mackenzie), a little violin and p.f. pair of Polish sisters called Bulewski, an American Miss Bube: brothers also each sang a solo and Mazy played. Company rather dowdy, but delighted.
08Aug1881, Bradlaugh’s Oath – London – I think it was last week that Bradlaugh made a horrid scene at the House. His line is to insist on trying to take his seat by force; so he had to be stopped in the lobby and hustled downstairs by main force, fighting hard…
14Aug1881, Suspense About Westminster – The Coppice – Great suspense about the Deanery of Westminster. I believe it is hanging between Edwin Palmer, Dr. Bradley, Dr. Hornby, and Dr. Barry. The 1st would be excellent, tho’ he is so little known.
September, Age 40
05Sep1881, A Yankee Miss Who Knew F. – Bolton Abbey – The event of the day, however, was the meeting between F. and a certain Yankee Miss _____, a showy old-young lady much painted, who turned out to be no other than “Philadelphia,” so called because he never could remember her name, but about whom I used to chaff him…
19Sep1881, President Garfield Dies – Holker – On the 19th President Garfield died, after a marvellous struggle for life of — weeks. A few days ago he was moved from Washington to fresher and purer air, the great heat having tried him…the bullet was in quite a different place from what the doctors thought, and there were frightful signs of blood-poisoning….
26Sep1881, Crape on Their Whips – Holker – The feeling throughout England for Garfield very strong; Monday was his funeral, and in London the Exchange and many shops were closed, and all the ‘bus men had crape on their whips.
05Oct1881, Middlesbrough Jubilee – Marton Hall – Wednesday, F. and I went off on notable jaunt. First for 2 nights to Middlesbrough, to celebrate its jubilee and the inauguration of a statue to the late Bolckow; then to Leeds, where Uncle W. had a magnificent reception.
08Oct1881, Leeds: They Roared Like Many Waters – Marton Hall – The 25,000 cheers that uprose were something never-to-be-forgotten ! followed by “Kentish fire” and then by roars of “He’s a jolly good fellow.” At last came silence, and he began “Mr. Chairman.” Hearing his clear voice throughout the hall started them afresh ! and they roared like many waters for several more seconds. The speech went into points of Foreign Policy chiefly…
24Oct1881, Charles Has a Son – Holker – Dear old big brother wrote me word of a son-and-heir with a hooked nose being born on Sunday the 23rd. A great event to us ! The little fellow is born with that most blessed of heritages—the good and noble examples of three generations of his name.
31Oct1881, New Marvel: A Telephone – Hawarden – That enchanting new marvel, a telephone, has been put up, whereby Castle and Rectory converse ad libitum. Uncle W., who is in some respects the greatest Tory out, will have nothing to say to it…and Sir Ralph Lingen, whom F. brought with him from Ireland, whither he flew on Wednesday for 2 nights.
04Nov1881, Gladstone’s Thoughts on Resignation – Hawarden – F. had talks with Uncle W. about his resignation, which he is very seriously contemplating about Easter, on the strength of having carried out all the great foreign matters of policy that he took office to do. The conversation as I have it from F. was pretty much as follows…
06Nov1881, The Comfort of his Life – Hawarden – Eaton meanwhile beautiful but bewildering; no end of rich and good detail; and the little semi-detached “living-house” very snug. But it’s too great a conglomeration. Sibell Grosvenor and Bibi Cavendish did the honours; the Duke we only saw for a minute. Sibell a most engaging creature, and the comfort of his life
19Dec1881, All the Schoolboys at Home – Chatsworth – All the schoolboys at home: Wm. frightfully big, with the dawn of a moustache and a gruff voice!! Fritz, tho’ quite a little boy still, has launched in life…Victor, poor dear, a very strong development of the family “mouton qui rêve” countenance; but he may be a comely man yet, as he will be tall and long-legged, if he acquires a good big beard.



21Feb1882, Bradlaugh’s Oath Sprung – London – Wretched Bradlaugh “sprung” his “oath” on the House, producing a Testament out of his pocket and going thro’ the form before anyone knew what to be at.
23Feb1882, A Marred Portrait of Gladstone – London – Went with Mazy to young Richmond’s and saw his wonderful new picture of Uncle W. It has a sort of “Vision of Ezekiel” look about it…But he has cruelly marred the effect by a perverse rendering of the skin, making it coarse and weatherbeaten to the greatest degree, as if he had been a Scotch shepherd..
06Mar1882, Discussing Lord F. – London – sat by Lady Enfield who was mighty civil and said many interesting things about F.—how some bitter anti-Forster man said all would have been well in Ireland if F. had been Chief Sec.! I said, “Heaven forbid!” but Lord Enfield agreed with the man. Bet me 2s. 6d., which I took, that F. would be Chancellor of the Exchequer the end of this session.
15Mar1882, Defending Gladstone – London – …He stuck to his assertion that there was nothing else about him which was not commonplace; and I was that disgusted, that I took refuge with my other neighbour, Lord Something, tho’ a sad goose I found him.
19Mar1882, A Darby and Joan Afternoon – Latimer – F. and I had a Darby and Joan afternoon walk and pickt primroses and white violets; wild strawberry blossom and daffodils are out. We suspected nothing (who would have thought such a thing likely!), but heard afterwards that the Duke and Katie Cavendish settled after morning Church to marry each other.
01Apr1882, Helped Towards Prettiness – London – Saturday to Holmbury, meeting Lord Granvilles with their nice little 15-year-old girl Vita [FN: Now Lady Victoria Russell. She married Harold, eldest son of Lord Arthur Russell.] who will be much helped towards prettiness by lovely figure and hair.
03Apr1882, Preparing a Peggy for Confirmation – London – Nevy and I to St. Paul’s again, for Mattins at 10. Came home afterwards for a final lesson with my peggy [FN: I.e maid-servant] whom I am preparing for Confirmation. We got to Holker at 9. Found the Duke alone, but Eddy’s and boys come Thursday.
13Apr1882, Visiting Exeter – Exeter – My Fred had to go off to Dublin. We set off together at 7.40, and I came to Exeter,[FN: I.e. the Bishop’s Palace.] getting here in time to sit down to dinner before 8. Little Frederic Temple, a fine bouncing fair rosy fellow, with round blue eyes: the baby a very pretty dot
18Apr1882, Safe Back from Dublin – London – Stayed till Tuesday and found my Fred at home, safe back from Dublin and horribly discreet as to state of things in Ireland….[Written some time after her husband’s death.] I must try and put down what I can of the end of my blessed 18 years’ happiness—the end of all the bright hopes for the future…
Final Entries – Then came our good-bye-our last kiss. There were no particular last words. I had not a feeling but that he was coming back on Sunday night: I called to him, “Mind and send me word of yr train, that I may send to meet you.” I heard aftds he all but missed the train. This was my last sight of my own darling.

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